Definition of Sodium chloride. Meaning of Sodium chloride. Synonyms of Sodium chloride

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Definition of Sodium chloride

Sodium chloride
Sodium So"di*um, n. [NL., fr.E. soda.] (Chem.) A common metallic element of the alkali group, in nature always occuring combined, as in common salt, in albite, etc. It is isolated as a soft, waxy, white, unstable metal, so readily oxidized that it combines violently with water, and to be preserved must be kept under petroleum or some similar liquid. Sodium is used combined in many salts, in the free state as a reducer, and as a means of obtaining other metals (as magnesium and aluminium) is an important commercial product. Symbol Na (Natrium). Atomic weight 23. Specific gravity 0.97. Sodium amalgam, an alloy of sodium and mercury, usually produced as a gray metallic crystalline substance, which is used as a reducing agent, and otherwise. Sodium bicarbonate, a white crystalline substance, HNaCO3, with a slight alkaline taste resembling that of sodium carbonate. It is found in many mineral springs and also produced artificially,. It is used in cookery, in baking powders, and as a source of carbonic acid gas (carbon dioxide) for soda water. Called also cooking soda, saleratus, and technically, acid sodium carbonate, primary sodium carbonate, sodium dicarbonate, etc. Sodium carbonate, a white crystalline substance, Na2CO3.10H2O, having a cooling alkaline taste, found in the ashes of many plants, and produced artifically in large quantities from common salt. It is used in making soap, glass, paper, etc., and as alkaline agent in many chemical industries. Called also sal soda, washing soda, or soda. Cf. Sodium bicarbonate, above and Trona. Sodium chloride, common, or table, salt, NaCl. Sodium hydroxide, a white opaque brittle solid, NaOH, having a fibrous structure, produced by the action of quicklime, or of calcium hydrate (milk of lime), on sodium carbonate. It is a strong alkali, and is used in the manufacture of soap, in making wood pulp for paper, etc. Called also sodium hydrate, and caustic soda. By extension, a solution of sodium hydroxide.

Meaning of Sodium chloride from wikipedia

- Sodium chloride /ˌsoʊdiəm ˈklɔːraɪd/, commonly known as salt (though sea salt also contains other chemical salts), is an ionic compound with the chemical...
- quantities from sodium chloride and limestone by the Solvay process. Sodium carbonate is obtained as three hydrates and as the anhydrous salt: sodium carbonate...
- The sodium-chloride symporter (also known as Na+-Cl− cotransporter, NCC or NCCT, or as the thiazide-sensitive Na+-Cl− cotransporter or TSC) is a cotransporter...
- Saline, also known as saline solution, is a mixture of sodium chloride in water and has a number of uses in medicine. Applied to the affected area it...
- a compound such as hydrogen chloride is dissolved in water or other polar solvents. Chloride salts such as sodium chloride are often very soluble in water...
- mineral sylvite, and in combination with sodium chloride as sylvinite. The majority of the pot****ium chloride produced is used for making fertilizer, called...
- known as sodium lactate solution and Hartmann's solution, is a mixture of sodium chloride, sodium lactate, pot****ium chloride, and calcium chloride in water...
- in soap manufacture, and sodium chloride (edible salt) is a de-icing agent and a nutrient for animals including humans. Sodium is an essential element...
- forming sodium chlorate and sodium chloride: 3 NaOCl (aq) → 2 NaCl (aq) + NaClO 3 (aq) This reaction is exploited in the industrial production of sodium chlorate...
- a high intake of sodium chloride while maintaining a similar taste. The leading representatives of salt substitutes are non-sodium table salts – a replacement...
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