Definition of Nitrile. Meaning of Nitrile. Synonyms of Nitrile

Here you will find one or more explanations in English for the word Nitrile. Also in the bottom left of the page several parts of wikipedia pages related to the word Nitrile and, of course, Nitrile synonyms and on the right images related to the word Nitrile.

Definition of Nitrile

Nitrile
Nitrile Ni"trile (? or ?), n. [See Nitro-.] (Chem.) Any one of a series of cyanogen compounds; particularly, one of those cyanides of alcohol radicals which, by boiling with acids or alkalies, produce a carboxyl acid, with the elimination of the nitrogen as ammonia. Note: The nitriles are named with reference to the acids produced by their decomposition, thus, hydrocyanic acid is formic nitrile, and methyl cyanide is acetic nitrile.

Meaning of Nitrile from wikipedia

- In organic chemistry, a nitrile is any organic compound that has a −C≡N functional group. The name of the compound is composed of a base, which includes...
- Nitrile rubber, also known as nitrile butadiene rubber, NBR, Buna-N, and acrylonitrile butadiene rubber, is a synthetic rubber derived from acrylonitrile...
- In nitrile reduction a nitrile is reduced to either an amine or an aldehyde with a suitable chemical reagent. The catalytic hydrogenation of nitriles is...
- Nitrile hydratases (NHases; EC 4.2.1.84) are mononuclear iron or non-corrinoid cobalt enzymes that catalyse the hydration of diverse nitriles to their...
- Nitrile ylides also known as nitrilium ylides or nitrilium methylides, are generally reactive intermediates formally consisting of a carbanion of an alkyl...
- H3C−C≡N. This colourless liquid is the simplest organic nitrile (hydrogen cyanide is a simpler nitrile, but the cyanide anion is not classed as organic). It...
- Nitrile anions is jargon from the organic product resulting from the deprotonation of alkylnitriles. The proton(s) α to the nitrile group are sufficiently...
- an organic compound with the formula CH3CH2CN. It is a simple aliphatic nitrile. The compound is a colourless, water-soluble liquid. It is used as a solvent...
- Nitrilase enzymes (nitrile aminohydrolase; EC 3.5.5.1) catalyse the hydrolysis of nitriles to carboxylic acids and ammonia, without the formation of "free"...
- hydroalkoxylation, which involve adding amines and alcohols to alkenes. Nitriles are susceptible to hydration to amides: RCN + H2O → RC(O)NH2 This reaction...