Definition of Fractional distillation. Meaning of Fractional distillation. Synonyms of Fractional distillation

Definition of Fractional distillation. Meaning of Fractional distillation. Synonyms of Fractional distillation

Here you will find one or more explanations in English for the word Fractional distillation. Also in the bottom left of the page several parts of wikipedia pages related to the word Fractional distillation and, of course, Fractional distillation synonyms and on the right images related to the word Fractional distillation.

Definition of Fractional distillation

Fractional distillation
Distillation Dis`til*la"tion, n. [F. distillation, L. destillatio.] 1. The act of falling in drops, or the act of pouring out in drops. 2. That which falls in drops. [R.] --Johnson 3. (Chem.) The separation of the volatile parts of a substance from the more fixed; specifically, the operation of driving off gas or vapor from volatile liquids or solids, by heat in a retort or still, and the condensation of the products as far as possible by a cool receiver, alembic, or condenser; rectification; vaporization; condensation; as, the distillation of illuminating gas and coal, of alcohol from sour mash, or of boric acid in steam. Note: The evaporation of water, its condensation into clouds, and its precipitation as rain, dew, frost, snow, or hail, is an illustration of natural distillation. 4. The substance extracted by distilling. --Shak. Destructive distillation (Chem.), the distillation, especially of complex solid substances, so that the ultimate constituents are separated or evolved in new compounds, -- usually requiring a high degree of heat; as, the destructive distillation of soft coal or of wood. Dry distillation, the distillation of substances by themselves, or without the addition of water or of other volatile solvent; as, the dry distillation of citric acid. Fractional distillation. (Chem.) See under Fractional.
Fractional distillation
Fractional Frac"tion*al, a. 1. Of or pertaining to fractions or a fraction; constituting a fraction; as, fractional numbers. 2. Relatively small; inconsiderable; insignificant; as, a fractional part of the population. Fractional crystallization (Chem.), a process of gradual and approximate purification and separation, by means of repeated solution and crystallization therefrom. Fractional currency, small coin, or paper notes, in circulation, of less value than the monetary unit. Fractional distillation (Chem.), a process of distillation so conducted that a mixture of liquids, differing considerably from each other in their boiling points, can be separated into its constituents.

Meaning of Fractional distillation from wikipedia

- Fractional distillation is the separation of a mixture into its component parts, or fractions. Chemical compounds are separated by heating them to a...
- it was described by the School of Salerno in the 12th century. Fractional distillation was developed by Tadeo Alderotti in the 13th century. A still was...
- Fractional freezing is a process used in process engineering and chemistry to separate substances with different melting points. It can be done by partial...
- called fractions. These fractions are the origin of the term fractional distillation or fractionation. It is often not worthwhile separating the components...
- In such a case it is not possible to separate the components by fractional distillation. There are two types of azeotropes: minimum boiling azeotrope and...
- close contact, achieving equilibrium more quickly. In a typical fractional distillation, a liquid mixture is heated in the distilling flask, and the resulting...
- apparatus Continuous distillation Fractionating column Fractional distillation Kugelrohr This article incorporates material from the Citizendium...
- rare inert gases. The most common method for air separation is fractional distillation. Cryogenic air separation units (ASUs) are built to provide nitrogen...
- distillation Batch distillation Distillation Extractive distillation Fractional distillation Heteroazeotrope Herbal distillates Hydrodistillation Laboratory...
- and technology. Mixtures of liquids and gases are separated by fractional distillation by difference in boiling point. Fractionation of components also...
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