Definition of Upon. Meaning of Upon. Synonyms of Upon
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Definition of Upon
uponLot Lot, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Lotted; p. pr. & vb. n.
To allot; to sort; to portion. [R.]
To lot on or upon, to count or reckon upon; to expect
with pleasure. [Colloq. U. S.] uponWin Win, v. i.
To gain the victory; to be successful; to triumph; to
Nor is it aught but just That he, who in debate of
truth hath won, should win in arms. --Milton.
To win of, to be conqueror over. [Obs.] --Shak.
To win on or upon.
(a) To gain favor or influence with. ``You have a softness
and beneficence winning on the hearts of others.'
(b) To gain ground on. ``The rabble . . . will in time win
upon power.' --Shak. Upon Now strike your saile, ye jolly mariners, For we be come
unto a quiet rode [road]. --Spenser.
On, or Upon, the road, traveling or passing over a
road; coming or going; on the way.
My hat and wig will soon be here, They are upon the
Road agent, a highwayman, especially on the stage routes of
the unsettled western parts of the United States; -- a
humorous euphemism. [Western U.S.]
The highway robber -- road agent he is quaintly
called. --The century.
Road book, a quidebook in respect to roads and distances.
Road metal, the broken, stone used in macadamizing roads.
Road roller, a heavy roller, or combinations of rollers,
for making earth, macadam, or concrete roads smooth and
compact. -- often driven by steam.
Road runner (Zo["o]l.), the chaparral cock.
Road steamer, a locomotive engine adapted to running on
To go on the road, to engage in the business of a
commercial traveler. [Colloq.]
To take the road, to begin or engage in traveling.
To take to the road, to engage in robbery upon the
Syn: Way; highway; street; lane; pathway; route; passage;
course. See Way. uponSettle Set"tle, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Settled; p. pr. & vb. n.
Settling.] [OE. setlen, AS. setlan. [root]154. See
Settle, n. In senses 7, 8, and 9 perhaps confused with OE.
sahtlen to reconcile, AS. sahtlian, fr. saht reconciliation,
sacon to contend, dispute. Cf. Sake.]
1. To place in a fixed or permanent condition; to make firm,
steady, or stable; to establish; to fix; esp., to
establish in life; to fix in business, in a home, or the
And he settled his countenance steadfastly upon him,
until he was ashamed. --2 Kings
The father thought the time drew on Of setting in
the world his only son. --Dryden.
2. To establish in the pastoral office; to ordain or install
as pastor or rector of a church, society, or parish; as,
to settle a minister. [U. S.]
3. To cause to be no longer in a disturbed condition; to
render quiet; to still; to calm; to compose.
God settled then the huge whale-bearing lake.
Hoping that sleep might settle his brains. --Bunyan.
4. To clear of dregs and impurities by causing them to sink;
to render pure or clear; -- said of a liquid; as, to
settle coffee, or the grounds of coffee.
5. To restore or bring to a smooth, dry, or passable
condition; -- said of the ground, of roads, and the like;
as, clear weather settles the roads.
6. To cause to sink; to lower; to depress; hence, also, to
render close or compact; as, to settle the contents of a
barrel or bag by shaking it.
7. To determine, as something which is exposed to doubt or
question; to free from unscertainty or wavering; to make
sure, firm, or constant; to establish; to compose; to
quiet; as, to settle the mind when agitated; to settle
questions of law; to settle the succession to a throne; to
settle an allowance.
It will settle the wavering, and confirm the
8. To adjust, as something in discussion; to make up; to
compose; to pacify; as, to settle a quarrel.
9. To adjust, as accounts; to liquidate; to balance; as, to
settle an account.
10. Hence, to pay; as, to settle a bill. [Colloq.] --Abbott.
11. To plant with inhabitants; to colonize; to people; as,
the French first settled Canada; the Puritans settled New
England; Plymouth was settled in 1620.
To settle on or upon, to confer upon by permanent grant;
to assure to. ``I . . . have settled upon him a good
To settle the land (Naut.), to cause it to sink, or appear
lower, by receding from it.
Syn: To fix; establish; regulate; arrange; compose; adjust;
determine; decide. uponSpring Spring, v. i. [imp. Sprangor Sprung; p. p.
Sprung; p. pr. & vb. n. Springing.] [AS. springan; akin
to D. & G. springen, OS. & OHG. springan, Icel. & Sw.
springa, Dan. springe; cf. Gr. ? to hasten. Cf. Springe,
1. To leap; to bound; to jump.
The mountain stag that springs From height to
height, and bounds along the plains. --Philips.
2. To issue with speed and violence; to move with activity;
to dart; to shoot.
And sudden light Sprung through the vaulted roof.
3. To start or rise suddenly, as from a covert.
Watchful as fowlers when their game will spring.
4. To fly back; as, a bow, when bent, springs back by its
5. To bend from a straight direction or plane surface; to
become warped; as, a piece of timber, or a plank,
sometimes springs in seasoning.
6. To shoot up, out, or forth; to come to the light; to begin
to appear; to emerge; as a plant from its seed, as streams
from their source, and the like; -often followed by up,
forth, or out.
Till well nigh the day began to spring. --Chaucer.
To satisfy the desolate and waste ground, and to
cause the bud of the tender herb to spring forth.
Do not blast my springing hopes. --Rowe.
O, spring to light; auspicious Babe, be born.
7. To issue or proceed, as from a parent or ancestor; to
result, as from a cause, motive, reason, or principle.
[They found] new hope to spring Out of despair, joy,
but with fear yet linked. --Milton.
8. To grow; to prosper.
What makes all this, but Jupiter the king, At whose
command we perish, and we spring? --Dryden.
To spring at, to leap toward; to attempt to reach by a
To spring forth, to leap out; to rush out.
To spring in, to rush in; to enter with a leap or in haste.
To spring on or upon, to leap on; to rush on with haste
or violence; to assault. uponSpit Spit, v. i.
1. To throw out saliva from the mouth.
2. To rain or snow slightly, or with sprinkles.
It had been spitting with rain. --Dickens.
To spit on or upon, to insult grossly; to treat with
contempt. ``Spitting upon all antiquity.' --South. UponTapis Ta"pis, n. [F. See Tapestry.]
Tapestry; formerly, the cover of a council table.
On, or Upon, the tapis, on the table, or under
consideration; as, to lay a motion in Parliament on the
tapis. uponPrey Prey, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Preyed; p. pr. & vb. n.
Preying.] [OF. preier, preer, L. praedari, fr. praeda. See
To take booty; to gather spoil; to ravage; to take food by
More pity that the eagle should be mewed, While kites
and buzzards prey at liberty. --Shak.
To prey on or upon.
(a) To take prey from; to despoil; to pillage; to rob.
(b) To seize as prey; to take for food by violence; to seize
and devour. --Shak.
(c) To wear away gradually; to cause to waste or pine away;
as, the trouble preyed upon his mind. --Addison. uponTouch Touch, v. i.
1. To be in contact; to be in a state of junction, so that no
space is between; as, two spheres touch only at points.
2. To fasten; to take effect; to make impression. [R.]
Strong waters pierce metals, and will touch upon
gold, that will not touch upon silver. --Bacon.
3. To treat anything in discourse, especially in a slight or
casual manner; -- often with on or upon.
If the antiquaries have touched upon it, they
immediately quitted it. --Addison.
4. (Naut) To be brought, as a sail, so close to the wind that
its weather leech shakes.
To touch and go (Naut.), to touch bottom lightly and
without damage, as a vessel in motion.
To touch at, to come or go to, without tarrying; as, the
ship touched at Lisbon.
To touch on or upon, to come or go to for a short time.
I made a little voyage round the lake, and touched
on the several towns that lie on its coasts.
--Addison. UponUpon Up*on", prep.[AS. uppan, uppon; upp up + on, an, on. See
Up, and On.]
On; -- used in all the senses of that word, with which it is
interchangeable. ``Upon an hill of flowers.' --Chaucer.
Our host upon his stirrups stood anon. --Chaucer.
Thou shalt take of the blood that is upon the altar.
The Philistines be upon thee, Samson. --Judg. xvi.
As I did stand my watch upon the hill. --Shak.
He made a great difference between people that did
rebel upon wantonness, and them that did rebel upon
This advantage we lost upon the invention of firearms.
Upon the whole, it will be necessary to avoid that
perpetual repetition of the same epithets which we find
in Homer. --Pope.
He had abandoned the frontiers, retiring upon Glasgow.
Philip swore upon the Evangelists to abstain from
aggression in my absence. --Landor.
Note: Upon conveys a more distinct notion that on carries
with it of something that literally or metaphorically
bears or supports. It is less employed than it used to
be, on having for the most part taken its place. Some
expressions formed with it belong only to old style;
as, upon pity they were taken away; that is, in
consequence of pity: upon the rate of thirty thousand;
that is, amounting to the rate: to die upon the hand;
that is, by means of the hand: he had a garment upon;
that is, upon himself: the time is coming fast upon;
that is, upon the present time. By the omission of its
object, upon acquires an adverbial sense, as in the
last two examples.
To assure upon (Law), to promise; to undertake.
To come upon. See under Come.
To take upon, to assume. uponDown Down, adv. [For older adown, AS. ad?n, ad?ne, prop., from
or off the hill. See 3d Down, and cf. Adown, and cf.
1. In the direction of gravity or toward the center of the
earth; toward or in a lower place or position; below; --
the opposite of up.
2. Hence, in many derived uses, as:
(a) From a higher to a lower position, literally or
figuratively; in a descending direction; from the top
of an ascent; from an upright position; to the ground
or floor; to or into a lower or an inferior condition;
as, into a state of humility, disgrace, misery, and
the like; into a state of rest; -- used with verbs
It will be rain to-night. Let it come down.
I sit me down beside the hazel grove.
And that drags down his life. --Tennyson.
There is not a more melancholy object in the
learned world than a man who has written himself
The French . . . shone down [i. e., outshone]
the English. --Shak.
(b) In a low or the lowest position, literally or
figuratively; at the bottom of a decent; below the
horizon; of the ground; in a condition of humility,
dejection, misery, and the like; in a state of quiet.
I was down and out of breath. --Shak.
The moon is down; I have not heard the clock.
He that is down needs fear no fall. --Bunyan.
3. From a remoter or higher antiquity.
Venerable men! you have come down to us from a
former generation. --D. Webster.
4. From a greater to a less bulk, or from a thinner to a
thicker consistence; as, to boil down in cookery, or in
making decoctions. --Arbuthnot.
Note: Down is sometimes used elliptically, standing for go
down, come down, tear down, take down, put down, haul
down, pay down, and the like, especially in command or
Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke.
If he be hungry more than wanton, bread alone
will down. --Locke.
Down is also used intensively; as, to be loaded down;
to fall down; to hang down; to drop down; to pay down.
The temple of Her[`e] at Argos was burnt down.
Down, as well as up, is sometimes used in a
conventional sense; as, down East.
Persons in London say down to Scotland, etc., and
those in the provinces, up to London.
Down helm (Naut.), an order to the helmsman to put the helm
Down on or upon (joined with a verb indicating motion, as
go, come, pounce), to attack, implying the idea of
Come down upon us with a mighty power. --Shak.
Down with, take down, throw down, put down; -- used in
energetic command. ``Down with the palace; fire it.'
To be down on, to dislike and treat harshly. [Slang, U.S.]
To cry down. See under Cry, v. t.
To cut down. See under Cut, v. t.
Up and down, with rising and falling motion; to and fro;
hither and thither; everywhere. ``Let them wander up and
down.' --Ps. lix. 15. uponGain Gain, v. i.
To have or receive advantage or profit; to acquire gain; to
grow rich; to advance in interest, health, or happiness; to
make progress; as, the sick man gains daily.
Thou hast greedily gained of thy neighbors by
extortion. --Ezek. xxii.
Gaining twist, in rifled firearms, a twist of the grooves,
which increases regularly from the breech to the muzzle.
To gain on or upon.
(a) To encroach on; as, the ocean gains on the land.
(b) To obtain influence with.
(c) To win ground upon; to move faster than, as in a race or
(d) To get the better of; to have the advantage of.
The English have not only gained upon the Venetians
in the Levant, but have their cloth in Venice
My good behavior had so far gained on the emperor,
that I began to conceive hopes of liberty. --Swift. uponHit Hit, v. i.
1. To meet or come in contact; to strike; to clash; --
followed by against or on.
If bodies be extension alone, how can they move and
hit one against another? --Locke.
Corpuscles, meeting with or hitting on those bodies,
become conjoined with them. --Woodward.
2. To meet or reach what was aimed at or desired; to succeed,
-- often with implied chance, or luck.
And oft it hits Where hope is coldest and despair
most fits. --Shak.
And millions miss for one that hits. --Swift.
To hit on or upon, to light upon; to come to by chance.
``None of them hit upon the art.' --Addison. uponImpose Im*pose", v. i.
To practice trick or deception.
To impose on or upon, to pass or put a trick on; to
delude. ``He imposes on himself, and mistakes words for
things.' --Locke. uponImprove Im*prove", v. i.
1. To grow better; to advance or make progress in what is
desirable; to make or show improvement; as, to improve in
We take care to improve in our frugality and
2. To advance or progress in bad qualities; to grow worse.
``Domitain improved in cruelty.' --Milner.
3. To increase; to be enhanced; to rise in value; as, the
price of cotton improves.
To improve on or upon, to make useful additions or
amendments to, or changes in; to bring nearer to
perfection; as, to improve on the mode of tillage.
Meaning of Upon from wikipedia
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