Definition of Ketone. Meaning of Ketone. Synonyms of Ketone

Here you will find one or more explanations in English for the word Ketone. Also in the bottom left of the page several parts of wikipedia pages related to the word Ketone and, of course, Ketone synonyms and on the right images related to the word Ketone.

Definition of Ketone

Ketone
Ketone Ke"tone (k[=e]"t[=o]n), n. [Cf. Acetone.] (Chem.) One of a large class of organic substances resembling the aldehydes, obtained by the distillation of certain salts of organic acids and consisting of carbonyl (CO) united with two hydrocarbon radicals. In general the ketones are colorless volatile liquids having a pungent ethereal odor. Note: The ketones are named by adding the suffix-one to the stems of the organic acids from which they are respectively derived; thus, acetic acid gives acetone; butyric acid, butyrone, etc.

Meaning of Ketone from wikipedia

- chemistry, a ketone /ˈkiːtoʊn/ is a functional group with the structure R2C=O, where R can be a variety of carbon-containing substituents. Ketones contain...
- Ketone bodies Ketone bodies are water-soluble molecules that contain the ketone groups produced from fatty acids by the liver (ketogenesis). They are...
- Ketosis is a metabolic state characterized by elevated levels of ketone bodies in the blood or urine. Physiologic ketosis is a normal response to low glucose...
- Exogenous ketones are a class of ketone bodies that are ingested using nutritional supplements. This class of ketone bodies refers to the three water-soluble...
- Raspberry ketone is a natural phenolic compound that is the primary aroma compound of red raspberries. Raspberry ketone occurs in a variety of fruits...
- Methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CHCH2C(O)CH3. This colourless liquid, a ketone, is used as a solvent for...
- uncontrolled production of ketone bodies that cause a metabolic acidosis. While ketosis refers to any elevation of blood ketones, ketoacidosis is a specific...
- installed selectively in the alpha position of a ketone. The position alpha to the carbonyl group in a ketone is easily halogenated, due to the ability to...
- organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO. It is the simplest and smallest ketone. It is a colourless, highly volatile and flammable liquid with a characteristic...
- Ketogenesis is the biochemical process through which organisms produce ketone bodies by breaking down fatty acids and ketogenic amino acids. The process...