Definition of Philosophies. Meaning of Philosophies. Synonyms of Philosophies

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Definition of Philosophies

Philosophies
Philosophy Phi*los"o*phy, n.; pl. Philosophies. [OE. philosophie, F. philosophie, L. philosophia, from Gr. ?. See Philosopher.] 1. Literally, the love of, including the search after, wisdom; in actual usage, the knowledge of phenomena as explained by, and resolved into, causes and reasons, powers and laws. Note: When applied to any particular department of knowledge, philosophy denotes the general laws or principles under which all the subordinate phenomena or facts relating to that subject are comprehended. Thus philosophy, when applied to God and the divine government, is called theology; when applied to material objects, it is called physics; when it treats of man, it is called anthropology and psychology, with which are connected logic and ethics; when it treats of the necessary conceptions and relations by which philosophy is possible, it is called metaphysics. Note: ``Philosophy has been defined: tionscience of things divine and human, and the causes in which they are contained; -- the science of effects by their causes; -- the science of sufficient reasons; -- the science of things possible, inasmuch as they are possible; -- the science of things evidently deduced from first principles; -- the science of truths sensible and abstract; -- the application of reason to its legitimate objects; -- the science of the relations of all knowledge to the necessary ends of human reason; -- the science of the original form of the ego, or mental self; -- the science of science; -- the science of the absolute; -- the scienceof the absolute indifference of the ideal and real.' --Sir W. Hamilton. 2. A particular philosophical system or theory; the hypothesis by which particular phenomena are explained. [Books] of Aristotle and his philosophie. --Chaucer. We shall in vain interpret their words by the notions of our philosophy and the doctrines in our school. --Locke. 3. Practical wisdom; calmness of temper and judgment; equanimity; fortitude; stoicism; as, to meet misfortune with philosophy. Then had he spent all his philosophy. --Chaucer. 4. Reasoning; argumentation. Of good and evil much they argued then, . . . Vain wisdom all, and false philosophy. --Milton. 5. The course of sciences read in the schools. --Johnson. 6. A treatise on philosophy. Philosophy of the Academy, that of Plato, who taught his disciples in a grove in Athens called the Academy. Philosophy of the Garden, that of Epicurus, who taught in a garden in Athens. Philosophy of the Lyceum, that of Aristotle, the founder of the Peripatetic school, who delivered his lectures in the Lyceum at Athens. Philosophy of the Porch, that of Zeno and the Stoics; -- so called because Zeno of Citium and his successors taught in the porch of the Poicile, a great hall in Athens.

Meaning of Philosophies from wikipedia

- philosophy ****anese philosophy - Jewish philosophy - Juche - Judeo-Islamic philosophies (800–1400) - Just war theory Kantianism - Korean philosophy Legalism -...
- ISBN 978-0-86316-282-4 Smart, Ninian. World Philosophies. ISBN 978-0-415-22852-7 Copleston, Frederick. Philosophy in Russia: From Herzen to Lenin and Berdyaev...
- Charvaka and Ājīvika did not. Ancient and medieval era texts of Indian philosophies include extensive discussions on Ontology (metaphysics, Brahman-Atman...
- the mechanism responsible for choosing from among one's desires. Within philosophy, will is important as one of the parts of the mind, along with reason...
- Eastern philosophy or Asian philosophy includes the various philosophies that originated in East and South Asia including Chinese philosophy, ****anese...
- A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, Ph.D., or DPhil; Latin philosophiae doctor or doctor philosophiae) is the highest university degree that is conferred after...
- Latin and also from the Byzantine Empire. The re-introduction of these philosophies, accompanied by the new Arabic commentaries, had a great influence on...
- (1999). A companion to world philosophies. Wiley Blackwell. p. 183. Hsü, Leonard Shihlien (2005). The political philosophy of Confucianism. Routledge....
- Hindu philosophy also includes several sub-schools of theistic philosophies that integrate ideas from two or more of the six orthodox philosophies, such...
- Empire in the days of Jesus, Paul, and for centuries after. Cl****ical philosophies of the Gr****s had already expired and diluted beyond recognition except...
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