Definition of Carbon. Meaning of Carbon. Synonyms of Carbon
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Definition of Carbon
Carbon Car"bon, n. (Elec.)
A carbon rod or pencil used in an arc lamp; also, a plate or
piece of carbon used as one of the elements of a voltaic
CarbonCarbon Car"bon (k[aum]r"b[o^]n), n. [F. carbone, fr. L. carbo
coal; cf. Skr. [,c]r[=a] to cook.] (Chem.)
An elementary substance, not metallic in its nature, which is
present in all organic compounds. Atomic weight 11.97. Symbol
C. it is combustible, and forms the base of lampblack and
charcoal, and enters largely into mineral coals. In its pure
crystallized state it constitutes the diamond, the hardest of
known substances, occuring in monometric crystals like the
octahedron, etc. Another modification is graphite, or
blacklead, and in this it is soft, and occurs in hexagonal
prisms or tables. When united with oxygen it forms carbon
dioxide, commonly called carbonic acid, or carbonic oxide,
according to the proportions of the oxygen; when united with
hydrogen, it forms various compounds called hydrocarbons.
Compare Diamond, and Graphite.
Carbon compounds, Compounds of carbon (Chem.), those
compounds consisting largely of carbon, commonly produced
by animals and plants, and hence called organic compounds,
though their synthesis may be effected in many cases in
The formation of the compounds of carbon is not
dependent upon the life process. --I. Remsen
Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide. (Chem.) See under
Carbon light (Elec.), an extremely brilliant electric light
produced by passing a galvanic current through two carbon
points kept constantly with their apexes neary in contact.
Carbon point (Elec.), a small cylinder or bit of gas carbon
moved forward by clockwork so that, as it is burned away
by the electric current, it shall constantly maintain its
proper relation to the opposing point.
Carbon tissue, paper coated with gelatine and pigment, used
in the autotype process of photography. --Abney.
Gas carbon, a compact variety of carbon obtained as an
incrustation on the interior of gas retorts, and used for
the manufacture of the carbon rods of pencils for the
voltaic, arc, and for the plates of voltaic batteries,
Meaning of Carbon from wikipedia
carbo 'coal') is a chemical element
with the symbol
C and atomic number
6. It is nonmetallic
and tetravalent—its atom making
- Carbon dioxide
CO2) is a chemical compound
made up of molecules
that each have one carbon
atom covalently double bonded
to two oxygen...
- A carbon
bond is a covalent
atoms. The most common
form is the single
bond: a bond composed
of two electrons, one from each...
- Carbon fibre reinforced carbon
(C/C), or reinforced carbon
(RCC) is a composite material consisting
of carbon fiber
- Carbon monoxide
CO) is a colorless, poisonous, odorless, tasteless, flammable
gas that is slightly
than air. Carbon
or product, expressed
as carbon dioxide equivalent
-containing gases carbon dioxide
and methane, can be...
- The carbon cycle
is the biogeochemical cycle
by which carbon
is exchanged among
the biosphere, pedosphere, geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere
- Carbon fibers
or carbon fibres
(alternatively CF, graphite fiber
fibre) are fibers about
5 to 10 micrometers
(0.00020–0.00039 in) in diameter...
-14, C-14, 14 C or radiocarbon, is a radioactive isotope
with an atomic nucleus containing
and 8 neutrons. Its presence
- Activated carbon
, also called activated
charcoal, is a form of carbon commonly
used to filter contaminants
and air, among
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