Definition of Ketones. Meaning of Ketones. Synonyms of Ketones

Here you will find one or more explanations in English for the word Ketones. Also in the bottom left of the page several parts of wikipedia pages related to the word Ketones and, of course, Ketones synonyms and on the right images related to the word Ketones.

Definition of Ketones

Ketone
Ketone Ke"tone (k[=e]"t[=o]n), n. [Cf. Acetone.] (Chem.) One of a large class of organic substances resembling the aldehydes, obtained by the distillation of certain salts of organic acids and consisting of carbonyl (CO) united with two hydrocarbon radicals. In general the ketones are colorless volatile liquids having a pungent ethereal odor. Note: The ketones are named by adding the suffix-one to the stems of the organic acids from which they are respectively derived; thus, acetic acid gives acetone; butyric acid, butyrone, etc.

Meaning of Ketones from wikipedia

- chemistry, a ketone /ˈkiːtoʊn/ is a functional group with the structure R2C=O, where R can be a variety of carbon-containing substituents. Ketones contain...
- additional energy source for the brain in the form of ketones. In physiologic ketosis, ketones in the blood are elevated above baseline levels, but the...
- Exogenous ketones are a class of ketone bodies that are ingested using nutritional supplements. This class of ketone bodies refers to the three water-soluble...
- PMID 26160596. Cathy Wong. "Raspberry Ketones for Weight Loss". About.com. Canberra, Jules. "What's All The Hype About Raspberry Ketone?". Authority Health. Retrieved...
- the brain does not burn ketones, since they are an important substrate for lipid synthesis in the brain. Furthermore, ketones produced from omega-3 fatty...
- uncontrolled production of ketone bodies that cause a metabolic acidosis. While ketosis refers to any elevation of blood ketones, ketoacidosis is a specific...
- broadly referred to as acyloins Prominent β-hydroxy ketones are aldol adducts. Only terminal α-hydroxy ketones can give positive Fehling's test. IUPAC, Compendium...
- hydrogens more acidic. In the case of methyl ketones, this reaction often occurs a third time to form a ketone trihalide, which can undergo rapid substitution...
- Enantioselective ketone reductions convert prochiral ketones into chiral, non-racemic alcohols and are used heavily for the synthesis of stereodefined...
- carbohydrates and excessive amounts of ketones are formed as a metabolic byproduct. Higher levels of ketones in the urine indicate that the body is using...