Definition of Anions. Meaning of Anions. Synonyms of Anions

Definition of Anions. Meaning of Anions. Synonyms of Anions

Here you will find one or more explanations in English for the word Anions. Also in the bottom left of the page several parts of wikipedia pages related to the word Anions and, of course, Anions synonyms and on the right images related to the word Anions.

Definition of Anions

anions
Ion I"on, n. 1. One of the electrified particles into which, according to the electrolytic dissociation theory, the molecules of electrolytes are divided by water and other solvents. An ion consists of one or more atoms and carries a unit charge of electricity, 3.4 x 10^-10 electrostatic units, or a multiple of this. Those which are positively electrified (hydrogen and the metals) are called cations; negative ions (hydroxyl and acidic atoms or groups) are called anions. Note: Thus, hydrochloric acid (HCl) dissociates, in aqueous solution, into the hydrogen ion, H^+, and the chlorine ion, Cl^-; ferric nitrate, Fe(NO3)3, yields the ferric ion, Fe^+++, and nitrate ions, NO3^-, NO3^-, NO3^-. When a solution containing ions is made part of an electric circuit, the cations move toward the cathode, the anions toward the anode. This movement is called migration, and the velocity of it differs for different kinds of ions. If the electromotive force is sufficient, electrolysis ensues: cations give up their charge at the cathode and separate in metallic form or decompose water, forming hydrogen and alkali; similarly, at the anode the element of the anion separates, or the metal of the anode is dissolved, or decomposition occurs. 2. One of the small electrified particles into which the molecules of a gas are broken up under the action of the electric current, of ultraviolet and certain other rays, and of high temperatures. To the properties and behavior of ions the phenomena of the electric discharge through rarefied gases and many other important effects are ascribed. At low pressures the negative ions appear to be electrons; the positive ions, atoms minus an electron. At ordinary pressures each ion seems to include also a number of attached molecules. Ions may be formed in a gas in various ways.
Anion
Anion An"i*on, n. [Gr. ?, neut. ?, p. pr. of ? to go up; ? up + ? to go.] (Chem.) An electro-negative element, or the element which, in electro-chemical decompositions, is evolved at the anode; -- opposed to cation. --Faraday.

Meaning of Anions from wikipedia

- positively-charged ion, while an anion is negatively charged. Because of their opposite electric charges, cations and anions attract each other and readily...
- concentrations of anions like lactate, beta-hydroxybutyrate, acetoacetate, PO3−4, and SO2−4 in the blood. These anions are not part of the anion-gap calculation...
- such anions, such as sodium metasilicate; or any ester containing the corresponding chemical group, such as tetramethyl orthosilicate.Silicate anions are...
- below 0.155. At the stability limit the cation is touching all the anions and the anions are just touching at their edges (radius ratio = 0.155). For radius...
- Organic anions are chemically heterogeneous substances possessing a carbon backbone and a net negative charge. Organic anions are conjugate bases of organic...
- High anion gap metabolic acidosis is a form of metabolic acidosis characterized by a high anion gap (a medical value based on the concentrations of ions...
- -ate, but different -ate anions might have different numbers of oxygen atoms. These rules will not work with all polyatomic anions, but they do work with...
- normal anion gap acidosis. Results 2-4 all involve HAGMAs. A high anion gap metabolic acidosis usually occurs because of an increase in anions. So in...
- compounds. The ions are atoms that have gained one or more electrons (known as anions, which are negatively charged) and atoms that have lost one or more electrons...
- electrophiles. Although nitrile anions are functionally similar to enolates, the extra multiple bond in nitrile anions provides them with a unique ketene-like...
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