Definition of Dendroica. Meaning of Dendroica. Synonyms of Dendroica
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Definition of Dendroica
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Dendroica BlackburniaeBlackburnian warbler Black*bur"ni*an war"bler [Named from Mrs.
Blackburn, an English lady.] (Zo["o]l.)
A beautiful warbler of the United States (Dendroica
Blackburni[ae]). The male is strongly marked with orange,
yellow, and black on the head and neck, and has an
orange-yellow breast. Dendroica discolorPrairie Prai"rie, n. [F., an extensive meadow, OF. praerie,
LL. prataria, fr. L. pratum a meadow.]
1. An extensive tract of level or rolling land, destitute of
trees, covered with coarse grass, and usually
characterized by a deep, fertile soil. They abound
throughout the Mississippi valley, between the Alleghanies
and the Rocky mountains.
From the forests and the prairies, From the great
lakes of the northland. --Longfellow.
2. A meadow or tract of grass; especially, a so called
Prairie chicken (Zo["o]l.), any American grouse of the
genus Tympanuchus, especially T. Americanus (formerly
T. cupido), which inhabits the prairies of the central
United States. Applied also to the sharp-tailed grouse.
Prairie clover (Bot.), any plant of the leguminous genus
Petalostemon, having small rosy or white flowers in
dense terminal heads or spikes. Several species occur in
the prairies of the United States.
Prairie dock (Bot.), a coarse composite plant (Silphium
terebinthaceum) with large rough leaves and yellow
flowers, found in the Western prairies.
Prairie dog (Zo["o]l.), a small American rodent (Cynomys
Ludovicianus) allied to the marmots. It inhabits the
plains west of the Mississippi. The prairie dogs burrow in
the ground in large warrens, and have a sharp bark like
that of a dog. Called also prairie marmot.
Prairie grouse. Same as Prairie chicken, above.
Prairie hare (Zo["o]l.), a large long-eared Western hare
(Lepus campestris). See Jack rabbit, under 2d Jack.
Prairie hawk, Prairie falcon (Zo["o]l.), a falcon of
Western North America (Falco Mexicanus). The upper parts
are brown. The tail has transverse bands of white; the
under parts, longitudinal streaks and spots of brown.
Prairie hen. (Zo["o]l.) Same as Prairie chicken, above.
Prairie itch (Med.), an affection of the skin attended with
intense itching, which is observed in the Northern and
Western United States; -- also called swamp itch,
Prairie marmot. (Zo["o]l.) Same as Prairie dog, above.
Prairie mole (Zo["o]l.), a large American mole (Scalops
argentatus), native of the Western prairies.
Prairie pigeon, plover, or snipe (Zo["o]l.), the upland
plover. See Plover, n., 2.
Prairie rattlesnake (Zo["o]l.), the massasauga.
Prairie snake (Zo["o]l.), a large harmless American snake
(Masticophis flavigularis). It is pale yellow, tinged
with brown above.
Prairie squirrel (Zo["o]l.), any American ground squirrel
of the genus Spermophilus, inhabiting prairies; --
called also gopher.
Prairie turnip (Bot.), the edible turnip-shaped farinaceous
root of a leguminous plant (Psoralea esculenta) of the
Upper Missouri region; also, the plant itself. Called also
pomme blanche, and pomme de prairie.
Prairie warbler (Zo["o]l.), a bright-colored American
warbler (Dendroica discolor). The back is olive yellow,
with a group of reddish spots in the middle; the under
parts and the parts around the eyes are bright yellow; the
sides of the throat and spots along the sides, black;
three outer tail feathers partly white.
Prairie wolf. (Zo["o]l.) See Coyote. Dendroica maculosaMagnolia Mag*no"li*a, n. [NL. Named after Pierre Magnol,
professor of botany at Montpellier, France, in the 17th
A genus of American and Asiatic trees, with aromatic bark and
large sweet-scented whitish or reddish flowers.
Note: Magnolia grandiflora has coriaceous shining leaves
and very fragrant blossoms. It is common from North
Carolina to Florida and Texas, and is one of the most
magnificent trees of the American forest. The sweet bay
(M. glauca)is a small tree found sparingly as far
north as Cape Ann. Other American species are M.
Umbrella, M. macrophylla, M. Fraseri, M.
acuminata, and M. cordata. M. conspicua and M.
purpurea are cultivated shrubs or trees from Eastern
Asia. M. Campbellii, of India, has rose-colored or
Magnolia warbler (Zo["o]l.), a beautiful North American
wood warbler (Dendroica maculosa). The rump and under
parts are bright yellow; the breast and belly are spotted
with black; the under tail coverts are white; the crown is
ash. Dendroica occidentalisHermit Her"mit, n. [OE. ermite, eremite, heremit, heremite, F.
hermite, ermite, L. eremita, Gr. ?, fr. ? lonely, solitary.
1. A person who retires from society and lives in solitude; a
recluse; an anchoret; especially, one who so lives from
He had been Duke of Savoy, and after a very glorious
reign, took on him the habit of a hermit, and
retired into this solitary spot. --Addison.
2. A beadsman; one bound to pray for another. [Obs.] ``We
rest your hermits.' --Shak.
Hermit crab (Zo["o]l.), a marine decapod crustacean of the
family Pagurid[ae]. The species are numerous, and belong
to many genera. Called also soldier crab. The hermit
crabs usually occupy the dead shells of various univalve
mollusks. See Illust. of Commensal.
Hermit thrush (Zo["o]l.), an American thrush (Turdus
Pallasii), with retiring habits, but having a sweet song.
Hermit warbler (Zo["o]l.), a California wood warbler
(Dendroica occidentalis), having the head yellow, the
throat black, and the back gray, with black streaks. Dendroica palmarumRedpoll Red"poll` (-p?l`), n. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) Any one of several species of small northern finches of
the genus Acanthis (formerly [AE]giothus), native of
Europe and America. The adults have the crown red or
rosy. The male of the most common species (A. linarius)
has also the breast and rump rosy. Called also redpoll
linnet. See Illust. under Linnet.
(b) The common European linnet.
(c) The American redpoll warbler (Dendroica palmarum). Dendroica striataBlackpoll Black"poll`, n. [Black + poll head.] (Zo["o]l.)
A warbler of the United States (Dendroica striata). Dendroica virensWarbler War"bler, n.
1. One who, or that which, warbles; a singer; a songster; --
applied chiefly to birds.
In lulling strains the feathered warblers woo.
2. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of small Old World
singing birds belonging to the family Sylviid[ae], many
of which are noted songsters. The bluethroat, blackcap,
reed warbler (see under Reed), and sedge warbler (see
under Sedge) are well-known species.
3. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of small, often
bright colored, American singing birds of the family or
subfamily Mniotiltid[ae], or Sylvicolin[ae]. They are
allied to the Old World warblers, but most of them are not
Note: The American warblers are often divided, according to
their habits, into bush warblers, creeping warblers,
fly-catching warblers, ground warblers, wood warblers,
wormeating warblers, etc.
Bush warbler (Zo["o]l.) any American warbler of the genus
Opornis, as the Connecticut warbler (O. agilis).
Creeping warbler (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of
very small American warblers belonging to Parula,
Mniotilta, and allied genera, as the blue yellow-backed
warbler (Parula Americana), and the black-and-white
creeper (Mniotilta varia).
Fly-catching warbler (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species
of warblers belonging to Setophaga, Sylvania, and
allied genera having the bill hooked and notched at the
tip, with strong rictal bristles at the base, as the
hooded warbler (Sylvania mitrata), the black-capped
warbler (S. pusilla), the Canadian warbler (S.
Canadensis), and the American redstart (see Redstart).
Ground warbler (Zo["o]l.), any American warbler of the
genus Geothlypis, as the mourning ground warbler (G.
Philadelphia), and the Maryland yellowthroat (see
Wood warbler (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous American
warblers of the genus Dendroica. Among the most common
wood warblers in the Eastern States are the yellowbird, or
yellow warbler (see under Yellow), the black-throated
green warbler (Dendroica virens), the yellow-rumped
warbler (D. coronata), the blackpoll (D. striata), the
bay-breasted warbler (D. castanea), the chestnut-sided
warbler (D. Pennsylvanica), the Cape May warbler (D.
tigrina), the prairie warbler (see under Prairie), and
the pine warbler (D. pinus). See also Magnolia
warbler, under Magnolia, and Blackburnian warbler.
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