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Constant of aberration

Constant Con"stant, n. 1. (Astron.) A number whose value, when ascertained (as by observation) and substituted in a general mathematical formula expressing an astronomical law, completely determines that law and enables predictions to be made of its effect in particular cases. 2. (Physics) A number expressing some property or condition of a substance or of an instrument of precision; as, the dielectric constant of quartz; the collimation constant of a transit instrument. Aberration constant, or Constant of aberration (Astron.), a number which by substitution in the general formula for aberration enables a prediction to be made of the effect of aberration on a star anywhere situated. Its value is 20[sec].47. Constant of integration (Math.), an undetermined constant added to every result of integration. Gravitation constant (Physics), the acceleration per unit of time produced by the attraction of a unit of mass at unit distance. When this is known the acceleration produced at any distance can be calculated. Solar constant (Astron.), the quantity of heat received by the earth from the sun in a unit of time. It is, on the C. G. S. system, 0.0417 small calories per square centimeter per second. --Young.

Constant Con"stant, n. 1. (Astron.) A number whose value, when ascertained (as by observation) and substituted in a general mathematical formula expressing an astronomical law, completely determines that law and enables predictions to be made of its effect in particular cases. 2. (Physics) A number expressing some property or condition of a substance or of an instrument of precision; as, the dielectric constant of quartz; the collimation constant of a transit instrument. Aberration constant, or Constant of aberration (Astron.), a number which by substitution in the general formula for aberration enables a prediction to be made of the effect of aberration on a star anywhere situated. Its value is 20[sec].47. Constant of integration (Math.), an undetermined constant added to every result of integration. Gravitation constant (Physics), the acceleration per unit of time produced by the attraction of a unit of mass at unit distance. When this is known the acceleration produced at any distance can be calculated. Solar constant (Astron.), the quantity of heat received by the earth from the sun in a unit of time. It is, on the C. G. S. system, 0.0417 small calories per square centimeter per second. --Young.

- In astronomy, aberration (also referred to as astronomical aberration, stellar aberration, or velocity aberration) is a phenomenon which produces an apparent...

- parallax of 8.6″. Karl Rudolph Powalky had made an estimate of 8.83″ in 1864. Another method involved determining the constant of aberration. Simon Newcomb...

- In optics, aberration is a property of optical systems, such as lenses, that causes light to be spread out over some region of space rather than focused...

- been attributed to some form of chromatic aberration. Chromatic aberration results from the differential refraction of light depending on its wavelength...

- number of specific optical aberrations. The optical quality of the eye is limited by optical aberrations, diffraction and scatter. Correction of spherocylindrical...

- An astronomical constant is any of several physical constants used in astronomy. Formal sets of constants, along with recommended values, have been defined...

- The speed of light in vacuum, commonly denoted c, is a universal physical constant that is exactly equal to 299,792,458 metres per second (approximately...

- determination of the constant of aberration. In 1905 he returned to the Naval Observatory, to continue his work in research using the meridian circle of the U...

- of the constant of aberration, and computed the orbital parameters of asteroids and comets. Chandler was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical...

- to the sorts of problems with the aberration of gravity that Newton was originally concerned with, because there is no such aberration in static field...

- parallax of 8.6″. Karl Rudolph Powalky had made an estimate of 8.83″ in 1864. Another method involved determining the constant of aberration. Simon Newcomb...

- In optics, aberration is a property of optical systems, such as lenses, that causes light to be spread out over some region of space rather than focused...

- been attributed to some form of chromatic aberration. Chromatic aberration results from the differential refraction of light depending on its wavelength...

- number of specific optical aberrations. The optical quality of the eye is limited by optical aberrations, diffraction and scatter. Correction of spherocylindrical...

- An astronomical constant is any of several physical constants used in astronomy. Formal sets of constants, along with recommended values, have been defined...

- The speed of light in vacuum, commonly denoted c, is a universal physical constant that is exactly equal to 299,792,458 metres per second (approximately...

- determination of the constant of aberration. In 1905 he returned to the Naval Observatory, to continue his work in research using the meridian circle of the U...

- of the constant of aberration, and computed the orbital parameters of asteroids and comets. Chandler was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical...

- to the sorts of problems with the aberration of gravity that Newton was originally concerned with, because there is no such aberration in static field...

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