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Quantities

Quantity Quan"ti*ty, n.; pl. Quantities. [F. quantite, L. quantitas, fr. quantus bow great, how much, akin to quam bow, E. how, who. See Who.] 1. The attribute of being so much, and not more or less; the property of being measurable, or capable of increase and decrease, multiplication and division; greatness; and more concretely, that which answers the question ``How much?'; measure in regard to bulk or amount; determinate or comparative dimensions; measure; amount; bulk; extent; size. Hence, in specific uses: (a) (Logic) The extent or extension of a general conception, that is, the number of species or individuals to which it may be applied; also, its content or comprehension, that is, the number of its constituent qualities, attributes, or relations. (b) (Gram.) The measure of a syllable; that which determines the time in which it is pronounced; as, the long or short quantity of a vowel or syllable. (c) (Mus.) The relative duration of a tone. 2. That which can be increased, diminished, or measured; especially (Math.), anything to which mathematical processes are applicable. Note: Quantity is discrete when it is applied to separate objects, as in number; continuous, when the parts are connected, either in succession, as in time, motion, etc., or in extension, as by the dimensions of space, viz., length, breadth, and thickness. 3. A determinate or estimated amount; a sum or bulk; a certain portion or part; sometimes, a considerable amount; a large portion, bulk, or sum; as, a medicine taken in quantities, that is, in large quantities. The quantity of extensive and curious information which he had picked up during many months of desultory, but not unprofitable, study. --Macaulay. Quantity of estate (Law), its time of continuance, or degree of interest, as in fee, for life, or for years. --Wharton (Law Dict. ) Quantity of matter, in a body, its mass, as determined by its weight, or by its momentum under a given velocity. Quantity of motion (Mech.), in a body, the relative amount of its motion, as measured by its momentum, varying as the product of mass and velocity. Known quantities (Math.), quantities whose values are given. Unknown quantities (Math.), quantities whose values are sought.

Quantity Quan"ti*ty, n.; pl. Quantities. [F. quantite, L. quantitas, fr. quantus bow great, how much, akin to quam bow, E. how, who. See Who.] 1. The attribute of being so much, and not more or less; the property of being measurable, or capable of increase and decrease, multiplication and division; greatness; and more concretely, that which answers the question ``How much?'; measure in regard to bulk or amount; determinate or comparative dimensions; measure; amount; bulk; extent; size. Hence, in specific uses: (a) (Logic) The extent or extension of a general conception, that is, the number of species or individuals to which it may be applied; also, its content or comprehension, that is, the number of its constituent qualities, attributes, or relations. (b) (Gram.) The measure of a syllable; that which determines the time in which it is pronounced; as, the long or short quantity of a vowel or syllable. (c) (Mus.) The relative duration of a tone. 2. That which can be increased, diminished, or measured; especially (Math.), anything to which mathematical processes are applicable. Note: Quantity is discrete when it is applied to separate objects, as in number; continuous, when the parts are connected, either in succession, as in time, motion, etc., or in extension, as by the dimensions of space, viz., length, breadth, and thickness. 3. A determinate or estimated amount; a sum or bulk; a certain portion or part; sometimes, a considerable amount; a large portion, bulk, or sum; as, a medicine taken in quantities, that is, in large quantities. The quantity of extensive and curious information which he had picked up during many months of desultory, but not unprofitable, study. --Macaulay. Quantity of estate (Law), its time of continuance, or degree of interest, as in fee, for life, or for years. --Wharton (Law Dict. ) Quantity of matter, in a body, its mass, as determined by its weight, or by its momentum under a given velocity. Quantity of motion (Mech.), in a body, the relative amount of its motion, as measured by its momentum, varying as the product of mass and velocity. Known quantities (Math.), quantities whose values are given. Unknown quantities (Math.), quantities whose values are sought.

Quantities

Commensurable Com*men"su*ra*ble, a. [L. commensurabilis; pref. com- + mensurable. See Commensurate, and cf. Commeasurable.] Having a common measure; capable of being exactly measured by the same number, quantity, or measure. -- Com*men"su*ra*ble*ness, n. Commensurable numbers or quantities (Math.), those that can be exactly expressed by some common unit; thus a foot and yard are commensurable, since both can be expressed in terms of an inch, one being 12 inches, the other 36 inches. Numbers, or Quantities, commensurable in power, those whose squares are commensurable.

Commensurable Com*men"su*ra*ble, a. [L. commensurabilis; pref. com- + mensurable. See Commensurate, and cf. Commeasurable.] Having a common measure; capable of being exactly measured by the same number, quantity, or measure. -- Com*men"su*ra*ble*ness, n. Commensurable numbers or quantities (Math.), those that can be exactly expressed by some common unit; thus a foot and yard are commensurable, since both can be expressed in terms of an inch, one being 12 inches, the other 36 inches. Numbers, or Quantities, commensurable in power, those whose squares are commensurable.

quantities

Commensurable Com*men"su*ra*ble, a. [L. commensurabilis; pref. com- + mensurable. See Commensurate, and cf. Commeasurable.] Having a common measure; capable of being exactly measured by the same number, quantity, or measure. -- Com*men"su*ra*ble*ness, n. Commensurable numbers or quantities (Math.), those that can be exactly expressed by some common unit; thus a foot and yard are commensurable, since both can be expressed in terms of an inch, one being 12 inches, the other 36 inches. Numbers, or Quantities, commensurable in power, those whose squares are commensurable.

Commensurable Com*men"su*ra*ble, a. [L. commensurabilis; pref. com- + mensurable. See Commensurate, and cf. Commeasurable.] Having a common measure; capable of being exactly measured by the same number, quantity, or measure. -- Com*men"su*ra*ble*ness, n. Commensurable numbers or quantities (Math.), those that can be exactly expressed by some common unit; thus a foot and yard are commensurable, since both can be expressed in terms of an inch, one being 12 inches, the other 36 inches. Numbers, or Quantities, commensurable in power, those whose squares are commensurable.

- Quantity is a property that can exist as a multitude or magnitude, which illustrate discontinuity and continuity. Quantities can be compared in terms of...

- of other quantities. Base quantities are those quantities on the basis of which other quantities can be expressed. The seven base quantities of the International...

- has a dimension is time, measured in seconds. Quantities having dimension 1, dimensionless quantities, regularly occur in sciences, and are formally...

- he or she is bidding. The quantities may be measured in number, , area, volume, weight or time. Preparing a bill of quantities requires that the design...

- of quantity surveyor are as follows: Cost estimate, cost planning and cost management Tender management including preparation of bills of quantities, contract...

- systems have conserved quantities, and conserved quantities are not unique, since one can always apply a function to a conserved quantity, such as adding a...

- as lumen and watt, for other common physical quantities. The SI is based on a system of base quantities – time, length, m****, electric current, thermodynamic...

- some special properties that some of the quantities have, such as their scaling behavior (i.e. whether the quantity is intensive or extensive), their transformation...

- \theta } . Then g {\displaystyle g} is called a pivotal quantity (or simply a pivot). Pivotal quantities are commonly used for normalization to allow data from...

- probability theory and statistics, and measures information with several quantities of information. The choice of logarithmic base in the following formulae...

- of other quantities. Base quantities are those quantities on the basis of which other quantities can be expressed. The seven base quantities of the International...

- has a dimension is time, measured in seconds. Quantities having dimension 1, dimensionless quantities, regularly occur in sciences, and are formally...

- he or she is bidding. The quantities may be measured in number, , area, volume, weight or time. Preparing a bill of quantities requires that the design...

- of quantity surveyor are as follows: Cost estimate, cost planning and cost management Tender management including preparation of bills of quantities, contract...

- systems have conserved quantities, and conserved quantities are not unique, since one can always apply a function to a conserved quantity, such as adding a...

- as lumen and watt, for other common physical quantities. The SI is based on a system of base quantities – time, length, m****, electric current, thermodynamic...

- some special properties that some of the quantities have, such as their scaling behavior (i.e. whether the quantity is intensive or extensive), their transformation...

- \theta } . Then g {\displaystyle g} is called a pivotal quantity (or simply a pivot). Pivotal quantities are commonly used for normalization to allow data from...

- probability theory and statistics, and measures information with several quantities of information. The choice of logarithmic base in the following formulae...

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