Definition of sativa. Meaning of sativa. Synonyms of sativa
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Definition of sativa
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Accusatival Ac*cu`sa*ti"val, a.
Pertaining to the accusative case.
Ananassa sativaPineapple Pine"ap`ple, n. (Bot.)
A tropical plant (Ananassa sativa); also, its fruit; -- so
called from the resemblance of the latter, in shape and
external appearance, to the cone of the pine tree. Its origin
is unknown, though conjectured to be American. Ananassa sativaAnanas A*na"nas, n. [Sp. ananas, from the native American
The pineapple (Ananassa sativa). Avena sativaAvena A*ve"na, n. [L.] (Bot.)
A genus of grasses, including the common oat (Avena
sativa); the oat grasses. C sativaHemp Hemp (h[e^]mp), n. [OE. hemp, AS. henep, h[ae]nep; akin
to D. hennep, OHG. hanaf, G. hanf, Icel. hampr, Dan. hamp,
Sw. hampa, L. cannabis, cannabum, Gr. ka`nnabis, ka`nnabos;
cf. Russ. konoplia, Skr. [,c]a[.n]a; all prob. borrowed from
some other language at an early time. Cf. Cannabine,
1. (Bot.) A plant of the genus Cannabis (C. sativa), the
fibrous skin or bark of which is used for making cloth and
cordage. The name is also applied to various other plants
2. The fiber of the skin or rind of the plant, prepared for
spinning. The name has also been extended to various
fibers resembling the true hemp.
African hemp, Bowstring hemp. See under African, and
Bastard hemp, the Asiatic herb Datisca cannabina.
Canada hemp, a species of dogbane (Apocynum cannabinum),
the fiber of which was used by the Indians.
Hemp agrimony, a coarse, composite herb of Europe
(Eupatorium cannabinum), much like the American boneset.
Hemp nettle, a plant of the genus Galeopsis (G.
Tetrahit), belonging to the Mint family.
Indian hemp. See under Indian, a.
Manila hemp, the fiber of Musa textilis.
Sisal hemp, the fiber of Agave sisalana, of Mexico and
Sunn hemp, a fiber obtained from a leguminous plant
Water hemp, an annual American weed (Acnida cannabina),
related to the amaranth. Camelina sativaOilseed Oil"seed`, n. (Bot.)
(a) Seed from which oil is expressed, as the castor bean;
also, the plant yielding such seed. See Castor bean.
(b) A cruciferous herb (Camelina sativa).
(c) The sesame. Cannabis sativaCannabin Can"na*bin, n. (Chem.)
A poisonous resin extracted from hemp (Cannabis sativa,
variety Indica). The narcotic effects of hasheesh are due to
this resin. Cannabis sativaCharras Char"ras, n.
The gum resin of the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa). Same as
Churrus. --Balfour. D sativaYam Yam (y[a^]m), n. [Pg. inhame, probably from some native
A large, esculent, farinaceous tuber of various climbing
plants of the genus Dioscorea; also, the plants themselves.
Mostly natives of warm climates. The plants have
netted-veined, petioled leaves, and pods with three broad
wings. The commonest species is D. sativa, but several
others are cultivated.
Chinese yam, a plant (Dioscorea Batatas) with a long and
slender tuber, hardier than most of the other species.
(a) A common plant (Dioscorea villosa) of the Eastern
United States, having a hard and knotty rootstock.
(b) An orchidaceous plant (Gastrodia sesamoides) of
Australia and Tasmania. M sativaMedic Med"ic, n. [L. medica, Gr. ? (sc. ?) a kind of clover
introduced from Media, from ? Median.] (Bot.)
A leguminous plant of the genus Medicago. The black medic
is the Medicago lupulina; the purple medic, or lucern, is
M. sativa. Madia sativaMadia Ma"di*a, n. [NL., fr. Sp. madi, fr. Chilian madi, the
native name.] (Bot.)
A genus of composite plants, of which one species (Madia
sativa) is cultivated for the oil yielded from its seeds by
pressure. This oil is sometimes used instead of olive oil for
the table. Medicago sativaLucern Lu"cern, n. [F. luzerne.] (Bot.)
A leguminous plant (Medicago sativa), having bluish purple
cloverlike flowers, cultivated for fodder; -- called also
alfalfa. [Written also lucerne.] Medicago sativaAlfalfa Al*fal"fa, n. [Sp.] (Bot.)
The lucern (Medicago sativa); -- so called in California,
Texas, etc. Mentha sativaYerba Yer"ba, n. [Sp.] (Bot.)
An herb; a plant.
Note: This word is much used in compound names of plants in
Spanish; as, yerba buena [Sp., a good herb], a name
applied in Spain to several kinds of mint (Mentha
sativa, viridis, etc.), but in California
universally applied to a common, sweet-scented labiate
plant (Micromeria Douglasii).
Yerba dol osa. [Sp., herb of the she-bear.] A kind of
buckthorn (Rhamnus Californica).
Yerba mansa. [Sp., a mild herb, soft herb.] A plant
(Anemopsis Californica) with a pungent, aromatic
rootstock, used medicinally by the Mexicans and the
Yerba reuma. [Cf. Sp. reuma rheum, rheumatism.] A low
California undershrub (Frankenia grandifolia). Nigella sativaNutmeg Nut"meg, n. [OE. notemuge; note nut + OF. muge musk, of
the same origin as E. musk; cf. OF. noix muguette nutmeg, F.
noix muscade. See Nut, and Musk.] (Bot.)
The kernel of the fruit of the nutmeg tree (Myristica
fragrans), a native of the Molucca Islands, but cultivated
elsewhere in the tropics.
Note: This fruit is a nearly spherical drupe, of the size of
a pear, of a yellowish color without and almost white
within. This opens into two nearly equal longitudinal
valves, inclosing the nut surrounded by its aril, which
is mace The nutmeg is an aromatic, very grateful to the
taste and smell, and much used in cookery. Other
species of Myristica yield nutmegs of inferior
American, Calabash, or Jamaica, nutmeg, the fruit of
a tropical shrub (Monodora Myristica). It is about the
size of an orange, and contains many aromatic seeds
imbedded in pulp.
Brazilian nutmeg, the fruit of a lauraceous tree,
California nutmeg, tree of the Yew family (Torreya
Californica), growing in the Western United States, and
having a seed which resembles a nutmeg in appearance, but
is strongly impregnated with turpentine.
Clove nutmeg, the Ravensara aromatica, a laura ceous tree
of Madagascar. The foliage is used as a spice, but the
seed is acrid and caustic.
Jamaica nutmeg. See American nutmeg (above).
Nutmeg bird (Zo["o]l.), an Indian finch (Munia
Nutmeg butter, a solid oil extracted from the nutmeg by
Nutmeg flower (Bot.), a ranunculaceous herb (Nigella
sativa) with small black aromatic seeds, which are used
medicinally and for excluding moths from furs and
Nutmeg liver (Med.), a name applied to the liver, when, as
the result of heart or lung disease, it undergoes
congestion and pigmentation about the central veins of its
lobules, giving it an appearance resembling that of a
Nutmeg melon (Bot.), a small variety of muskmelon of a rich
Nutmeg pigeon (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of
pigeons of the genus Myristicivora, native of the East
Indies and Australia. The color is usually white, or
cream-white, with black on the wings and tail.
Nutmeg wood (Bot.), the wood of the Palmyra palm.
Peruvian nutmeg, the aromatic seed of a South American tree
Plume nutmeg (Bot.), a spicy tree of Australia
(Atherosperma moschata). Nigella sativaFitch Fitch (?; 224), n.; pl. Fitches. [See Vetch.]
1. (Bot.) A vetch. [Obs.]
2. pl. (Bot.) A word found in the Authorized Version of the
Bible, representing different Hebrew originals. In Isaiah
xxviii. 25, 27, it means the black aromatic seeds of
Nigella sativa, still used as a flavoring in the East.
In Ezekiel iv. 9, the Revised Version now reads spelt. Nigella sativaCumin Cum"in (k?m"?n), n. [OE. comin, AS. cymen, fr. L.
cuminum, Gr.???????; of Semitic origin, cf. Ar. kamm?n, Heb.
kamm?n; cf. OF. comin, F. cumin. Cf. Kummel.] (Bot.)
A dwarf umbelliferous plant, somewhat resembling fennel
(Cuminum Cyminum), cultivated for its seeds, which have a
bitterish, warm taste, with an aromatic flavor, and are used
like those of anise and caraway. [Written also cummin.]
Rank-smelling rue, and cumin good for eyes. --Spenser.
Black cumin (Bot.), a plant (Nigella sativa) with pungent
seeds, used by the Afghans, etc. Onobrychis sativaSainfoin Sain"foin (?; 277), n. [F., fr. sain wholesome (L.
sanus; see Sane.) + foin hay (L. f[ae]num); or perh. fr.
saint sacred (L. sanctus; see Saint) + foin hay.] (Bot.)
(a) A leguminous plant (Onobrychis sativa) cultivated for
fodder. [Written also saintfoin.]
(b) A kind of tick trefoil (Desmodium Canadense). [Canada] Oryza sativaRice Rice, n. [F. riz (cf. Pr. ris, It. riso), L. oryza, Gr.
???, ???, probably from the Persian; cf. OPers. br[=i]zi,
akin to Skr. vr[=i]hi; or perh. akin to E. rye. Cf. Rye.]
A well-known cereal grass (Oryza sativa) and its seed. This
plant is extensively cultivated in warm climates, and the
grain forms a large portion of the food of the inhabitants.
In America it grows chiefly on low, moist land, which can be
Ant rice. (Bot.) See under Ant.
French rice. (Bot.) See Amelcorn.
Indian rice., a tall reedlike water grass (Zizania
aquatica), bearing panicles of a long, slender grain,
much used for food by North American Indians. It is common
in shallow water in the Northern States. Called also
water oat, Canadian wild rice, etc.
Mountain rice, any species of an American genus
(Oryzopsis) of grasses, somewhat resembling rice.
Rice bunting. (Zo["o]l.) Same as Ricebird.
Rice hen (Zo["o]l.), the Florida gallinule.
Rice mouse (Zo["o]l.), a large dark-colored field mouse
(Calomys palistris) of the Southern United States.
Rice paper, a kind of thin, delicate paper, brought from
China, -- used for painting upon, and for the manufacture
of fancy articles. It is made by cutting the pith of a
large herb (Fatsia papyrifera, related to the ginseng)
into one roll or sheet, which is flattened out under
pressure. Called also pith paper.
Rice troupial (Zo["o]l.), the bobolink.
Rice water, a drink for invalids made by boiling a small
quantity of rice in water.
Rice-water discharge (Med.), a liquid, resembling rice
water in appearance, which is vomited, and discharged from
the bowels, in cholera.
Rice weevil (Zo["o]l.), a small beetle (Calandra, or
Sitophilus, oryz[ae]) which destroys rice, wheat, and
Indian corn by eating out the interior; -- called also
black weevil. V sativaVetch Vetch, n. [Also fitch; OE. ficche, feche, for veche, OF.
veche, vecce, vesche, vesce, F. vesce, fr. L. vicia.] (Bot.)
Any leguminous plant of the genus Vicia, some species of
which are valuable for fodder. The common species is V.
Note: The name is also applied to many other leguminous
plants of different genera; as the chichling vetch, of
the genus Lathyrus; the horse vetch, of the genus
Hippocrepis; the kidney vetch (Anthyllis
vulneraria); the milk vetch, of the genus
Astragalus; the licorice vetch, or wild licorice
(Abrus precatorius). V sativaTare Tare, n. [Cf. Prov. E. tare brisk, eager, OE. tarefitch
the wild vetch.]
1. A weed that grows among wheat and other grain; -- alleged
by modern naturalists to be the Lolium temulentum, or
Didst not thou sow good seed in thy field? From
whence then hath it tares? --Matt. xiii.
The ``darnel' is said to be the tares of Scripture,
and is the only deleterious species belonging to the
whole order. --Baird.
2. (Bot.) A name of several climbing or diffuse leguminous
herbs of the genus Vicia; especially, the V. sativa,
sometimes grown for fodder. Vicia sativaVicine Vic"ine, n. (Chem.)
An alkaloid ex tracted from the seeds of the vetch (Vicia
sativa) as a white crystalline substance.
Meaning of sativa from wikipedia