Definition of Friction clutch. Meaning of Friction clutch. Synonyms of Friction clutch

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Definition of Friction clutch

Friction clutch
Ftiction Ftic"tion, n. [L. frictio, fr. fricare, frictum,to rub: cf. F. friction. See Fray to rub, arid cf. Dentifrice.] 1. The act of rubbing the surface of one body against that of another; attrition; in hygiene, the act of rubbing the body with the hand, with flannel, or with a brush etc., to excite the skin to healthy action. 2. (Mech.) The resistance which a body meets with from the surface on which it moves. It may be resistance to sliding motion, or to rolling motion. 3. A clashing between two persons or parties in opinions or work; a disagreement tending to prevent or retard progress. Angle of friction (Mech.), the angle which a plane onwhich a body is lying makes with a horizontal plane,when the hody is just ready to slide dewn the plane. Note: This angle varies for different bodies, and for planes of different materials. Anti-friction wheels (Mach.), wheels turning freely on small pivots, and sustaining, at the angle formed by their circumferences, the pivot or journal of a revolving shaft, to relieve it of friction; -- called also friction wheels. Friction balls, or Friction rollers, balls or rollers placed so as to receive the pressure or weight of bodies in motion, and relieve friction, as in the hub of a bicycle wheel. Friction brake (Mach.), a form of dynamometer for measuring the power a motor exerts. A clamp around the revolving shaft or fly wheel of the motor resists the motion by its friction, the work thus absorbed being ascertained by observing the force required to keep the clamp from revolving with the shaft; a Prony brake. Friction chocks, brakes attached to the common standing garrison carriages of guns, so as to raise the trucks or wheels off the platform when the gun begins to recoil, and prevent its running back. --Earrow. Friction clutch, Friction coupling, an engaging and disengaging gear for revolving shafts, pulleys, etc., acting by friction; esp.: (a) A device in which a piece on one shaft or pulley is so forcibly pressed against a piece on another shaft that the two will revolve together; as, in the illustration, the cone a on one shaft, when thrust forcibly into the corresponding hollow cone b on the other shaft, compels the shafts to rotate together, by the hold the friction of the conical surfaces gives. (b) A toothed clutch, one member of which, instead of being made fast on its shaft, is held by friction and can turn, by slipping, under excessive strain or in starting. Friction drop hammer, one in which the hammer is raised for striking by the friction of revolving rollers which nip the hammer rod. Friction gear. See Frictional gearing, under Frictional. Friction machine, an electrical machine, generating electricity by friction. Friction meter, an instrument for measuring friction, as in testing lubricants. Friction powder, Friction composition, a composition of chlorate of potassium, antimony, sulphide, etc, which readily ignites by friction. Friction primer, Friction tube, a tube used for firing cannon by means of the friction of a roughened wire in the friction powder or composition with which the tube is filled. Friction wheel (Mach.), one of the wheels in frictional gearing. See under Frictional.

Meaning of Friction clutch from wikipedia

- especially in vehicles with manual transmissions. Slippage of a friction clutch (where the clutch is partially engaged but the shafts are rotating at different...
- models used a design wherein a sprag clutch is connected to just half of the clutch friction plates, allowing the clutch to slip during heavy backloading...
- engagement of interlocking teeth or dogs rather than by friction. The two parts of the clutch are designed such that one will push the other, causing...
- initial cost. A friction-plate clutch uses a single plate friction surface to engage the input and output members of the clutch. When the clutch is actuated...
- the cone clutch uses two conical surfaces to transmit torque by friction. The cone clutch transfers a higher torque than plate or disk clutches of the same...
- converter (or a fluid coupling prior to the 1960s), instead of the friction clutch used by most manual transmissions. A hydraulic automatic transmission...
- increase, weighted arms in the clutch swing outward and force the clutch to engage. The most common types have friction pads or shoes radially mounted...
- the 1960s), instead of the friction clutch used by most manual transmissions and dual-clutch transmissions. A dual-clutch transmission (DCT) uses two...
- tilt slightly, producing a wedging action and binding because of friction. A sprag clutch is used in some automatic transmissions as a method of allowing...
- by friction on the clutch material, reducing its usable lifespan[citation needed]. This is mitigated in most motorcycles by the use of a wet clutch. When...