Definition of specular iron. Meaning of specular iron. Synonyms of specular iron
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Definition of specular iron
Specular ironIron I"ron ([imac]"[u^]rn), n. [OE. iren, AS. [=i]ren,
[=i]sen, [=i]sern; akin to D. ijzer, OS. [=i]sarn, OHG.
[=i]sarn, [=i]san, G. eisen, Icel. [=i]sarn, j[=a]rn, Sw. &
Dan. jern, and perh. to E. ice; cf. Ir. iarann, W. haiarn,
1. (Chem.) The most common and most useful metallic element,
being of almost universal occurrence, usually in the form
of an oxide (as hematite, magnetite, etc.), or a hydrous
oxide (as limonite, turgite, etc.). It is reduced on an
enormous scale in three principal forms; viz., cast iron,
steel, and wrought iron. Iron usually appears dark brown,
from oxidation or impurity, but when pure, or on a fresh
surface, is a gray or white metal. It is easily oxidized
(rusted) by moisture, and is attacked by many corrosive
agents. Symbol Fe (Latin Ferrum). Atomic weight 55.9.
Specific gravity, pure iron, 7.86; cast iron, 7.1. In
magnetic properties, it is superior to all other
Note: The value of iron is largely due to the facility with
which it can be worked. Thus, when heated it is
malleable and ductile, and can be easily welded and
forged at a high temperature. As cast iron, it is
easily fusible; as steel, is very tough, and (when
tempered) very hard and elastic. Chemically, iron is
grouped with cobalt and nickel. Steel is a variety of
iron containing more carbon than wrought iron, but less
that cast iron. It is made either from wrought iron, by
roasting in a packing of carbon (cementation) or from
cast iron, by burning off the impurities in a Bessemer
converter (then called Bessemer steel), or directly
from the iron ore (as in the Siemens rotatory and
2. An instrument or utensil made of iron; -- chiefly in
composition; as, a flatiron, a smoothing iron, etc.
My young soldier, put up your iron. --Shak.
3. pl. Fetters; chains; handcuffs; manacles.
Four of the sufferers were left to rot in irons.
4. Strength; power; firmness; inflexibility; as, to rule with
a rod of iron.
Bar iron. See Wrought iron (below).
Bog iron, bog ore; limonite. See Bog ore, under Bog.
Cast iron (Metal.), an impure variety of iron, containing
from three to six percent of carbon, part of which is
united with a part of the iron, as a carbide, and the rest
is uncombined, as graphite. It there is little free
carbon, the product is white iron; if much of the carbon
has separated as graphite, it is called gray iron. See
also Cast iron, in the Vocabulary.
Fire irons. See under Fire, n.
Gray irons. See under Fire, n.
Gray iron. See Cast iron (above).
It irons (Naut.), said of a sailing vessel, when, in
tacking, she comes up head to the wind and will not fill
away on either tack.
Magnetic iron. See Magnetite.
Malleable iron (Metal.), iron sufficiently pure or soft to
be capable of extension under the hammer; also, specif., a
kind of iron produced by removing a portion of the carbon
or other impurities from cast iron, rendering it less
brittle, and to some extent malleable.
Meteoric iron (Chem.), iron forming a large, and often the
chief, ingredient of meteorites. It invariably contains a
small amount of nickel and cobalt. Cf. Meteorite.
Pig iron, the form in which cast iron is made at the blast
furnace, being run into molds, called pigs.
Reduced iron. See under Reduced.
Specular iron. See Hematite.
Too many irons in the fire, too many objects requiring the
attention at once.
White iron. See Cast iron (above).
Wrought iron (Metal.), the purest form of iron commonly
known in the arts, containing only about half of one per
cent of carbon. It is made either directly from the ore,
as in the Catalan forge or bloomery, or by purifying
(puddling) cast iron in a reverberatory furnace or
refinery. It is tough, malleable, and ductile. When formed
into bars, it is called bar iron. specular ironHematite Hem"a*tite, n. [L. haematites, Gr. ? bloodlike, fr.
a"i^ma, a"i`matos, blood.] (Min.)
An important ore of iron, the sesquioxide, so called because
of the red color of the powder. It occurs in splendent
rhombohedral crystals, and in massive and earthy forms; --
the last called red ocher. Called also specular iron,
oligist iron, rhombohedral iron ore, and bloodstone.
See Brown hematite, under Brown.
Meaning of specular iron from wikipedia
- as the main ore of iron
. Varieties include kidney
rose and specularite
", German: Spiegel—mirror or specular
) is a ferromanganese alloy containing approximately
to fabricate cellulose nanocrystals films
with tuneable specular
and off-specular optical response Voice
coil Retail media
on June 12, 2012. Ironclad's Iron Engine supports
of advanced features including
lighting, dynamic fractal
mine, had an extensive concession estimated
more than 4 million
tons of iron
part of Belo Horizonte, Brazil, to a high-grade, m****ive specular hematite
ore (66% iron
) ****ociated with a schistose
- of the detailed physical characteristics
of the original
light, called specular
reflection. This is different
- was superior
to that of the Fitzroy
Iron Works. The iron
as, "Specular hematite
quality". It was noted
(February 25, 2011). "Exclusive Stream: Between
And Me's 'Specular
Press. Retrieved March
3, 2011. MetalSucks
mine. The site was known
Man for its deposits
of red and specular
haematite, used in cosmetics
and rituals. Red ochre
from here was extracted...
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