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Ballota nigraHorehound Hore"hound`, n. [OE. horehune, AS. h[=a]rhune;
h[=a]r hoar, gray + hune horehound; cf. L. cunila a species
of organum, Gr. ?, Skr. kn?y to smell.] (Bot.)
A plant of the genus Marrubium (M. vulgare), which has a
bitter taste, and is a weak tonic, used as a household remedy
for colds, coughing, etc. [Written also hoarhound.]
Fetid horehound, or Black horehound, a disagreeable plant
resembling horehound (Ballota nigra).
Water horehound, a species of the genus Lycopus,
resembling mint, but not aromatic. Brassica nigraSinigrin Sin"i*grin, n. [From NL. Sinapis nigra.] (Chem.)
A glucoside found in the seeds of black mustard (Brassica
nigra, formerly Sinapis nigra) It resembles sinalbin, and
consists of a potassium salt of myronic acid. Centaurea nigraIronheads I"ron*heads`, n. (Bot.)
A European composite herb (Centaurea nigra); -- so called
from the resemblance of its knobbed head to an iron ball
fixed on a long handle. --Dr. Prior. Centaurea nigraKnapweed Knap"weed`, n. (Bot.)
The black centaury (Centaurea nigra); -- so called from the
knoblike heads of flowers. Called also bullweed. Centaurea nigraMatfelon Mat"fel*on, n. [W. madfelen.] (Bot.)
The knapweed (Centaurea nigra).
Denigrate Den"i*grate, v. t. [L. denigrare; de- + nigrare to
blacken, niger black.]
1. To blacken thoroughly; to make very black. --Boyle.
2. Fig.: To blacken or sully; to defame. [R.]
To denigrate the memory of Voltaire. --Morley.
Denigration Den`i*gra"tion, n. [L. denigratio.]
1. The act of making black. --Boyle.
2. Fig.: A blackening; defamation.
The vigorous denigration of science. --Morley.
Denigrator Den"i*gra`tor, n.
One who, or that which, blackens.
Dipholis nigraBully tree Bul"ly tree` (Bot.)
The name of several West Indian trees of the order
Sapotace[ae], as Dipholis nigra and species of Sapota
and Mimusops. Most of them yield a substance closely
resembling gutta-percha. J nigra Note: In some parts of America, especially in New England,
the name walnut is given to several species of hickory
(Carya), and their fruit.
Ash-leaved walnut, a tree (Juglans fraxinifolia), native
Black walnut, a North American tree (J. nigra) valuable
for its purplish brown wood, which is extensively used in
cabinetwork and for gunstocks. The nuts are thick-shelled,
and nearly globular.
English, or European, walnut, a tree (J. regia),
native of Asia from the Caucasus to Japan, valuable for
its timber and for its excellent nuts, which are also
called Madeira nuts.
Walnut brown, a deep warm brown color, like that of the
heartwood of the black walnut.
Walnut oil, oil extracted from walnut meats. It is used in
cooking, making soap, etc.
White walnut, a North American tree (J. cinerea), bearing
long, oval, thick-shelled, oily nuts, commonly called
butternuts. See Butternut.
Marconigram Mar*co"ni*gram, n. [Marconi + -gram.]
A Marconi wireless message.
Marconigraph Mar*co"ni*graph, n. [Marconi + -graph.]
The apparatus used in Marconi wireless telegraphy.
Morus nigraMorus Mo"rus, n. [L., mulberry tree. See Mulberry.] (Bot.)
A genus of trees, some species of which produce edible fruit;
the mulberry. See Mulberry.
Morus alba is the white mulberry, a native of India or
China, the leaves of which are extensively used for
feeding silkworms, for which it furnishes the chief food.
Morus multicaulis, the many-stemmed or Chinese mulberry, is
only a form of white mulberry, preferred on account of its
more abundant leaves.
Morus nigra, the black mulberry, produces a dark-colored
fruit, of an agreeable flavor. NigranilineNigraniline Ni*gran"i*line (? or ?), n. [L. niger black + E.
The complex, nitrogenous, organic base and dyestuff called
also aniline black. Oidemia nigraScoter Sco"ter, n. [Cf. Prov. E. scote to plow up.] (Zo["o]l.)
Any one of several species of northern sea ducks of the genus
Note: The European scoters are Oidemia nigra, called also
black duck, black diver, surf duck; and the
velvet, or double, scoter (O. fusca). The common
American species are the velvet, or white-winged,
scoter (O. Deglandi), called also velvet duck,
white-wing, bull coot, white-winged coot; the
black scoter (O. Americana), called also black
coot, butterbill, coppernose; and the surf scoter,
or surf duck (O. perspicillata), called also
baldpate, skunkhead, horsehead, patchhead,
pishaug, and spectacled coot. These birds are
collectively called also coots. The females and young
are called gray coots, and brown coots.
Omnigraph Om"ni*graph, n. [Omni- + -graph.]
A pantograph. [R.]
P nigraSpruce Spruce, n. [OE. Spruce or Pruse, Prussia, Prussian. So
named because it was first known as a native of Prussia, or
because its sprouts were used for making, spruce beer. Cf.
Spruce beer, below, Spruce, a.]
1. (Bot.) Any coniferous tree of the genus Picea, as the
Norway spruce (P. excelsa), and the white and black
spruces of America (P. alba and P. nigra), besides
several others in the far Northwest. See Picea.
2. The wood or timber of the spruce tree.
3. Prussia leather; pruce. [Obs.]
Spruce, a sort of leather corruptly so called for
Prussia leather. --E. Phillips.
Douglas spruce (Bot.), a valuable timber tree (Pseudotsuga
Douglasii) of Northwestern America.
Essence of spruce, a thick, dark-colored, bitterish, and
acidulous liquid made by evaporating a decoction of the
young branches of spruce.
Hemlock spruce (Bot.), a graceful coniferous tree (Tsuga
Canadensis) of North America. Its timber is valuable, and
the bark is largely used in tanning leather.
Spruce beer. [G. sprossenbier; sprosse sprout, shoot (akin
to E. sprout, n.) + bier beer. The word was changed into
spruce because the beer came from Prussia (OE. Spruce), or
because it was made from the sprouts of the spruce. See
Sprout, n., Beer, and cf. Spruce, n.] A kind of beer
which is tinctured or flavored with spruce, either by
means of the extract or by decoction.
Spruce grouse. (Zo["o]l.) Same as Spruce partridge,
Spruce leather. See Spruce, n., 3.
Spruce partridge (Zo["o]l.), a handsome American grouse
(Dendragapus Canadensis) found in Canada and the
Northern United States; -- called also Canada grouse. PinnigradaPinnigrada Pin`ni*gra"da, n. pl. [NL., fr. pinna a feather +
gradi to walk, move.] (Zo["o]l.)
Same as Pinnipedia.
Pinnigrade Pin"ni*grade, n. (Zo["o]l.)
An animal of the seal tribe, moving by short feet that serve
Q nigraOak Oak ([=o]k), n. [OE. oke, ok, ak, AS. [=a]c; akin to D.
eik, G. eiche, OHG. eih, Icel. eik, Sw. ek, Dan. eeg.]
1. (Bot.) Any tree or shrub of the genus Quercus. The oaks
have alternate leaves, often variously lobed, and
staminate flowers in catkins. The fruit is a smooth nut,
called an acorn, which is more or less inclosed in a
scaly involucre called the cup or cupule. There are now
recognized about three hundred species, of which nearly
fifty occur in the United States, the rest in Europe,
Asia, and the other parts of North America, a very few
barely reaching the northern parts of South America and
Africa. Many of the oaks form forest trees of grand
proportions and live many centuries. The wood is usually
hard and tough, and provided with conspicuous medullary
rays, forming the silver grain.
2. The strong wood or timber of the oak.
Note: Among the true oaks in America are:
Barren oak, or
Black-jack, Q. nigra.
Basket oak, Q. Michauxii.
Black oak, Q. tinctoria; -- called also yellow or
Bur oak (see under Bur.), Q. macrocarpa; -- called also
over-cup or mossy-cup oak.
Chestnut oak, Q. Prinus and Q. densiflora.
Chinquapin oak (see under Chinquapin), Q. prinoides.
Coast live oak, Q. agrifolia, of California; -- also
Live oak (see under Live), Q. virens, the best of all
for shipbuilding; also, Q. Chrysolepis, of California.
Pin oak. Same as Swamp oak.
Post oak, Q. obtusifolia.
Red oak, Q. rubra.
Scarlet oak, Q. coccinea.
Scrub oak, Q. ilicifolia, Q. undulata, etc.
Shingle oak, Q. imbricaria.
Spanish oak, Q. falcata.
Swamp Spanish oak, or
Pin oak, Q. palustris.
Swamp white oak, Q. bicolor.
Water oak, Q. aguatica.
Water white oak, Q. lyrata.
Willow oak, Q. Phellos. Among the true oaks in Europe
Bitter oak, or
Turkey oak, Q. Cerris (see Cerris).
Cork oak, Q. Suber.
English white oak, Q. Robur.
Holly oak, or
Holm oak, Q. Ilex.
Kermes oak, Q. coccifera.
Nutgall oak, Q. infectoria.
Note: Among plants called oak, but not of the genus
African oak, a valuable timber tree (Oldfieldia
Australian, or She, oak, any tree of the genus
Casuarina (see Casuarina).
Indian oak, the teak tree (see Teak).
Jerusalem oak. See under Jerusalem.
New Zealand oak, a sapindaceous tree (Alectryon
Poison oak, the poison ivy. See under Poison. Quercus nigraBlack-jack Black"-jack`, n.
1. (Min.) A name given by English miners to sphalerite, or
zinc blende; -- called also false galena. See Blende.
2. Caramel or burnt sugar, used to color wines, spirits,
ground coffee, etc.
3. A large leather vessel for beer, etc. [Obs.]
4. (Bot.) The Quercus nigra, or barren oak.
5. The ensign of a pirate. R nigraSkimmer Skim"mer, n.
1. One who, or that which, skims; esp., a utensil with which
liquids are skimmed.
2. (Zo["o]l.) Any species of longwinged marine birds of the
genus Rhynchops, allied to the terns, but having the
lower mandible compressed and much longer than the upper
one. These birds fly rapidly along the surface of the
water, with the lower mandible immersed, thus skimming out
small fishes. The American species (R. nigra) is common
on the southern coasts of the United States. Called also
scissorbill, and shearbill.
3. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of several large bivalve shells,
sometimes used for skimming milk, as the sea clams, and
large scallops. S nigraElder El"der, n. [OE. ellern, eller, AS. ellen, cf. LG.
elloorn; perh. akin to OHG. holantar, holuntar, G. holunder;
or perh. to E. alder, n.] (Bot.)
A genus of shrubs (Sambucus) having broad umbels of white
flowers, and small black or red berries.
Note: The common North American species is Sambucus
Canadensis; the common European species (S. nigra)
forms a small tree. The red-berried elder is S.
pubens. The berries are diaphoretic and aperient.
Box elder. See under 1st Box.
Dwarf elder. See Danewort.
Elder tree. (Bot.) Same as Elder. --Shak.
Marsh elder, the cranberry tree Viburnum Opulus). Sambucus nigraElderberry El"der*ber`ry, n. (Bot.)
The berrylike drupe of the elder. That of the Old World elder
(Sambucus nigra) and that of the American sweet elder (S.
Canadensis) are sweetish acid, and are eaten as a berry or
made into wine. Sinapis nigraSinigrin Sin"i*grin, n. [From NL. Sinapis nigra.] (Chem.)
A glucoside found in the seeds of black mustard (Brassica
nigra, formerly Sinapis nigra) It resembles sinalbin, and
consists of a potassium salt of myronic acid.
Meaning of Nigra from wikipedia
to: Castelnuovo Nigra
, a comune
(muni****lity) in the Province
in the Italian region Piedmont Porta Nigra
, a large Roman
- substantia nigra
(SN) is a basal ganglia structure located
in the midbrain
role in reward
and movement. Substantia nigra
- Linea nigra
(Latin for "black line"), often referred
to as a pregnancy
line, is a linear hyperpigmentation
that commonly appears
on the abdomen. The brownish...
- Sambucus nigra
is a species complex
of flowering plants
in the family Adoxaceae native
to most of Europe
America. Common names include
- Pinus nigra
, the Austrian
pine or black
pine, is a moderately variable species
of pine, occurring across southern Mediterranean Europe
from the Iberian...
- Galápagos tortoise complex
or Galápagos giant tortoise complex
species) are the largest living species
of tortoise. Modern...
- Juglans nigra
, the eastern American black
walnut, is a species
tree in the walnut
family, Juglandaceae, native
America. It grows...
tubercle), the globus
pallidus, the ventral
pallidum, the substantia nigra
, and the subthalamic
nucleus. Each of these components
has a complex
- The Porta Nigra
(Latin for black
gate) is a large Roman
city gate in Trier, Germany. It is today
the largest Roman
city gate north
of the Alps. It is...
- Betula nigra
, the black
birch, river birch
birch, is a species
of birch native
to the Eastern United States
from New Hampshire
west to southern...