Definition of Peptidoglycan. Meaning of Peptidoglycan. Synonyms of Peptidoglycan

Here you will find one or more explanations in English for the word Peptidoglycan. Also in the bottom left of the page several parts of wikipedia pages related to the word Peptidoglycan and, of course, Peptidoglycan synonyms and on the right images related to the word Peptidoglycan.

Definition of Peptidoglycan

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Meaning of Peptidoglycan from wikipedia

- Peptidoglycan or murein is a polymer consisting of sugars and amino acids that forms a mesh-like layer outside the plasma membrane of most bacteria, forming...
- when seen through an optical microscope. This is because the thick peptidoglycan layer in the bacterial cell wall retains the stain after it is washed...
- thick layer of peptidoglycan in the cell wall that retains the primary stain, crystal violet. Gram-negative cells have a thinner peptidoglycan layer that...
- absent from land plants. In bacteria, the cell wall is composed of peptidoglycan. The cell walls of archaea have various compositions, and may be formed...
- characterized by their cell envelopes, which are composed of a thin peptidoglycan cell wall sandwiched between an inner cytoplasmic cell membrane and...
- between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in peptidoglycan, which is the major component of gram-positive bacterial cell wall....
- inhibits activity of enzymes that are needed for the cross linking of peptidoglycans in bacterial cell walls, which is the final step in cell wall biosynthesis...
- peptidoglycan precursors, which triggers the digestion of existing peptidoglycan by autolytic hydrolases without the production of new peptidoglycan....
- also considered atypical bacteria. Gram-positive bacteria have a thick peptidoglycan layer in their cell wall, which retains the crystal violet during Gram...
- precursor molecule in the synthesis of the cell wall of bacteria. It is a peptidoglycan, which is amphipathic and named for its bactoprenol hydrocarbon chain...
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