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A vernataCankerworm Can"ker*worm`, n. (Zo["o]l.)
The larva of two species of geometrid moths which are very
injurious to fruit and shade trees by eating, and often
entirely destroying, the foliage. Other similar larv[ae] are
also called cankerworms.
Note: The autumnal species (Anisopteryx pometaria) becomes
adult late in autumn (after frosts) and in winter. The
spring species (A. vernata) remains in the ground
through the winter, and matures in early spring. Both
have winged males and wingless females. The larv[ae]
are similar in appearance and habits, and belong to the
family of measuring worms or spanworms. These larv[ae]
hatch from the eggs when the leaves begin to expand in
spring. Abies pectinataSilver Sil"ver, a.
1. Of or pertaining to silver; made of silver; as, silver
leaf; a silver cup.
2. Resembling silver. Specifically:
(a) Bright; resplendent; white. ``Silver hair.' --Shak.
Others, on silver lakes and rivers, bathed Their
downy breast. --Milton.
(b) Precious; costly.
(c) Giving a clear, ringing sound soft and clear. ``Silver
(d) Sweet; gentle; peaceful. ``Silver slumber.'
American silver fir (Bot.), the balsam fir. See under
Silver age (Roman Lit.), the latter part (a. d. 14-180) of
the classical period of Latinity, -- the time of writers
of inferior purity of language, as compared with those of
the previous golden age, so-called.
Silver-bell tree (Bot.), an American shrub or small tree
(Halesia tetraptera) with white bell-shaped flowers in
clusters or racemes; the snowdrop tree.
Silver bush (Bot.), a shrubby leguminous plant (Anthyllis
Barba-Jovis) of Southern Europe, having silvery foliage.
Silver chub (Zo["o]l.), the fallfish.
Silver eel. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) The cutlass fish.
(b) A pale variety of the common eel.
Silver fir (Bot.), a coniferous tree (Abies pectinata)
found in mountainous districts in the middle and south of
Europe, where it often grows to the height of 100 or 150
feet. It yields Burgundy pitch and Strasburg turpentine.
Silver foil, foil made of silver.
Silver fox (Zo["o]l.), a variety of the common fox (Vulpes
vulpes, variety argenteus) found in the northern parts
of Asia, Europe, and America. Its fur is nearly black,
with silvery tips, and is highly valued. Called also
black fox, and silver-gray fox.
Silver gar. (Zo["o]l.) See Billfish
Silver grain (Bot.), the lines or narrow plates of cellular
tissue which pass from the pith to the bark of an
exogenous stem; the medullary rays. In the wood of the oak
they are much larger than in that of the beech, maple,
pine, cherry, etc.
Silver grebe (Zo["o]l.), the red-throated diver. See
Illust. under Diver.
Silver hake (Zo["o]l.), the American whiting.
Silver leaf, leaves or sheets made of silver beaten very
Silver lunge (Zo["o]l.), the namaycush.
Silver moonfish.(Zo["o]l.) See Moonfish
Silver moth (Zo["o]l.), a lepisma.
Silver owl (Zo["o]l.), the barn owl.
Silver perch (Zo["o]l.), the mademoiselle, 2.
Silver pheasant (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of
beautiful crested and long-tailed Asiatic pheasants, of
the genus Euplocamus. They have the tail and more or
less of the upper parts silvery white. The most common
species (E. nychtemerus) is native of China.
Silver plate, domestic utensils made of silver. Abies pectinataAbietite Ab"i*e*tite, n. (Chem.)
A substance resembling mannite, found in the needles of the
common silver fir of Europe (Abies pectinata). --Eng. Cyc. Alcelaphus lunataSassaby Sas"sa*by, Sassabye Sas"sa*bye, n. (Zo["o]l.)
A large African antelope (Alcelaphus lunata), similar to
the hartbeest, but having its horns regularly curved.
Antenatal An`te*na"tal, a.
Before birth. --Shelley.
Bidens bipinnataSpanish Span"ish, a.
Of or pertaining to Spain or the Spaniards.
Spanish bayonet (Bot.), a liliaceous plant (Yucca
alorifolia) with rigid spine-tipped leaves. The name is
also applied to other similar plants of the Southwestern
United States and mexico. Called also Spanish daggers.
Spanish bean (Bot.) See the Note under Bean.
Spanish black, a black pigment obtained by charring cork.
Spanish broom (Bot.), a leguminous shrub (Spartium
junceum) having many green flexible rushlike twigs.
Spanish brown, a species of earth used in painting, having
a dark reddish brown color, due to the presence of
sesquioxide of iron.
Spanish buckeye (Bot.), a small tree (Ungnadia speciosa)
of Texas, New Mexico, etc., related to the buckeye, but
having pinnate leaves and a three-seeded fruit.
Spanish burton (Naut.), a purchase composed of two single
blocks. A double Spanish burton has one double and two
single blocks. --Luce (Textbook of Seamanship).
Spanish chalk (Min.), a kind of steatite; -- so called
because obtained from Aragon in Spain.
Spanish cress (Bot.), a cruciferous plant (lepidium
Cadamines), a species of peppergrass.
Spanish curiew (Zo["o]l.), the long-billed curlew. [U.S.]
Spanish daggers (Bot.) See Spanish bayonet.
Spanish elm (Bot.), a large West Indian tree (Cordia
Gerascanthus) furnishing hard and useful timber.
Spanish feretto, a rich reddish brown pigment obtained by
calcining copper and sulphur together in closed crucibles.
Spanish flag (Zo["o]l.), the California rockfish
(Sebastichthys rubrivinctus). It is conspicuously
colored with bands of red and white.
Spanish fly (Zo["o]l.), a brilliant green beetle, common in
the south of Europe, used for raising blisters. See
Blister beetle under Blister, and Cantharis.
Spanish fox (Naut.), a yarn twisted against its lay.
Spanish grass. (Bot.) See Esparto.
Spanish juice (Bot.), licorice.
Spanish leather. See Cordwain.
Spanish mackerel. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) A species of mackerel (Scomber colias) found both in
Europe and America. In America called chub mackerel,
big-eyed mackerel, and bull mackerel.
(b) In the United States, a handsome mackerel having bright
yellow round spots (Scomberomorus maculatus), highly
esteemed as a food fish. The name is sometimes
erroneously applied to other species. See Illust. under
Spanish main, the name formerly given to the southern
portion of the Caribbean Sea, together with the contiguous
coast, embracing the route traversed by Spanish treasure
ships from the New to the Old World.
Spanish moss. (Bot.) See Tillandsia.
Spanish needles (Bot.), a composite weed (Bidens
bipinnata) having achenia armed with needlelike awns.
Spanish nut (Bot.), a bulbous plant (Iris Sisyrinchium)
of the south of Europe.
Spanish potato (Bot.), the sweet potato. See under
Spanish red, an ocherous red pigment resembling Venetian
red, but slightly yellower and warmer. --Fairholt.
Spanish reef (Naut.), a knot tied in the head of a
Spanish sheep (Zo["o]l.), a merino.
Spanish white, an impalpable powder prepared from chalk by
pulverizing and repeated washings, -- used as a white
Spanish windlass (Naut.), a wooden roller, with a rope
wound about it, into which a marline spike is thrust to
serve as a lever. Caesalpinia echinataLima Li"ma (l[=e]"m[.a] or l[imac]"m[.a]), n.
The capital city of Peru, in South America.
Lima bean. (Bot.)
(a) A variety of climbing or pole bean (Phaseolus lunatus),
which has very large flattish seeds.
(b) The seed of this plant, much used for food.
Lima wood (Bot.), the beautiful dark wood of the South
American tree C[ae]salpinia echinata. Caesalpinia echinataBrazil wood Bra*zil" wood` [OE. brasil, LL. brasile (cf. Pg. &
Sp. brasil, Pr. bresil, Pr. bresil); perh. from Sp. or Pg.
brasa a live coal (cf. Braze, Brasier); or Ar. vars plant
for dyeing red or yellow. This name was given to the wood
from its color; and it is said that King Emanuel, of
Portugal, gave the name Brazil to the country in South
America on account of its producing this wood.]
1. The wood of the oriental C[ae]salpinia Sapan; -- so
called before the discovery of America.
2. A very heavy wood of a reddish color, imported from Brazil
and other tropical countries, for cabinet-work, and for
dyeing. The best is the heartwood of C[ae]salpinia
echinata, a leguminous tree; but other trees also yield
it. An inferior sort comes from Jamaica, the timber of C.
Braziliensis and C. crista. This is often distinguished
as Braziletto, but the better kind is also frequently so
named. CarbonatationCarbonatation Car`bon*a*ta"tion, n. [From Carbonate.] (Sugar
The saturation of defecated beet juice with carbonic acid
gas. --Knight. CarinataeCarinatae Car`i*na"t[ae], n. pl. [NL., Fem. pl. fr. L.
carinatus. See Carinate.]
A grand division of birds, including all existing flying
birds; -- So called from the carina or keel on the
breastbone. Cola acuminataCola nut Cola nut, Cola seed Cola seed . (Bot.)
The bitter fruit of Cola acuminata, which is nearly as
large as a chestnut, and furnishes a stimulant, which is used
in medicine. Colibrina reclinata Naked bed, a bed the occupant of which is naked, no night
linen being worn in ancient times. --Shak.
Naked eye, the eye alone, unaided by glasses, or by
telescope, microscope, or the like.
Naked-eyed medusa. (Zo["o]l.) See Hydromedusa.
Naked flooring (Carp.), the timberwork which supports a
Naked mollusk (Zo["o]l.), a nudibranch.
Naked wood (Bot.), a large rhamnaceous tree (Colibrina
reclinata) of Southern Florida and the West Indies,
having a hard and heavy heartwood, which takes a fine
polish. --C. S. Sargent.
Syn: Nude; bare; denuded; uncovered; unclothed; exposed;
unarmed; plain; defenseless. ConsignataryConsignatary Con*sig"na*ta*ry, n. [Cf. Consignitary.]
A consignee. [Obs.] --Jenkins. D coronataWarbler War"bler, n.
1. One who, or that which, warbles; a singer; a songster; --
applied chiefly to birds.
In lulling strains the feathered warblers woo.
2. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of small Old World
singing birds belonging to the family Sylviid[ae], many
of which are noted songsters. The bluethroat, blackcap,
reed warbler (see under Reed), and sedge warbler (see
under Sedge) are well-known species.
3. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of small, often
bright colored, American singing birds of the family or
subfamily Mniotiltid[ae], or Sylvicolin[ae]. They are
allied to the Old World warblers, but most of them are not
Note: The American warblers are often divided, according to
their habits, into bush warblers, creeping warblers,
fly-catching warblers, ground warblers, wood warblers,
wormeating warblers, etc.
Bush warbler (Zo["o]l.) any American warbler of the genus
Opornis, as the Connecticut warbler (O. agilis).
Creeping warbler (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of
very small American warblers belonging to Parula,
Mniotilta, and allied genera, as the blue yellow-backed
warbler (Parula Americana), and the black-and-white
creeper (Mniotilta varia).
Fly-catching warbler (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species
of warblers belonging to Setophaga, Sylvania, and
allied genera having the bill hooked and notched at the
tip, with strong rictal bristles at the base, as the
hooded warbler (Sylvania mitrata), the black-capped
warbler (S. pusilla), the Canadian warbler (S.
Canadensis), and the American redstart (see Redstart).
Ground warbler (Zo["o]l.), any American warbler of the
genus Geothlypis, as the mourning ground warbler (G.
Philadelphia), and the Maryland yellowthroat (see
Wood warbler (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous American
warblers of the genus Dendroica. Among the most common
wood warblers in the Eastern States are the yellowbird, or
yellow warbler (see under Yellow), the black-throated
green warbler (Dendroica virens), the yellow-rumped
warbler (D. coronata), the blackpoll (D. striata), the
bay-breasted warbler (D. castanea), the chestnut-sided
warbler (D. Pennsylvanica), the Cape May warbler (D.
tigrina), the prairie warbler (see under Prairie), and
the pine warbler (D. pinus). See also Magnolia
warbler, under Magnolia, and Blackburnian warbler. DonataryDonatary Don"a*ta*ry, n.
See Donatory. EnatationEnatation E`na*ta"tion, n. [L. enatare to swim out. See
A swimming out. [Obs.] --Bailey. G coronataGoura Gou"ra, n. (Zo["o]l.)
One of several species of large, crested ground pigeons of
the genus Goura, inhabiting New Guinea and adjacent
islands. The Queen Victoria pigeon (Goura Victoria) and the
crowned pigeon (G. coronata) are among the beat known
species. Isonandra acuminataPachonta Pa*chon"ta, n. (Bot.)
A substance resembling gutta-percha, and used to adulterate
it, obtained from the East Indian tree Isonandra acuminata. L antennataPinion Pin"ion, n. (Zo["o]l.)
A moth of the genus Lithophane, as L. antennata, whose
larva bores large holes in young peaches and apples. Leucothoe acuminataPipewood Pipe"wood`, n.
An ericaceous shrub (Leucotho["e] acuminata) of the
southern United States, from the wood of which pipe bowls are
made. M acuminataMagnolia Mag*no"li*a, n. [NL. Named after Pierre Magnol,
professor of botany at Montpellier, France, in the 17th
A genus of American and Asiatic trees, with aromatic bark and
large sweet-scented whitish or reddish flowers.
Note: Magnolia grandiflora has coriaceous shining leaves
and very fragrant blossoms. It is common from North
Carolina to Florida and Texas, and is one of the most
magnificent trees of the American forest. The sweet bay
(M. glauca)is a small tree found sparingly as far
north as Cape Ann. Other American species are M.
Umbrella, M. macrophylla, M. Fraseri, M.
acuminata, and M. cordata. M. conspicua and M.
purpurea are cultivated shrubs or trees from Eastern
Asia. M. Campbellii, of India, has rose-colored or
Magnolia warbler (Zo["o]l.), a beautiful North American
wood warbler (Dendroica maculosa). The rump and under
parts are bright yellow; the breast and belly are spotted
with black; the under tail coverts are white; the crown is
ash. M acuminataCucumber Cu"cum*ber (k?`k?m-b?r, formerly kou"k?m-b?r), n.[OE.
cucumer, cocumber, cucumber, fr. L. cucmis, gen. cucumeris;
cf. OF. cocombre,F. concombre.] (Bot.)
A creeping plant, and its fruit, of several species of the
genus Cucumis, esp. Cucumis sativus, the unripe fruit of
which is eaten either fresh or picked. Also, similar plants
or fruits of several other genera. See below.
Bitter cucumber (Bot.), the Citrullus or Cucumis
Colocynthis. See Colocynth.
Cucumber beetle. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) A small, black flea-beetle (Crepidodera cucumeris),
which destroys the leaves of cucumber, squash, and melon
(b) The squash beetle.
(a) A large ornamental or shade tree of the genus Magnolia
(M. acuminata), so called from a slight resemblance of
its young fruit to a small cucumber.
(b) An East Indian plant (Averrhoa Bilimbi) which produces
the fruit known as bilimbi.
Jamaica cucumber, Jerusalem cucumber, the prickly-fruited
gherkin (Cucumis Anguria).
Snake cucumber, a species (Cucumis flexuosus) remarkable
for its long, curiously-shaped fruit.
Squirting cucumber, a plant (Ecbalium Elaterium) whose
small oval fruit separates from the footstalk when ripe
and expels its seeds and juice with considerable force
through the opening thus made. See Elaterium.
Star cucumber, a climbing weed (Sicyos angulatus) with
prickly fruit. Microchaera albocoronataSnowcap Snow"cap`, n. (Zo["o]l.)
A very small humming bird (Microch[ae]ra albocoronata)
native of New Grenada.
Note: The feathers of the top of the head are white and
snining, the body blue black with a purple and bronzy
luster. The name is applied also to Microch[ae]ra
parvirostris of Central America, which is similar in
color. Natal boilNatal boil Na*tal" boil (Med.)
= Aleppo boil. NataloinNataloin Na*tal"o*in, n. [From Natal aloes.] (Chem.)
A bitter crystalline substance constituting the essential
principle of Natal aloes. Cf. Aloon.
Natant Na"tant, a. [L. natans, -antis, from swim, v. intens.
fr. nare to swim: cf. F. natant.]
1. (Bot.) Floating in water, as the leaves of water lilies,
or submersed, as those of many aquatic plants.
2. (Her.) Placed horizontally across the field, as if
swimmimg toward the dexter side; said of all sorts of
fishes except the flying fish.
Natantly Na"tant*ly, adv.
In a floating manner; swimmingly.
NatationNatation Na*ta"tion, n. [L. natatio, fr. natare to swim: cf.
F. natation. See Natant.]
The act of floating on the water; swimming. --Sir T. Browne.
Natatores Na`ta*to"res, n. pl. [L. natator a swimmer.]
The swimming birds.
Note: They were formerly united into one order, which is now
considered an artifical group.