Definition of Carbonyl. Meaning of Carbonyl. Synonyms of Carbonyl

Here you will find one or more explanations in English for the word Carbonyl. Also in the bottom left of the page several parts of wikipedia pages related to the word Carbonyl and, of course, Carbonyl synonyms and on the right images related to the word Carbonyl.

Definition of Carbonyl

carbonyl
Oxalyl Ox"a*lyl, n. [Oxalic + -yl.] (Chem.) (a) A hydrocarbon radical (C2O2) regarded as a residue of oxalic acid and occurring in derivatives of it. (b) An old name for carbonyl. (c) An old name for carboxyl.
Carbonyl
Carbonyl Car"bon*yl, n. [Carbon + -yl.] (Chem.) The radical (CO)', occuring, always combined, in many compounds, as the aldehydes, the ketones, urea, carbonyl chloride, etc. Note: Though denoted by a formula identical with that of carbon monoxide, it is chemically distinct, as carbon seems to be divalent in carbon monoxide, but tetravalent in carbonyl compounds. Carbonyl chloride (Chem.), a colorless gas, COCl2, of offensive odor, and easily condensable to liquid. It is formed from chlorine and carbon monoxide, under the influence of light, and hence has been called phosgene gas; -- called also carbon oxychloride.

Meaning of Carbonyl from wikipedia

- In organic chemistry, a carbonyl group is a functional group composed of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom: C=O. It is common to several classes...
- Metal carbonyls are coordination complexes of transition metals with carbon monoxide ligands. Metal carbonyls are useful in organic synthesis and as catalysts...
- Carbonyl iron is a highly pure (97.5% for grade S, 99.5+% for grade R) iron, prepared by chemical decomposition of purified iron pentacarbonyl. It usually...
- α,β-Unsaturated carbonyl compounds refers to organic compounds with the general structure (O=CR)−Cα=Cβ-R. Examples would be enones and enals. In these...
- Carbonyl sulfide is the chemical compound with the linear formula OCS. Normally written as COS as a chemical formula that does not imply its structure...
- can be a variety of carbon-containing substituents. Ketones contain a carbonyl group (a carbon-oxygen double bond). The simplest ketone is acetone (R...
- Alpha-substitution reactions occur at the position next to the carbonyl group, the α-position, and involve the substitution of an α hydrogen atom by an...
- In organic chemistry, carbonyl reduction is the organic reduction of any carbonyl group by a reducing agent. Typical carbonyl compounds are ketones, aldehydes...
- chemical formula CO(NH2)2. This amide has two –NH2 groups joined by a carbonyl (C=O) functional group. Urea serves an important role in the metabolism...
- Carbonyl bromide, also known as bromophosgene by analogy to phosgene, is an organic chemical compound. It is a decomposition product of halon compounds...