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characteristic

3. A table for facilitating reference to topics, names, and the like, in a book; -- usually alphabetical in arrangement, and printed at the end of the volume. 4. A prologue indicating what follows. [Obs.] --Shak. 5. (Anat.) The second digit, that next pollex, in the manus, or hand; the forefinger; index finger. 6. (Math.) The figure or letter which shows the power or root of a quantity; the exponent. [In this sense the plural is always indices.] Index error, the error in the reading of a mathematical instrument arising from the zero of the index not being in complete adjustment with that of the limb, or with its theoretically perfect position in the instrument; a correction to be applied to the instrument readings equal to the error of the zero adjustment. Index expurgatorius. [L.] See Index prohibitorius (below). Index finger. See Index, 5. Index glass, the mirror on the index of a quadrant, sextant, etc. Index hand, the pointer or hand of a clock, watch, or other registering machine; a hand that points to something. Index of a logarithm (Math.), the integral part of the logarithm, and always one less than the number of integral figures in the given number. It is also called the characteristic. Index of refraction, or Refractive index (Opt.), the number which expresses the ratio of the sine of the angle of incidence to the sine of the angle of refraction. Thus the index of refraction for sulphur is 2, because, when light passes out of air into sulphur, the sine of the angle of incidence is double the sine of the angle of refraction. Index plate, a graduated circular plate, or one with circular rows of holes differently spaced; used in machines for graduating circles, cutting gear teeth, etc. Index prohibitorius [L.], or Prohibitory index (R. C. Ch.), a catalogue of books which are forbidden by the church to be read; the index expurgatorius [L.], or expurgatory index, is a catalogue of books from which passages marked as against faith or morals must be removed before Catholics can read them. These catalogues are published with additions, from time to time, by the Congregation of the Index, composed of cardinals, theologians, etc., under the sanction of the pope. --Hook. Index rerum [L.], a tabulated and alphabetized notebook, for systematic preservation of items, quotations, etc.

3. A table for facilitating reference to topics, names, and the like, in a book; -- usually alphabetical in arrangement, and printed at the end of the volume. 4. A prologue indicating what follows. [Obs.] --Shak. 5. (Anat.) The second digit, that next pollex, in the manus, or hand; the forefinger; index finger. 6. (Math.) The figure or letter which shows the power or root of a quantity; the exponent. [In this sense the plural is always indices.] Index error, the error in the reading of a mathematical instrument arising from the zero of the index not being in complete adjustment with that of the limb, or with its theoretically perfect position in the instrument; a correction to be applied to the instrument readings equal to the error of the zero adjustment. Index expurgatorius. [L.] See Index prohibitorius (below). Index finger. See Index, 5. Index glass, the mirror on the index of a quadrant, sextant, etc. Index hand, the pointer or hand of a clock, watch, or other registering machine; a hand that points to something. Index of a logarithm (Math.), the integral part of the logarithm, and always one less than the number of integral figures in the given number. It is also called the characteristic. Index of refraction, or Refractive index (Opt.), the number which expresses the ratio of the sine of the angle of incidence to the sine of the angle of refraction. Thus the index of refraction for sulphur is 2, because, when light passes out of air into sulphur, the sine of the angle of incidence is double the sine of the angle of refraction. Index plate, a graduated circular plate, or one with circular rows of holes differently spaced; used in machines for graduating circles, cutting gear teeth, etc. Index prohibitorius [L.], or Prohibitory index (R. C. Ch.), a catalogue of books which are forbidden by the church to be read; the index expurgatorius [L.], or expurgatory index, is a catalogue of books from which passages marked as against faith or morals must be removed before Catholics can read them. These catalogues are published with additions, from time to time, by the Congregation of the Index, composed of cardinals, theologians, etc., under the sanction of the pope. --Hook. Index rerum [L.], a tabulated and alphabetized notebook, for systematic preservation of items, quotations, etc.

Characteristic

Characteristic Char`ac*ter*is"tic, n. 1. A distinguishing trait, quality, or property; an element of character; that which characterized. --Pope. The characteristics of a true critic. --Johnson. 2. (Math.) The integral part (whether positive or negative) of a logarithm.

Characteristic Char`ac*ter*is"tic, n. 1. A distinguishing trait, quality, or property; an element of character; that which characterized. --Pope. The characteristics of a true critic. --Johnson. 2. (Math.) The integral part (whether positive or negative) of a logarithm.

- eigenvector of a matrix Characteristic word, a subclass of Sturmian word Euler characteristic, a topological invariant Method of characteristics, a technique for...

- for a very quick group of nine flashes. Quick characteristics can also be followed by other characteristics, e.g. VQ(6) LFl for a very quick group of six...

- In mathematics, the term "characteristic function" can refer to any of several distinct concepts: The indicator function of a subset, that is the function...

- ****. These include both primary **** characteristics and secondary **** characteristics. Primary ****ual characteristics are traits other than the gonads that...

- In linear algebra, the characteristic polynomial of a square matrix is a polynomial which is invariant under matrix similarity and has the eigenvalues...

- obtained by equating to zero the characteristic polynomial of a matrix or of a linear mapping Method of characteristics, a technique for solving partial...

- In a facsimile system the halftone characteristic is either: the relationship between the density of the recorded copy and the density of the original...

- Characteristic velocity or c ∗ {\displaystyle c^{*}} , or C-star is a measure of the combustion performance of a rocket engine independent of nozzle performance...

- are falling, while for negative values rising characteristics are obtained. Theoretical characteristic curve of the compressor is the plot to show behavior...

- method of characteristics for solving partial differential equations. This disambiguation page lists articles ****ociated with the title Characteristic curve...

- for a very quick group of nine flashes. Quick characteristics can also be followed by other characteristics, e.g. VQ(6) LFl for a very quick group of six...

- In mathematics, the term "characteristic function" can refer to any of several distinct concepts: The indicator function of a subset, that is the function...

- ****. These include both primary **** characteristics and secondary **** characteristics. Primary ****ual characteristics are traits other than the gonads that...

- In linear algebra, the characteristic polynomial of a square matrix is a polynomial which is invariant under matrix similarity and has the eigenvalues...

- obtained by equating to zero the characteristic polynomial of a matrix or of a linear mapping Method of characteristics, a technique for solving partial...

- In a facsimile system the halftone characteristic is either: the relationship between the density of the recorded copy and the density of the original...

- Characteristic velocity or c ∗ {\displaystyle c^{*}} , or C-star is a measure of the combustion performance of a rocket engine independent of nozzle performance...

- are falling, while for negative values rising characteristics are obtained. Theoretical characteristic curve of the compressor is the plot to show behavior...

- method of characteristics for solving partial differential equations. This disambiguation page lists articles ****ociated with the title Characteristic curve...

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