Definition of Fallacy. Meaning of Fallacy. Synonyms of Fallacy

Here you will find one or more explanations in English for the word Fallacy. Also in the bottom left of the page several parts of wikipedia pages related to the word Fallacy and, of course, Fallacy synonyms and on the right images related to the word Fallacy.

Definition of Fallacy

Fallacy
Fallacy Fal"la*cy, n.; pl. Fallacies. [OE. fallace, fallas, deception, F. fallace, fr. L. fallacia, fr. fallax deceitful, deceptive, fr. fallere to deceive. See Fail.] 1. Deceptive or false appearance; deceitfulness; that which misleads the eye or the mind; deception. Winning by conquest what the first man lost, By fallacy surprised. --Milton. 2. (Logic) An argument, or apparent argument, which professes to be decisive of the matter at issue, while in reality it is not; a sophism. Syn: Deception; deceit; mistake. Usage: Fallacy, Sophistry. A fallacy is an argument which professes to be decisive, but in reality is not; sophistry is also false reasoning, but of so specious and subtle a kind as to render it difficult to expose its fallacy. Many fallacies are obvious, but the evil of sophistry lies in its consummate art. ``Men are apt to suffer their minds to be misled by fallacies which gratify their passions. Many persons have obscured and confounded the nature of things by their wretched sophistry; though an act be never so sinful, they will strip it of its guilt.' --South.

Meaning of Fallacy from wikipedia

- A fallacy (also called sophism) is the use of invalid or otherwise faulty reasoning, or "wrong moves" in the construction of an argument. A fallacious...
- strawman, also sometimes straw dog) is a form of argument and an informal fallacy of having the impression of re****ing an argument, whereas the proper idea...
- In philosophy, a formal fallacy, deductive fallacy, logical fallacy or non sequitur (Latin for "it does not follow") is a pattern of reasoning rendered...
- contain fallacies. Because of their variety, fallacies are challenging to cl****ify. They can be cl****ified by their structure (formal fallacies) or content...
- believe so, it is so".[citation needed] Other names for the fallacy include common belief fallacy or appeal to (common) belief, appeal to the majority, appeal...
- An ****ociation fallacy is an informal inductive fallacy of the hasty-generalization or red-herring type and which ****erts, by irrelevant ****ociation and...
- The gambler's fallacy, also known as the Monte Carlo fallacy or the fallacy of the maturity of chances, is the erroneous belief that if a particular event...
- (sometimes called false dichotomy) is a type of informal, correlative-based fallacy in which a statement falsely claims or ****umes an "either/or" situation...
- questionable-cause logical fallacy, in which two events occurring together are taken to have established a cause-and-effect relationship. This fallacy is also known...
- informal fallacy that states: "Since event Y followed event X, event Y must have been caused by event X." It is often shortened simply to post hoc fallacy. A...
Loading...