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Vertical circle

Vertical Ver"ti*cal, a. [Cf. F. vertical. See Vertex.] 1. Of or pertaining to the vertex; situated at the vertex, or highest point; directly overhead, or in the zenith; perpendicularly above one. Charity . . . is the vertical top of all religion. --Jer. Taylor. 2. Perpendicular to the plane of the horizon; upright; plumb; as, a vertical line. Vertical angle (Astron. & Geod.), an angle measured on a vertical circle, called an angle of elevation, or altitude, when reckoned from the horizon upward, and of depression when downward below the horizon. Vertical anthers (Bot.), such anthers as stand erect at the top of the filaments. Vertical circle (Astron.), an azimuth circle. See under Azimuth. Vertical drill, an drill. See under Upright. Vertical fire (Mil.), the fire, as of mortars, at high angles of elevation. Vertical leaves (Bot.), leaves which present their edges to the earth and the sky, and their faces to the horizon, as in the Australian species of Eucalyptus. Vertical limb, a graduated arc attached to an instrument, as a theodolite, for measuring vertical angles. Vertical line. (a) (Dialing) A line perpendicular to the horizon. (b) (Conic Sections) A right line drawn on the vertical plane, and passing through the vertex of the cone. (c) (Surv.) The direction of a plumb line; a line normal to the surface of still water. (d) (Geom., Drawing, etc.) A line parallel to the sides of a page or sheet, in distinction from a horizontal line parallel to the top or bottom. Vertical plane. (a) (Conic Sections) A plane passing through the vertex of a cone, and through its axis. (b) (Projections) Any plane which passes through a vertical line. (c) (Persp.) The plane passing through the point of sight, and perpendicular to the ground plane, and also to the picture. Vertical sash, a sash sliding up and down. Cf. French sash, under 3d Sash. Vertical steam engine, a steam engine having the crank shaft vertically above or below a vertical cylinder.

Vertical Ver"ti*cal, a. [Cf. F. vertical. See Vertex.] 1. Of or pertaining to the vertex; situated at the vertex, or highest point; directly overhead, or in the zenith; perpendicularly above one. Charity . . . is the vertical top of all religion. --Jer. Taylor. 2. Perpendicular to the plane of the horizon; upright; plumb; as, a vertical line. Vertical angle (Astron. & Geod.), an angle measured on a vertical circle, called an angle of elevation, or altitude, when reckoned from the horizon upward, and of depression when downward below the horizon. Vertical anthers (Bot.), such anthers as stand erect at the top of the filaments. Vertical circle (Astron.), an azimuth circle. See under Azimuth. Vertical drill, an drill. See under Upright. Vertical fire (Mil.), the fire, as of mortars, at high angles of elevation. Vertical leaves (Bot.), leaves which present their edges to the earth and the sky, and their faces to the horizon, as in the Australian species of Eucalyptus. Vertical limb, a graduated arc attached to an instrument, as a theodolite, for measuring vertical angles. Vertical line. (a) (Dialing) A line perpendicular to the horizon. (b) (Conic Sections) A right line drawn on the vertical plane, and passing through the vertex of the cone. (c) (Surv.) The direction of a plumb line; a line normal to the surface of still water. (d) (Geom., Drawing, etc.) A line parallel to the sides of a page or sheet, in distinction from a horizontal line parallel to the top or bottom. Vertical plane. (a) (Conic Sections) A plane passing through the vertex of a cone, and through its axis. (b) (Projections) Any plane which passes through a vertical line. (c) (Persp.) The plane passing through the point of sight, and perpendicular to the ground plane, and also to the picture. Vertical sash, a sash sliding up and down. Cf. French sash, under 3d Sash. Vertical steam engine, a steam engine having the crank shaft vertically above or below a vertical cylinder.

- astronomy, a vertical circle is a great circle on the celestial sphere that is perpendicular to the horizon. Therefore, it contains the vertical direction...

- plane Northing and easting Transverse plane Vertical and horizontal (radio propagation) Vertical circle Vertical position Zenith Hofmann-Wellenhof, B.; Moritz...

- horizontal axis must be perpendicular to the vertical axis. Vertical circle index adjustment. The vertical circle must read zero when the line of collimation...

- and various other graduated circles (see cir****ferentor) and semicircles (see graphometer) were used to obtain either vertical or horizontal angle measurements...

- In astronomy and astrology, the prime vertical is the vertical circle p****ing east and west through the zenith of a specific location, and intersecting...

- Reading the diagrams, a figure begins at the small solid circle and ends at the short vertical line. Inverted flight (negative g) is depicted by dashed...

- reducing them to vertical and horizontal components. These are called prin****l planes in which prin****l stresses are calculated; Mohr's circle can also be...

- measurements are used primarily in athletic circles to measure performance. The most common sports in which one's vertical jump is measured are high jump, netball...

- A circle is a shape consisting of all points in a plane that are a given distance from a given point, the centre; equivalently it is the curve traced out...

- and azimuth instrument for measuring vertical and horizontal angles, and in 1704, he combined a vertical circle with his transit instrument, so as to...

- plane Northing and easting Transverse plane Vertical and horizontal (radio propagation) Vertical circle Vertical position Zenith Hofmann-Wellenhof, B.; Moritz...

- horizontal axis must be perpendicular to the vertical axis. Vertical circle index adjustment. The vertical circle must read zero when the line of collimation...

- and various other graduated circles (see cir****ferentor) and semicircles (see graphometer) were used to obtain either vertical or horizontal angle measurements...

- In astronomy and astrology, the prime vertical is the vertical circle p****ing east and west through the zenith of a specific location, and intersecting...

- Reading the diagrams, a figure begins at the small solid circle and ends at the short vertical line. Inverted flight (negative g) is depicted by dashed...

- reducing them to vertical and horizontal components. These are called prin****l planes in which prin****l stresses are calculated; Mohr's circle can also be...

- measurements are used primarily in athletic circles to measure performance. The most common sports in which one's vertical jump is measured are high jump, netball...

- A circle is a shape consisting of all points in a plane that are a given distance from a given point, the centre; equivalently it is the curve traced out...

- and azimuth instrument for measuring vertical and horizontal angles, and in 1704, he combined a vertical circle with his transit instrument, so as to...

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