Definition of Methyl alcohol. Meaning of Methyl alcohol. Synonyms of Methyl alcohol

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Definition of Methyl alcohol

Methyl alcohol
Methyl Meth"yl, n. [See Methylene.] (Chem.) A hydrocarbon radical, CH3, not existing alone but regarded as an essential residue of methane, and appearing as a component part of many derivatives; as, methyl alcohol, methyl ether, methyl amine, etc. [Formerly written also methule, methyle, etc.] Methyl alcohol (Chem.), a light, volatile, inflammable liquid, CH3.OH, obtained by the distillation of wood, and hence called wood spirit
methyl alcohol
Alcohol Al"co*hol ([a^]l"k[-o]*h[o^]l), n. [Cf. F. alcool, formerly written alcohol, Sp. alcohol alcohol, antimony, galena, OSp. alcofol; all fr. Ar. al-kohl a powder of antimony or galena, to paint the eyebrows with. The name was afterwards applied, on account of the fineness of this powder, to highly rectified spirits, a signification unknown in Arabia. The Sp. word has both meanings. Cf. Alquifou.] 1. An impalpable powder. [Obs.] 2. The fluid essence or pure spirit obtained by distillation. [Obs.] --Boyle. 3. Pure spirit of wine; pure or highly rectified spirit (called also ethyl alcohol); the spirituous or intoxicating element of fermented or distilled liquors, or more loosely a liquid containing it in considerable quantity. It is extracted by simple distillation from various vegetable juices and infusions of a saccharine nature, which have undergone vinous fermentation. Note: As used in the U. S. ``Pharmacop[oe]ia,' alcohol contains 91 per cent by weight of ethyl alcohol and 9 per cent of water; and diluted alcohol (proof spirit) contains 45.5 per cent by weight of ethyl alcohol and 54.5 per cent of water. 4. (Organic Chem.) A class of compounds analogous to vinic alcohol in constitution. Chemically speaking, they are hydroxides of certain organic radicals; as, the radical ethyl forms common or ethyl alcohol (C2H5.OH); methyl forms methyl alcohol (CH3.OH) or wood spirit; amyl forms amyl alcohol (C5H11.OH) or fusel oil, etc.

Meaning of Methyl alcohol from wikipedia

- Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol among others, is a chemical with the formula CH3OH (a methyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, often abbreviated...
- isopropyl alcohol, acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, and denatonium. In the United States, mixtures sold as denatured alcohol often have...
- 0.5% methyl salicylate. Under its alternative name of "wintergreen oil", methyl salicylate is a common additive to North American rubbing alcohol products...
- anesthetic effect. In tert-butyl alcohol, three methyl groups substitute for three hydrogen atoms in methanol, just as two methyl groups substitute for two hydrogen...
- "methylene", and was then applied to describe "methyl alcohol" (which since 1892 is called "methanol"). Methyl is the IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry...
- contexts, an alcohol is often called with the name of the corresponding alkyl group followed by the word "alcohol", e.g., methyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol. Propyl...
- tert-butyl alcohol. TAA is primarily produced by the hydration of 2-methyl-2-butene in the presence of an acidic catalyst. Fusel alcohols including TAA...
- Methanol (methyl alcohol), while poisonous (LD50 5628 mg/kg, oral, rat), has a much weaker sedative effect than ethanol. Isopropanol (isopropyl alcohol), oxidized...
- secondary alcohol, where the alcohol carbon atom is attached to two other carbon atoms. It is a structural isomer of 1-propanol and ethyl methyl ether. It...
- structural isomers of alcohols with molecular formula C5H12O: Three of these alcohols, active amyl alcohol (2-methylbutan-1-ol), methyl (n) propyl carbinol...
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