Definition of Squirrel. Meaning of Squirrel. Synonyms of Squirrel
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Definition of Squirrel
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Chipping squirrelChipping squirrel Chip"ping squir"rel
See Chipmunk. Flying squirrelFlying squirrel Fly"ing squir"rel (? or ?). (Zo["o]l.)
One of a group of squirrels, of the genera Pteromus and
Sciuropterus, having parachute-like folds of skin extending
from the fore to the hind legs, which enable them to make
very long leaps.
Note: The species of Pteromys are large, with bushy tails,
and inhabit southern Asia and the East Indies; those of
Sciuropterus are smaller, with flat tails, and inhabit
the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and America. The
American species (Sciuropterus volucella) is also
called Assapan. The Australian flying squrrels, or
flying phalangers, are marsupials. See Flying
phalanger (above). Java squirrelJelerang Jel"er*ang, n. [Native name.] (Zo["o]l.)
A large, handsome squirrel (Sciurus Javensis), native of
Java and Southern Asia; -- called also Java squirrel. Prairie squirrelPrairie Prai"rie, n. [F., an extensive meadow, OF. praerie,
LL. prataria, fr. L. pratum a meadow.]
1. An extensive tract of level or rolling land, destitute of
trees, covered with coarse grass, and usually
characterized by a deep, fertile soil. They abound
throughout the Mississippi valley, between the Alleghanies
and the Rocky mountains.
From the forests and the prairies, From the great
lakes of the northland. --Longfellow.
2. A meadow or tract of grass; especially, a so called
Prairie chicken (Zo["o]l.), any American grouse of the
genus Tympanuchus, especially T. Americanus (formerly
T. cupido), which inhabits the prairies of the central
United States. Applied also to the sharp-tailed grouse.
Prairie clover (Bot.), any plant of the leguminous genus
Petalostemon, having small rosy or white flowers in
dense terminal heads or spikes. Several species occur in
the prairies of the United States.
Prairie dock (Bot.), a coarse composite plant (Silphium
terebinthaceum) with large rough leaves and yellow
flowers, found in the Western prairies.
Prairie dog (Zo["o]l.), a small American rodent (Cynomys
Ludovicianus) allied to the marmots. It inhabits the
plains west of the Mississippi. The prairie dogs burrow in
the ground in large warrens, and have a sharp bark like
that of a dog. Called also prairie marmot.
Prairie grouse. Same as Prairie chicken, above.
Prairie hare (Zo["o]l.), a large long-eared Western hare
(Lepus campestris). See Jack rabbit, under 2d Jack.
Prairie hawk, Prairie falcon (Zo["o]l.), a falcon of
Western North America (Falco Mexicanus). The upper parts
are brown. The tail has transverse bands of white; the
under parts, longitudinal streaks and spots of brown.
Prairie hen. (Zo["o]l.) Same as Prairie chicken, above.
Prairie itch (Med.), an affection of the skin attended with
intense itching, which is observed in the Northern and
Western United States; -- also called swamp itch,
Prairie marmot. (Zo["o]l.) Same as Prairie dog, above.
Prairie mole (Zo["o]l.), a large American mole (Scalops
argentatus), native of the Western prairies.
Prairie pigeon, plover, or snipe (Zo["o]l.), the upland
plover. See Plover, n., 2.
Prairie rattlesnake (Zo["o]l.), the massasauga.
Prairie snake (Zo["o]l.), a large harmless American snake
(Masticophis flavigularis). It is pale yellow, tinged
with brown above.
Prairie squirrel (Zo["o]l.), any American ground squirrel
of the genus Spermophilus, inhabiting prairies; --
called also gopher.
Prairie turnip (Bot.), the edible turnip-shaped farinaceous
root of a leguminous plant (Psoralea esculenta) of the
Upper Missouri region; also, the plant itself. Called also
pomme blanche, and pomme de prairie.
Prairie warbler (Zo["o]l.), a bright-colored American
warbler (Dendroica discolor). The back is olive yellow,
with a group of reddish spots in the middle; the under
parts and the parts around the eyes are bright yellow; the
sides of the throat and spots along the sides, black;
three outer tail feathers partly white.
Prairie wolf. (Zo["o]l.) See Coyote. Red squirrel Red horse. (Zo["o]l.)
(a) Any large American red fresh-water sucker, especially
Moxostoma macrolepidotum and allied species.
(b) See the Note under Drumfish.
(Chem) See under Lead, and Minium.
Red-lead ore. (Min.) Same as Crocoite.
Red liquor (Dyeing), a solution consisting essentially of
aluminium acetate, used as a mordant in the fixation of
dyestuffs on vegetable fiber; -- so called because used
originally for red dyestuffs. Called also red mordant.
Red maggot (Zo["o]l.), the larva of the wheat midge.
Red manganese. (Min.) Same as Rhodochrosite.
Red man, one of the American Indians; -- so called from his
Red maple (Bot.), a species of maple (Acer rubrum). See
Red mite. (Zo["o]l.) See Red spider, below.
Red mulberry (Bot.), an American mulberry of a dark purple
color (Morus rubra).
Red mullet (Zo["o]l.), the surmullet. See Mullet.
Red ocher (Min.), a soft earthy variety of hematite, of a
Red perch (Zo["o]l.), the rosefish.
Red phosphorus. (Chem.) See under Phosphorus.
Red pine (Bot.), an American species of pine (Pinus
resinosa); -- so named from its reddish bark.
Red precipitate. See under Precipitate.
Red Republican (European Politics), originally, one who
maintained extreme republican doctrines in France, --
because a red liberty cap was the badge of the party; an
extreme radical in social reform. [Cant]
Red ribbon, the ribbon of the Order of the Bath in England.
Red sanders. (Bot.) See Sanders.
Red sandstone. (Geol.) See under Sandstone.
Red scale (Zo["o]l.), a scale insect (Aspidiotus
aurantii) very injurious to the orange tree in California
Red silver (Min.), an ore of silver, of a ruby-red or
reddish black color. It includes proustite, or light red
silver, and pyrargyrite, or dark red silver.
Red snapper (Zo["o]l.), a large fish (Lutlanus aya or
Blackfordii) abundant in the Gulf of Mexico and about the
Red snow, snow colored by a mocroscopic unicellular alga
(Protococcus nivalis) which produces large patches of
scarlet on the snows of arctic or mountainous regions.
Red softening (Med.) a form of cerebral softening in which
the affected parts are red, -- a condition due either to
infarction or inflammation.
Red spider (Zo["o]l.), a very small web-spinning mite
(Tetranychus telarius) which infests, and often
destroys, plants of various kinds, especially those
cultivated in houses and conservatories. It feeds mostly
on the under side of the leaves, and causes them to turn
yellow and die. The adult insects are usually pale red.
Called also red mite.
Red squirrel (Zo["o]l.), the chickaree.
Red tape, the tape used in public offices for tying up
documents, etc.; hence, official formality and delay. squirrel cupsLiverwort Liv"er*wort`, n. (Bot.)
1. A ranunculaceous plant (Anemone Hepatica) with pretty
white or bluish flowers and a three-lobed leaf; -- called
also squirrel cups.
2. A flowerless plant (Marchantia polymorpha), having an
irregularly lobed, spreading, and forking frond.
Note: From this plant many others of the same order
(Hepatic[ae]) have been vaguely called liverworts,
esp. those of the tribe Marchantiace[ae]. See Illust.
of Hepatica. squirrel hakeHake Hake, n. [Also haak.] [Akin to Norweg. hakefisk, lit.,
hook fish, Prov. E. hake hook, G. hecht pike. See Hook.]
One of several species of marine gadoid fishes, of the genera
Phycis, Merlucius, and allies. The common European hake
is M. vulgaris; the American silver hake or whiting is M.
bilinearis. Two American species (Phycis chuss and P.
tenius) are important food fishes, and are also valued for
their oil and sounds. Called also squirrel hake, and
codling. squirrel monkeyMarmoset Mar"mo*set`, n. [F. marmouset a grotesque figure, an
ugly little boy, prob. fr. LL. marmoretum, fr. L. marmor
marble. Perhaps confused with marmot. See Marble.]
Any one of numerous species of small South American monkeys
of the genera Hapale and Midas, family Hapalid[ae].
They have long soft fur, and a hairy, nonprehensile tail.
They are often kept as pets. Called also squirrel monkey. striped prairie squirrelGopher Go"pher, n. [F. gaufre waffle, honeycomb. See
1. One of several North American burrowing rodents of the
genera Geomys and Thomomys, of the family
Geomyid[ae]; -- called also pocket gopher and pouched
rat. See Pocket gopher, and Tucan.
Note: The name was originally given by French settlers to
many burrowing rodents, from their honeycombing the
2. One of several western American species of the genus
Spermophilus, of the family Sciurid[ae]; as, the gray
gopher (Spermophilus Franklini) and the striped gopher
(S. tridecemlineatus); -- called also striped prairie
squirrel, leopard marmot, and leopard spermophile.
3. A large land tortoise (Testudo Carilina) of the Southern
United States, which makes extensive burrows.
4. A large burrowing snake (Spilotes Couperi) of the
Southern United States.
Gopher drift (Mining), an irregular prospecting drift,
following or seeking the ore without regard to regular
grade or section. --Raymond.
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