Definition of Alcohols. Meaning of Alcohols. Synonyms of Alcohols

Here you will find one or more explanations in English for the word Alcohols. Also in the bottom left of the page several parts of wikipedia pages related to the word Alcohols and, of course, Alcohols synonyms and on the right images related to the word Alcohols.

Definition of Alcohols

Alcohol
Alcohol Al"co*hol ([a^]l"k[-o]*h[o^]l), n. [Cf. F. alcool, formerly written alcohol, Sp. alcohol alcohol, antimony, galena, OSp. alcofol; all fr. Ar. al-kohl a powder of antimony or galena, to paint the eyebrows with. The name was afterwards applied, on account of the fineness of this powder, to highly rectified spirits, a signification unknown in Arabia. The Sp. word has both meanings. Cf. Alquifou.] 1. An impalpable powder. [Obs.] 2. The fluid essence or pure spirit obtained by distillation. [Obs.] --Boyle. 3. Pure spirit of wine; pure or highly rectified spirit (called also ethyl alcohol); the spirituous or intoxicating element of fermented or distilled liquors, or more loosely a liquid containing it in considerable quantity. It is extracted by simple distillation from various vegetable juices and infusions of a saccharine nature, which have undergone vinous fermentation. Note: As used in the U. S. ``Pharmacop[oe]ia,' alcohol contains 91 per cent by weight of ethyl alcohol and 9 per cent of water; and diluted alcohol (proof spirit) contains 45.5 per cent by weight of ethyl alcohol and 54.5 per cent of water. 4. (Organic Chem.) A class of compounds analogous to vinic alcohol in constitution. Chemically speaking, they are hydroxides of certain organic radicals; as, the radical ethyl forms common or ethyl alcohol (C2H5.OH); methyl forms methyl alcohol (CH3.OH) or wood spirit; amyl forms amyl alcohol (C5H11.OH) or fusel oil, etc.

Meaning of Alcohols from wikipedia

- group. Secondary alcohols are those of the form RR'CHOH, the simplest of which is 2-propanol (R=R'=CH3). For the tertiary alcohols the general form is...
- Sugar alcohols (also called polyhydric alcohols, polyalcohols, alditols or glycitols) are organic compounds, typically derived from sugars, containing...
- Alcohol oxidation is an important organic reaction. Primary alcohols (R-CH2-OH) can be oxidized either The indirect oxidation of primary alcohols to carboxylic...
- Fatty alcohols (or long-chain alcohols) are usually high-molecular-weight, straight-chain primary alcohols, but can also range from as few as 4–6 carbons...
- modern texts. Alcohol (especially Nomenclature section for discussion on Secondary and Tertiary alcohols.) Oxidation of primary alcohols to carboxylic...
- Fusel alcohols or fuselol, also sometimes called fusel oils in Europe, are mixtures of several alcohols (chiefly amyl alcohol) produced as a by-product...
- Alcohols, in various forms, are used within medicine as an antiseptic, disinfectant, and antidote. Alcohols applied to the skin are used to disinfect...
- Toxic alcohols are a group of alcohols that include methanol, ethylene glycol and isopropyl alcohol. They are alcohols that should not be drunk due to...
- amyl alcohol is any of 8 alcohols with the formula C5H12O. A mixture of amyl alcohols (also called amyl alcohol) can be obtained from fusel alcohol. Amyl...
- rubbing alcohol is labeled as and ranges from 70-99% v/v. All rubbing alcohols are unsafe for human consumption: isopropyl rubbing alcohols do not contain...
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