Definition of Membrane. Meaning of Membrane. Synonyms of Membrane
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Definition of Membrane
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Basement membraneBasement Base"ment, n. [F. soubassement. Of uncertain origin.
Cf. Base, a., Bastion.] (Arch.)
The outer wall of the ground story of a building, or of a
part of that story, when treated as a distinct substructure.
( See Base, n., 3
(a) .) Hence: The rooms of a ground floor, collectively.
Basement membrane (Anat.), a delicate membrane composed of
a single layer of flat cells, forming the substratum upon
which, in many organs, the epithelioid cells are disposed. Bronchial membraneBronchial Bron"chi*al, a. [Cf. F. bronchial. See Bronchia.]
Belonging to the bronchi and their ramifications in the
Bronchial arteries, branches of the descending aorta,
accompanying the bronchia in all their ramifications.
Bronchial cells, the air cells terminating the bronchia.
Bronchial glands, glands whose functions are unknown,
seated along the bronchia.
Bronchial membrane, the mucous membrane lining the
Bronchial tube, the bronchi, or the bronchia. Germinal membraneGerminal Ger"mi*nal, a. [See Germ.]
Pertaining or belonging to a germ; as, the germinal vesicle.
Germinal layers (Biol.), the two layers of cells, the
ectoblast and entoblast, which form respectively the outer
covering and inner wall of the gastrula. A third layer of
cells, the mesoblast, which is formed later and lies
between these two, is sometimes included.
Germinal membrane. (Biol.) Same as Blastoderm.
Germinal spot (Biol.), the nucleolus of the ovum.
Germinal vesicle, (Biol.), the nucleus of the ovum of
animals. MembraneousMembraneous Mem*bra"ne*ous, a. [L. membraneus of parchment.]
See Membranous. Mucous membraneMucous Mu"cous, a. [L. mucosus, fr. mucus mucus.]
1. Of, pertaining to, or resembling, mucus; slimy, ropy, or
stringy, and lubricous; as, a mucous substance.
2. Secreting a slimy or mucigenous substance; as, the mucous
Mucous membrane. (Anat.) See under Membrane.
Mucous patches (Med.), elevated patches found in the mucous
membranes of the mouth and anus, usually due to syphilis.
Mucous tissue (Anat.), a form of connective tissue in an
early stage of development, found in the umbilical cord
and in the embryo, and also in certain tumors called
myxomata. Schneiderian membraneSchneiderian Schnei*de"ri*an, a. (Anat.)
Discovered or described by C. V. Schneider, a German
anatomist of the seventeenth century.
Schneiderian membrane, the mucous membrane which lines the
nasal chambers; the pituitary membrane. Synovial membraneSynovial Syn*o"vi*al, a. [Cf. F. synovial.] (Anat.)
Of or pertaining to synovia; secreting synovia.
Synovial capsule, a closed sac of synovial membrane
situated between the articular surfaces at diarthrodial
Synovial fluid, synovia.
Synovial membrane, the dense and very smooth connective
tissue membrane which secretes synovia and surrounds
synovial capsules and other synovial cavities. Tympanic membraneTympanic Tym*pan"ic (?; 277), a. [See Tympanum.]
1. Like a tympanum or drum; acting like a drumhead; as, a
2. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the tympanum.
Tympanic bone (Anat.), a bone of the skull which incloses a
part of the tympanum and supports the tympanic membrane.
Tympanic membrane. (Anat.) See the Note under Ear. Virginal membraneVirginal Vir"gin*al, a. [L. virginalis: cf. F. virginal.]
Of or pertaining to a virgin; becoming a virgin; maidenly.
``Chastity and honor virginal.' --Spenser.
Virginal generation (Biol.), parthenogenesis.
Virginal membrane (Anat.), the hymen.
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