- A betaine
(/ˈbiːtə.iːn, bɪˈteɪ-, -ɪn/) in chemistry
is any neutral chemical compound
with a positively charged cationic functional group
such as a quaternary...
- Cocamidopropyl betaine
(CAPB) is a mixture
of closely related organic compounds derived
oil and dimethylaminopropylamine. CAPB is available...
in plants. Trimethylglycine
was the first betaine
it was simply called betaine
because, in the 19th century, it was discovered...
- In the field
of enzymology, a betaine
-homocysteine S-methyltransferase also known
(BHMT) is a zinc metallo-enzyme...
- will be established between
the "parent" molecule
and the zwitterion. Betaines
that cannot isomerize
to an all-neutral form, such as when...
- Chloral betaine
(USAN, BAN) (brand names
Beta-Chlor, Somilan), also known
as cloral betaine
(INN), is a sedative-hypnotic drug. It was introduced
- nucleophilic addition
to give a predominance
of the betaine
3 (cf. Bürgi–Dunitz angle). Note that for betaine
3 both R1 and R2 as well as PPh3+ and O− are positioned...
is an essential
nutrient. Betaine hydrochloride
is a powerful lipotropic
and increases gastric
acid. Betaine itself
(in a non-hydrochloric form...
of the Betaine
in Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria
and archaea. The BCCT family...
of betaine aldehyde
to glycine betaine
. Betaine aldehyde
is a substrate
for choline dehydrogenase
(mitochondrial). Glycine betaine aldehyde