Definition of Temperament. Meaning of Temperament. Synonyms of Temperament

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Definition of Temperament

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Attemperament
Attemperament At*tem"per*a*ment, n. [OF. attemprement.] A tempering, or mixing in due proportion.
Bilious temperament
Bilious Bil"ious (b[i^]l"y[u^]s), a. [L. biliosus, fr. bilis bile.] 1. Of or pertaining to the bile. 2. Disordered in respect to the bile; troubled with an excess of bile; as, a bilious patient; dependent on, or characterized by, an excess of bile; as, bilious symptoms. 3. Choleric; passionate; ill tempered. ``A bilious old nabob.' --Macaulay. Bilious temperament. See Temperament.
Equal temperament
6. (Physiol.) The peculiar physical and mental character of an individual, in olden times erroneously supposed to be due to individual variation in the relations and proportions of the constituent parts of the body, especially of the fluids, as the bile, blood, lymph, etc. Hence the phrases, bilious or choleric temperament, sanguine temperament, etc., implying a predominance of one of these fluids and a corresponding influence on the temperament. Equal temperament (Mus.), that in which the variations from mathematically true pitch are distributed among all the keys alike. Unequal temperament (Mus.), that in which the variations are thrown into the keys least used.
Equal temperament
Equal E"qual, a. [L. aequalis, fr. aequus even, equal; akin to Skr. ?ka, and perh. to L. unus for older oinos one, E. one.] 1. Agreeing in quantity, size, quality, degree, value, etc.; having the same magnitude, the same value, the same degree, etc.; -- applied to number, degree, quantity, and intensity, and to any subject which admits of them; neither inferior nor superior, greater nor less, better nor worse; corresponding; alike; as, equal quantities of land, water, etc.; houses of equal size; persons of equal stature or talents; commodities of equal value. 2. Bearing a suitable relation; of just proportion; having competent power, abilities, or means; adequate; as, he is not equal to the task. The Scots trusted not their own numbers as equal to fight with the English. --Clarendon. It is not permitted to me to make my commendations equal to your merit. --Dryden. Whose voice an equal messenger Conveyed thy meaning mild. --Emerson. 3. Not variable; equable; uniform; even; as, an equal movement. ``An equal temper.' --Dryden. 4. Evenly balanced; not unduly inclining to either side; characterized by fairness; unbiased; impartial; equitable; just. Are not my ways equal? --Ezek. xviii. 29. Thee, O Jove, no equal judge I deem. --Spenser. Nor think it equal to answer deliberate reason with sudden heat and noise. --Milton. 5. Of the same interest or concern; indifferent. They who are not disposed to receive them may let them alone or reject them; it is equal to me. --Cheyne. 6. (Mus.) Intended for voices of one kind only, either all male or all female; -- opposed to mixed. [R.] 7. (Math.) Exactly agreeing with respect to quantity. Equal temperament. (Mus.) See Temperament. Syn: Even; equable; uniform; adequate; proportionate; commensurate; fair; just; equitable.
Lymphatic temperament
Lymphatic Lym*phat"ic, a. [L. lymphaticus distracted, frantic: cf. F. lymphatique] pertaining to, containing, or conveying lymph. 2. Madly enthusiastic; frantic. [Obs.] `` Lymphatic rapture. ' --Sir T. Herbert. [See Lymphate.] Lymphatic gland (Anat.), one of the solid glandlike bodies connected with the lymphatics or the lacteals; -- called also lymphatic ganglion, and conglobate gland. Lymphatic temperament (Old Physiol.), a temperament in which the lymphatic system seems to predominate, that is, a system in which the complexion lacks color and the tissues seem to be of loose texture; hence, a temperament lacking energy, inactive, indisposed to exertion or excitement. See Temperament.
Nervous temperament
Our aristocratic class does not firmly protest against the unfair treatment of Irish Catholics, because it is nervous about the land. --M. Arnold. Nervous fever (Med.), a low form of fever characterized by great disturbance of the nervous system, as evinced by delirium, or stupor, disordered sensibility, etc. Nervous system (Anat.), the specialized co["o]rdinating apparatus which endows animals with sensation and volition. In vertebrates it is often divided into three systems: the central, brain and spinal cord; the peripheral, cranial and spinal nerves; and the sympathetic. See Brain, Nerve, Spinal cord, under Spinal, and Sympathetic system, under Sympathetic, and Illust. in Appendix. Nervous temperament, a condition of body characterized by a general predominance of mental manifestations. --Mayne.
Phlegmatic temperament
Phlegmatic Phleg*mat"ic, a. [L. phlegmaticus, Gr. ?: cf. F. phlegmatique.] 1. Watery. [Obs.] ``Aqueous and phlegmatic.' --Sir I. Newton. 2. Abounding in phlegm; as, phlegmatic humors; a phlegmatic constitution. --Harvey. 3. Generating or causing phlegm. ``Cold and phlegmatic habitations.' --Sir T. Browne. 4. Not easily excited to action or passion; cold; dull; sluggish; heavy; as, a phlegmatic person. --Addison. Phlegmatic temperament (Old Physiol.), lymphatic temperament. See under Lymphatic.
Temperamental
Temperamental Tem`per*a*men"tal, a. Of or pertaining to temperament; constitutional. [R.] --Sir T. Browne.
Unequal temperament
6. (Physiol.) The peculiar physical and mental character of an individual, in olden times erroneously supposed to be due to individual variation in the relations and proportions of the constituent parts of the body, especially of the fluids, as the bile, blood, lymph, etc. Hence the phrases, bilious or choleric temperament, sanguine temperament, etc., implying a predominance of one of these fluids and a corresponding influence on the temperament. Equal temperament (Mus.), that in which the variations from mathematically true pitch are distributed among all the keys alike. Unequal temperament (Mus.), that in which the variations are thrown into the keys least used.

Meaning of Temperament from wikipedia

- In psychology, temperament broadly refers to consistent individual differences in behavior that are biologically based and are relatively independent...
- The four temperament theory is a proto-psychological theory which suggests that there are four fundamental personality types: sanguine, choleric, melancholic...
- An equal temperament is a musical temperament or tuning system, which approximates just intervals by dividing an octave (or other interval) into equal...
- In musical tuning, a temperament is a tuning system that slightly compromises the pure intervals of just intonation to meet other requirements. Most modern...
- The Idealist temperament is one of four temperaments defined by David Keirsey. Correlating with the NF (intuitive–feeling) Myers-Briggs types, the Idealist...
- Hyperthymic temperament, or hyperthymia, from Ancient Gr**** ὑπέρ ("over", meaning here excessive) + θυμός ("spirited"), is a proposed personality type...
- Well temperament (also good temperament, circular or circulating temperament) is a type of tempered tuning described in 20th-century music theory. The...
- The Guardian temperament is one of four temperaments defined by David Keirsey. Correlating with the SJ (sensing–judging) Myers–Briggs types, the Guardian...
- Meantone temperament is a musical temperament, that is a tuning system, obtained by slightly compromising the fifths in order to improve the thirds. Meantone...
- The Artisan temperament is one of four temperaments defined by David Keirsey. Correlating with the SP (sensing–perceiving) Myers-Briggs types, the Artisan...
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