Definition of Sodium. Meaning of Sodium. Synonyms of Sodium
Here you will find one or more explanations in English for the word Sodium. Also in the bottom left of the page several parts of wikipedia pages related to the word Sodium and, of course, Sodium synonyms and on the right images related to the word Sodium.
Definition of Sodium
SodiumSodium So"di*um, n. [NL., fr.E. soda.] (Chem.)
A common metallic element of the alkali group, in nature
always occuring combined, as in common salt, in albite, etc.
It is isolated as a soft, waxy, white, unstable metal, so
readily oxidized that it combines violently with water, and
to be preserved must be kept under petroleum or some similar
liquid. Sodium is used combined in many salts, in the free
state as a reducer, and as a means of obtaining other metals
(as magnesium and aluminium) is an important commercial
product. Symbol Na (Natrium). Atomic weight 23. Specific
Sodium amalgam, an alloy of sodium and mercury, usually
produced as a gray metallic crystalline substance, which
is used as a reducing agent, and otherwise.
Sodium bicarbonate, a white crystalline substance,
HNaCO3, with a slight alkaline taste resembling that of
sodium carbonate. It is found in many mineral springs and
also produced artificially,. It is used in cookery, in
baking powders, and as a source of carbonic acid gas
(carbon dioxide) for soda water. Called also cooking
soda, saleratus, and technically, acid sodium
carbonate, primary sodium carbonate, sodium
Sodium carbonate, a white crystalline substance,
Na2CO3.10H2O, having a cooling alkaline taste, found in
the ashes of many plants, and produced artifically in
large quantities from common salt. It is used in making
soap, glass, paper, etc., and as alkaline agent in many
chemical industries. Called also sal soda, washing
soda, or soda. Cf. Sodium bicarbonate, above and
Sodium chloride, common, or table, salt, NaCl.
Sodium hydroxide, a white opaque brittle solid, NaOH,
having a fibrous structure, produced by the action of
quicklime, or of calcium hydrate (milk of lime), on sodium
carbonate. It is a strong alkali, and is used in the
manufacture of soap, in making wood pulp for paper, etc.
Called also sodium hydrate, and caustic soda. By
extension, a solution of sodium hydroxide.
Meaning of Sodium from wikipedia
is a chemical element
with symbol Na (from Latin
natrium) and atomic
number 11. It is a soft, silvery-white, highly reactive
- Sodium bicarbonate
(IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen
carbonate), commonly known
soda, is a chemical compound
with the formula
NaHCO3. It is a salt...
hydroxide, also known
as lye and caustic
soda, is an inorganic compound
with the formula
NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting
carbonate, Na2CO3, (also known
soda, soda ash and soda crystals) is the inorganic compound
with the formula
Na2CO3 and its various
- Sodium chloride
/ˌsoʊdiəm ˈklɔːraɪd/, commonly known
as salt (though sea salt also contains other chemical
salts), is an ionic compound
with the chemical...
thiopental, also known
as Sodium Pentothal
Laboratories, not to be confused
with pentobarbital), thiopental, thiopentone...
- Sodium benzoate
is a substance which
has the chemical formula
C6H5COONa. It is a widely
used food preservative, with an E number
of E211. It is the sodium...
- Sodium sulfate
as sodium sulphate
of soda) is the inorganic compound
Na2SO4 as well as several related
acetate, CH3COONa, also abbreviated
NaOAc, is the sodium
salt of acetic
acid. This colorless deliquescent
salt has a wide range
of uses. Sodium...
- Sodium hypochlorite
is a chemical compound
with the formula NaOCl
or NaClO, comprising
a sodium cation
(Na+ ) and a hypochlorite anion
(OCl− or ClO− )...
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