Definition of Homologous. Meaning of Homologous. Synonyms of Homologous

Here you will find one or more explanations in English for the word Homologous. Also in the bottom left of the page several parts of wikipedia pages related to the word Homologous and, of course, Homologous synonyms and on the right images related to the word Homologous.

Definition of Homologous

Homologous
Homologous Ho*mol"o*gous, a. [Gr. ? assenting, agreeing; ? the same + ? speech, discourse, proportion, ? to say, speak.] Having the same relative position, proportion, value, or structure. Especially: (a) (Geom.) Corresponding in relative position and proportion. In similar polygons, the corresponding sides, angles, diagonals, etc., are homologous. --Davies & Peck (Math. Dict.). (b) (Alg.) Having the same relative proportion or value, as the two antecedents or the two consequents of a proportion. (c) (Chem.) Characterized by homology; belonging to the same type or series; corresponding in composition and properties. See Homology, 3. (d) (Biol.) Being of the same typical structure; having like relations to a fundamental type to structure; as, those bones in the hand of man and the fore foot of a horse are homologous that correspond in their structural relations, that is, in their relations to the type structure of the fore limb in vertebrates. Homologous stimulus. (Physiol.) See under Stimulus.

Meaning of Homologous from wikipedia

- Homologous recombination is a type of genetic recombination in which genetic information is exchanged between two similar or identical molecules of double-stranded...
- or protein sequences Homologous chromosomes, chromosomes in a biological cell that pair up (synapse) during meiosis Homologous recombination, genetic...
- A couple of homologous chromosomes, or homologs, are a set of one maternal and one paternal chromosome that pair up with each other inside a cell during...
- a pair of structures or genes in different taxa. A common example of homologous structures is the forelimbs of vertebrates, where the wings of bats and...
- In organic chemistry, a homologous series is a sequence of compounds with the same functional group and similar chemical properties in which the members...
- Homologous desensitization occurs when a receptor decreases its response to an agonist at high concentration. It is a process through which, after prolonged...
- Homologous temperature expresses the thermodynamic temperature of a material as a fraction of the thermodynamic temperature of its melting point (i.e....
- letter Chi (X)) between the homologous chromosomes. In most organisms, these links can help direct each pair of homologous chromosomes to segregate away...
- multiple sequences are used to indicate which regions of each sequence are homologous. The term "percent homology" is often used to mean "sequence similarityā€¯...
- Non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) is a pathway that repairs double-strand breaks in DNA. NHEJ is referred to as "non-homologous" because the break ends...