Definition of Battery. Meaning of Battery. Synonyms of Battery

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Definition of Battery

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Barbette battery
Barbette Bar*bette", n. [F. Cf. Barbet.] (Fort.) A mound of earth or a platform in a fortification, on which guns are mounted to fire over the parapet. En barbette, In barbette, said of guns when they are elevated so as to fire over the top of a parapet, and not through embrasures. Barbette gun, or Barbette battery, a single gun, or a number of guns, mounted in barbette, or partially protected by a parapet or turret. Barbette carriage, a gun carriage which elevates guns sufficiently to be in barbette. [See Illust. of Casemate.]
Fixed battery
Fixed Fixed (f[i^]kst), a. 1. Securely placed or fastened; settled; established; firm; imovable; unalterable. 2. (Chem.) Stable; non-volatile. Fixed air (Old Chem.), carbonic acid or carbon dioxide; -- so called by Dr. Black because it can be absorbed or fixed by strong bases. See Carbonic acid, under Carbonic. Fixed alkali (Old Chem.), a non-volatile base, as soda, or potash, in distinction from the volatile alkali ammonia. Fixed ammunition (Mil.), a projectile and powder inclosed together in a case ready for loading. Fixed battery (Mil.), a battery which contains heavy guns and mortars intended to remain stationary; -- distinguished from movable battery. Fixed bodies, those which can not be volatilized or separated by a common menstruum, without great difficulty, as gold, platinum, lime, etc. Fixed capital. See the Note under Capital, n., 4. Fixed fact, a well established fact. [Colloq.] Fixed light, one which emits constant beams; -- distinguished from a flashing, revolving, or intermittent light. Fixed oils (Chem.), non-volatile, oily substances, as stearine and olein, which leave a permanent greasy stain, and which can not be distilled unchanged; -- distinguished from volatile or essential oils. Fixed pivot (Mil.), the fixed point about which any line of troops wheels. Fixed stars (Astron.), such stars as always retain nearly the same apparent position and distance with respect to each other, thus distinguished from planets and comets.
Floating battery
Floating Float"ing, a. 1. Buoyed upon or in a fluid; a, the floating timbers of a wreck; floating motes in the air. 2. Free or lose from the usual attachment; as, the floating ribs in man and some other animals. 3. Not funded; not fixed, invested, or determined; as, floating capital; a floating debt. Trade was at an end. Floating capital had been withdrawn in great masses from the island. --Macaulay. Floating anchor (Naut.), a drag or sea anchor; drag sail. Floating battery (Mil.), a battery erected on rafts or the hulls of ships, chiefly for the defense of a coast or the bombardment of a place. Floating bridge. (a) A bridge consisting of rafts or timber, with a floor of plank, supported wholly by the water; a bateau bridge. See Bateau. (b) (Mil.) A kind of double bridge, the upper one projecting beyond the lower one, and capable of being moved forward by pulleys; -- used for carrying troops over narrow moats in attacking the outworks of a fort. (c) A kind of ferryboat which is guided and impelled by means of chains which are anchored on each side of a stream, and pass over wheels on the vessel, the wheels being driven by stream power. (d) The landing platform of a ferry dock. Floating cartilage (Med.), a cartilage which moves freely in the cavity of a joint, and often interferes with the functions of the latter. Floating dam. (a) An anchored dam. (b) A caisson used as a gate for a dry dock. Floating derrick, a derrick on a float for river and harbor use, in raising vessels, moving stone for harbor improvements, etc. Floating dock. (Naut.) See under Dock. Floating harbor, a breakwater of cages or booms, anchored and fastened together, and used as a protection to ships riding at anchor to leeward. --Knight. Floating heart (Bot.), a small aquatic plant (Limnanthemum lacunosum) whose heart-shaped leaves float on the water of American ponds. Floating island, a dish for dessert, consisting of custard with floating masses of whipped cream or white of eggs. Floating kidney. (Med.) See Wandering kidney, under Wandering. Floating light, a light shown at the masthead of a vessel moored over sunken rocks, shoals, etc., to warn mariners of danger; a light-ship; also, a light erected on a buoy or floating stage. Floating liver. (Med.) See Wandering liver, under Wandering. Floating pier, a landing stage or pier which rises and falls with the tide. Floating ribs (Anat.), the lower or posterior ribs which are not connected with the others in front; in man they are the last two pairs. Floating screed (Plastering), a strip of plastering first laid on, to serve as a guide for the thickness of the coat. Floating threads (Weaving), threads which span several other threads without being interwoven with them, in a woven fabric.
Flowing battery
Flowing Flow"ing, a. That flows or for flowing (in various sense of the verb); gliding along smoothly; copious. Flowing battery (Elec.), a battery which is kept constant by the flowing of the exciting liquid through the cell or cells. --Knight. Flowing furnace, a furnace from which molten metal, can be drawn, as through a tap hole; a foundry cupola. Flowing sheet (Naut.), a sheet when eased off, or loosened to the wind, as when the wind is abaft the beam. --Totten.
Galvanic battery
Galvanic Gal*van"ic, a. [From Galvani, a professor of physiology at Bologna, on account of his connection (about 1780) with the discovery of dynamical or current electricity: cf. F. galvanique.] Of or pertaining to, or exhibiting the phenomena of, galvanism; employing or producing electrical currents. Galvanic battery (Elec.), an apparatus for generating electrical currents by the mutual action of certain liquids and metals; -- now usually called voltaic battery. See Battery. Galvanic circuit or circle. (Elec.) See under Circuit. Galvanic pile (Elec.), the voltaic pile. See under Voltaic.
Gas battery
Note: Gas is often used adjectively or in combination; as, gas fitter or gasfitter; gas meter or gas-meter, etc. Air gas (Chem.), a kind of gas made by forcing air through some volatile hydrocarbon, as the lighter petroleums. The air is so saturated with combustible vapor as to be a convenient illuminating and heating agent. Gas battery (Elec.), a form of voltaic battery, in which gases, especially hydrogen and oxygen, are the active agents. Gas carbon, Gas coke, etc. See under Carbon, Coke, etc. Gas coal, a bituminous or hydrogenous coal yielding a high percentage of volatile matters, and therefore available for the manufacture of illuminating gas. --R. W. Raymond. Gas engine, an engine in which the motion of the piston is produced by the combustion or sudden production or expansion of gas; -- especially, an engine in which an explosive mixture of gas and air is forced into the working cylinder and ignited there by a gas flame or an electric spark.
Graphite battery
Graphite Graph"ite, n. [Gr. gra`fein to write: cf. F. graphite. See Graphic.] (Min.) Native carbon in hexagonal crystals, also foliated or granular massive, of black color and metallic luster, and so soft as to leave a trace on paper. It is used for pencils (improperly called lead pencils), for crucibles, and as a lubricator, etc. Often called plumbago or black lead. Graphite battery (Elec.), a voltaic battery consisting of zinc and carbon in sulphuric acid, or other exciting liquid.
Gravity battery
3. Importance, significance, dignity, etc; hence, seriousness; enormity; as, the gravity of an offense. They derive an importance from . . . the gravity of the place where they were uttered. --Burke. 4. (Physics) The tendency of a mass of matter toward a center of attraction; esp., the tendency of a body toward the center of the earth; terrestrial gravitation. 5. (Mus.) Lowness of tone; -- opposed to acuteness. Center of gravity See under Center. Gravity battery, See Battery, n., 4. Specific gravity, the ratio of the weight of a body to the weight of an equal volume of some other body taken as the standard or unit. This standard is usually water for solids and liquids, and air for gases. Thus, 19, the specific gravity of gold, expresses the fact that, bulk for bulk, gold is nineteen times as heavy as water.
Local battery
Local Lo"cal, a. [L. localis, fr. locus place: cf. F. local. See Lieu, Locus.] Of or pertaining to a particular place, or to a definite region or portion of space; restricted to one place or region; as, a local custom. Gives to airy nothing A local habitation and a name. --Shak. Local actions (Law), actions such as must be brought in a particular county, where the cause arises; -- distinguished from transitory actions. Local affection (Med.), a disease or ailment confined to a particular part or organ, and not directly affecting the system. Local attraction (Magnetism), an attraction near a compass, causing its needle to deviate from its proper direction, especially on shipboard. Local battery (Teleg.), the battery which actuates the recording instruments of a telegraphic station, as distinguished from the battery furnishing a current for the line. Local circuit (Teleg.), the circuit of the local battery. Local color. (a) (Paint.) The color which belongs to an object, and is not caused by accidental influences, as of reflection, shadow, etc. (b) (Literature) Peculiarities of the place and its inhabitants where the scene of an action or story is laid. Local option, the right or obligation of determining by popular vote within certain districts, as in each county, city, or town, whether the sale of alcoholic beverages within the district shall be allowed.
Masked battery
Masked Masked, a. 1. Wearing a mask or masks; characterized by masks; cincealed; hidden. 2. (Bot.) Same as Personate. 3. (Zo["o]l.) Having the anterior part of the head differing decidedly in color from the rest of the plumage; -- said of birds. Masked ball, a ball in which the dancers wear masks. Masked battery (Mil.), a battery so placed as not to be seen by an enemy until it opens fire. --H. L. Scott. Masked crab (Zo["o]l.), a European crab (Corystes cassivelaunus) with markings on the carapace somewhat resembling a human face. Masked pig (Zo["o]l.), a Japanese domestic hog (Sus pliciceps). Its face is deeply furrowed.
Relay battery
Relay Re*lay" (r?-l?"), n. [F. relais (cf. OF. relais relaxation, discontinuance, It. rilascio release, relief, rilasso relay), fr. OF. relaissier to abandon, release, fr. L. relaxare. See Relax.] 1. A supply of anything arranged beforehand for affording relief from time to time, or at successive stages; provision for successive relief. Specifically: (a) A supply of horses placced at stations to be in readiness to relieve others, so that a trveler may proceed without delay. (b) A supply of hunting dogs or horses kept in readiness at certain places to relive the tired dogs or horses, and to continue the pursuit of the game if it comes that way. (c) A number of men who relieve others in carrying on some work. 2. (Elec.) In various forms of telegraphic apparatus, a magnet which receives the circuit current, and is caused by it to bring into into action the power of a local battery for performing the work of making the record; also, a similar device by which the current in one circuit is made to open or close another circuit in which a current is passing. Relay battery (Elec.), the local battery which is brought into use by the action of the relay magnet, or relay.
Storage battery
Storage Stor"age, n. 1. The act of depositing in a store or warehouse for safe keeping; also, the safe keeping of goods in a warehouse. 2. Space for the safe keeping of goods. 3. The price changed for keeping goods in a store. Storage battery. (Physics) See the Note under Battery.
Thermobattery
Thermobattery Ther`mo*bat"ter*y, n. [Thermo- + battery.] A thermoelectric battery; a thermopile.
Voltaic battery
Voltaic Vol*ta"ic, a. [Cf. F. volta["i]que, It. voltaico.] 1. Of or pertaining to Alessandro Volta, who first devised apparatus for developing electric currents by chemical action, and established this branch of electric science; discovered by Volta; as, voltaic electricity. 2. Of or pertaining to voltaism, or voltaic electricity; as, voltaic induction; the voltaic arc. Note: See the Note under Galvanism. Voltaic arc, a luminous arc, of intense brilliancy, formed between carbon points as electrodes by the passage of a powerful voltaic current. Voltaic battery, an apparatus variously constructed, consisting of a series of plates or pieces of dissimilar metals, as copper and zinc, arranged in pairs, and subjected to the action of a saline or acid solution, by which a current of electricity is generated whenever the two poles, or ends of the series, are connected by a conductor; a galvanic battery. See Battery, 4. (b), and Note. Voltaic circuit. See under Circuit. Voltaic couple or element, a single pair of the connected plates of a battery. Voltaic electricity. See the Note under Electricity. Voltaic pile, a kind of voltaic battery consisting of alternate disks of dissimilar metals, separated by moistened cloth or paper. See 5th Pile. Voltaic protection of metals, the protection of a metal exposed to the corrosive action of sea water, saline or acid liquids, or the like, by associating it with a metal which is positive to it, as when iron is galvanized, or coated with zinc.
voltaic battery
Galvanic Gal*van"ic, a. [From Galvani, a professor of physiology at Bologna, on account of his connection (about 1780) with the discovery of dynamical or current electricity: cf. F. galvanique.] Of or pertaining to, or exhibiting the phenomena of, galvanism; employing or producing electrical currents. Galvanic battery (Elec.), an apparatus for generating electrical currents by the mutual action of certain liquids and metals; -- now usually called voltaic battery. See Battery. Galvanic circuit or circle. (Elec.) See under Circuit. Galvanic pile (Elec.), the voltaic pile. See under Voltaic.
Water battery
Water battery Wa"ter bat"ter*y 1. (Elec.) A voltaic battery in which the exciting fluid is water. 2. (Mil.) A battery nearly on a level with the water.

Meaning of Battery from wikipedia

- Battery may refer to: Battery, an 18th and 19th century term for a number of capacitors or Leyden jars connected in parallel Electric battery, electrochemical...
- A battery is a device consisting of one or more electrochemical cells with external connections provided to power electrical devices such as flashlights...
- A lithium-ion battery or Li-ion battery (abbreviated as LIB) is a type of rechargeable battery. Lithium-ion batteries are commonly used for portable electronics...
- some common primary and secondary battery types in household and light industrial use. Historically the term "battery" referred to a collection of electrochemical...
- The Battery refers to: The Battery (Charleston), South Carolina, United States The Battery (Manhattan) in New York City The Battery, St. John's, Newfoundland...
- Battery is a criminal offense involving unlawful physical contact, distinct from ****ault which is the act of creating apprehension of such contact. Battery...
- A rechargeable battery, storage battery, or secondary cell, (or archaically ac****ulator) is a type of electrical battery which can be charged, discharged...
- An automotive battery is a rechargeable battery that supplies electrical current to a motor vehicle. Its main purpose is to feed the starter, which starts...
- An alkaline battery (IEC code: L) is a type of primary battery which derives its energy from the reaction between zinc metal and manganese dioxide. Compared...
- The nickel–cadmium battery (NiCd battery or NiCad battery) is a type of rechargeable battery using nickel oxide hydroxide and metallic cadmium as electrodes...
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