Definition of vitriol. Meaning of vitriol. Synonyms of vitriol
Here you will find one or more explanations in English for the word vitriol. Also in the bottom left of the page several parts of wikipedia pages related to the word vitriol and, of course, vitriol synonyms and on the right images related to the word vitriol.
Definition of vitriol
VitriolVitriol Vit"ri*ol, n. [F. vitriol; cf. Pr. vitriol, vetriol,
Sp. & Pg. vitriolo, It. vitriuolo; fr. L. vitreolus of glass,
vitreus vitreous. See Vitreous.] (Chem.)
(a) A sulphate of any one of certain metals, as copper, iron,
zinc, cobalt. So called on account of the glassy
appearance or luster.
(b) Sulphuric acid; -- called also oil of vitriol. So
called because first made by the distillation of green
vitriol. See Sulphuric acid, under Sulphuric.
Blue vitriol. See under Blue.
Green vitriol, ferrous sulphate; copperas. See under
Oil of vitriol, sulphuric or vitriolic acid; -- popularly
so called because it has the consistency of oil.
Red vitriol, a native sulphate of cobalt.
Vitriol of Mars, ferric sulphate, a white crystalline
substance which dissolves in water, forming a red
White vitriol, zinc sulphate, a white crystalline substance
used in medicine and in dyeing. It is usually obtained by
dissolving zinc in sulphuric acid, or by roasting and
oxidizing certain zinc ores. Formerly called also vitriol
of zinc. VitriolVitriol Vit"ri*ol, v. t. [imp. & p. p. -oledor -olled; p.
pr. & vb. n. -oling or -olling.] [From Vitriol, n.]
1. (Metal.) To dip in dilute sulphuric acid; to pickle.
2. To vitriolize. [Colloq.] vitriolSulphuric Sul*phu"ric, a. [Cf. F. sulfurique.]
1. Of or pertaining to sulphur; as, a sulphuric smell.
2. (Chem.) Derived from, or containing, sulphur;
specifically, designating those compounds in which the
element has a higher valence as contrasted with the
sulphurous compounds; as, sulphuric acid.
(a) Sulphur trioxide (see under Sulphur); -- formerly so
called on the dualistic theory of salts. [Obs.]
(b) A heavy, corrosive, oily liquid, H2SO4, colorless
when pure, but usually yellowish or brownish, produced
by the combined action of sulphur dioxide, oxygen
(from the air), steam, and nitric fumes. It attacks
and dissolves many metals and other intractable
substances, sets free most acids from their salts, and
is used in the manufacture of hydrochloric and nitric
acids, of soda, of bleaching powders, etc. It is also
powerful dehydrating agent, having a strong affinity
for water, and eating and corroding paper, wood,
clothing, etc. It is thus used in the manufacture of
ether, of imitation parchment, and of nitroglycerin.
It is also used in etching iron, in removing iron
scale from forgings, in petroleum refining, etc., and
in general its manufacture is the most important and
fundamental of all the chemical industries. Formerly
called vitriolic acid, and now popularly vitriol,
and oil of vitriol.
Fuming sulphuric acid, or Nordhausen sulphuric acid. See
Disulphuric acid, under Disulphuric.
Sulphuric anhydride, sulphur trioxide. See under Sulphur.
Sulphuric ether, common an[ae]sthetic ether; -- so called
because made by the catalytic action of sulphuric acid on
alcohol. See Ether, 3
Meaning of vitriol from wikipedia
- In chemistry, vitriol
is an archaic
name for a sulfate, and vitriol names
have the obvious
meaning: for example, vitriol
of lead is lead sulfate, and so...
- form. Older names
for this compound include
, bluestone, vitriol
of copper, and Roman vitriol
. The pentahydrate
(CuSO4·5H2O), the most commonly...
acid (alternative spelling sulphuric
acid), also known
, is a mineral
of the elements
and hydrogen, with...
applications. Known since ancient times
and as green vitriol
is an archaic
name for sulfate), the blue-green heptahydrate
- Diethyl ether
is simply called
"ether", but was once called sweet
oil of vitriol
. Methyl phenyl ether
is anisole, because
it was originally found
- My Vitriol
are a British alternative
rock band, formed
in 1999 in London. The band currently comprises singer
Som Wardner, drummer
- Acid throwing, also called
an acid attack, a vitriol attack
or vitriolage, is a form of violent
as the act of throwing
acid or a similarly...
- as well as any of three
hydrates. It was historically known
as "white vitriol
". All of the various forms
solids. The heptahydrate
- was synthesized
in 1540 by Valerius
Cordus, who called
it "sweet oil of vitriol
" (oleum dulce
vitrioli)—the name reflects
the fact that it is obtained...
- ISSN 1091-2339. Retrieved April
12, 2015. David
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