Definition of Quantity of matter. Meaning of Quantity of matter. Synonyms of Quantity of matter

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Definition of Quantity of matter

Quantity of matter
Quantity Quan"ti*ty, n.; pl. Quantities. [F. quantite, L. quantitas, fr. quantus bow great, how much, akin to quam bow, E. how, who. See Who.] 1. The attribute of being so much, and not more or less; the property of being measurable, or capable of increase and decrease, multiplication and division; greatness; and more concretely, that which answers the question ``How much?'; measure in regard to bulk or amount; determinate or comparative dimensions; measure; amount; bulk; extent; size. Hence, in specific uses: (a) (Logic) The extent or extension of a general conception, that is, the number of species or individuals to which it may be applied; also, its content or comprehension, that is, the number of its constituent qualities, attributes, or relations. (b) (Gram.) The measure of a syllable; that which determines the time in which it is pronounced; as, the long or short quantity of a vowel or syllable. (c) (Mus.) The relative duration of a tone. 2. That which can be increased, diminished, or measured; especially (Math.), anything to which mathematical processes are applicable. Note: Quantity is discrete when it is applied to separate objects, as in number; continuous, when the parts are connected, either in succession, as in time, motion, etc., or in extension, as by the dimensions of space, viz., length, breadth, and thickness. 3. A determinate or estimated amount; a sum or bulk; a certain portion or part; sometimes, a considerable amount; a large portion, bulk, or sum; as, a medicine taken in quantities, that is, in large quantities. The quantity of extensive and curious information which he had picked up during many months of desultory, but not unprofitable, study. --Macaulay. Quantity of estate (Law), its time of continuance, or degree of interest, as in fee, for life, or for years. --Wharton (Law Dict. ) Quantity of matter, in a body, its mass, as determined by its weight, or by its momentum under a given velocity. Quantity of motion (Mech.), in a body, the relative amount of its motion, as measured by its momentum, varying as the product of mass and velocity. Known quantities (Math.), quantities whose values are given. Unknown quantities (Math.), quantities whose values are sought.

Meaning of Quantity of matter from wikipedia

- always has a dimension of L, no matter what units of length are chosen to express it. Two different units of the same physical quantity have conversion factors...
- Quantity or amount is a property that can exist as a multitude or magnitude, which illustrate discontinuity and continuity. Quantities can be compared...
- extensive quantity is one whose magnitude is additive for subsystems. Examples include m****, volume and entropy. Not all properties of matter fall into...
- distinguish m**** from simply a quantity of matter. As such, there is no single universally agreed scientific meaning of the word "matter". Scientifically, the...
- intrinsic property of a body. It was traditionally believed to be related to the quantity of matter in a body, until the discovery of the atom and particle...
- amount of substance of a system that contains 6.02214076×1023 specified elementary entities". International System of Quantities Quantity of matter Le Système...
- Temperature is a physical quantity that quantitatively expresses the attribute of hotness or coldness. Temperature is measured with a thermometer. It...
- in a system's rest frame, where the two quantities differ only by a multiplicative constant and the units of measurement. The principle is described by...
- in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. M**** is the quantity of matter in a physical body and a measure of the body's inertia. M**** or Maß may also refer to:...
- In physics, a state of matter is one of the distinct forms in which matter can exist. Four states of matter are observable in everyday life: solid, liquid...