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Peruvian mastic treeMastic Mas"tic, n. [F., fr. L. mastiche, mastichum, Gr. ?, fr.
? to chew, because of its being used in the East for
chewing.] [Written also mastich.]
1. (Bot.) A low shrubby tree of the genus Pistacia (P.
Lentiscus), growing upon the islands and coasts of the
Mediterranean, and producing a valuable resin; -- called
also, mastic tree.
2. A resin exuding from the mastic tree, and obtained by
incision. The best is in yellowish white, semitransparent
tears, of a faint smell, and is used as an astringent and
an aromatic, also as an ingredient in varnishes.
3. A kind of cement composed of burnt clay, litharge, and
linseed oil, used for plastering walls, etc.
Barbary mastic (Bot.), the Pistachia Atlantica.
Peruvian mastic tree (Bot.), a small tree (Schinus Molle)
with peppery red berries; -- called also pepper tree.
West Indian mastic (Bot.), a lofty tree (Bursera
gummifera) full of gum resin in every part. Peruvian nutmegNutmeg Nut"meg, n. [OE. notemuge; note nut + OF. muge musk, of
the same origin as E. musk; cf. OF. noix muguette nutmeg, F.
noix muscade. See Nut, and Musk.] (Bot.)
The kernel of the fruit of the nutmeg tree (Myristica
fragrans), a native of the Molucca Islands, but cultivated
elsewhere in the tropics.
Note: This fruit is a nearly spherical drupe, of the size of
a pear, of a yellowish color without and almost white
within. This opens into two nearly equal longitudinal
valves, inclosing the nut surrounded by its aril, which
is mace The nutmeg is an aromatic, very grateful to the
taste and smell, and much used in cookery. Other
species of Myristica yield nutmegs of inferior
American, Calabash, or Jamaica, nutmeg, the fruit of
a tropical shrub (Monodora Myristica). It is about the
size of an orange, and contains many aromatic seeds
imbedded in pulp.
Brazilian nutmeg, the fruit of a lauraceous tree,
California nutmeg, tree of the Yew family (Torreya
Californica), growing in the Western United States, and
having a seed which resembles a nutmeg in appearance, but
is strongly impregnated with turpentine.
Clove nutmeg, the Ravensara aromatica, a laura ceous tree
of Madagascar. The foliage is used as a spice, but the
seed is acrid and caustic.
Jamaica nutmeg. See American nutmeg (above).
Nutmeg bird (Zo["o]l.), an Indian finch (Munia
Nutmeg butter, a solid oil extracted from the nutmeg by
Nutmeg flower (Bot.), a ranunculaceous herb (Nigella
sativa) with small black aromatic seeds, which are used
medicinally and for excluding moths from furs and
Nutmeg liver (Med.), a name applied to the liver, when, as
the result of heart or lung disease, it undergoes
congestion and pigmentation about the central veins of its
lobules, giving it an appearance resembling that of a
Nutmeg melon (Bot.), a small variety of muskmelon of a rich
Nutmeg pigeon (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of
pigeons of the genus Myristicivora, native of the East
Indies and Australia. The color is usually white, or
cream-white, with black on the wings and tail.
Nutmeg wood (Bot.), the wood of the Palmyra palm.
Peruvian nutmeg, the aromatic seed of a South American tree
Plume nutmeg (Bot.), a spicy tree of Australia
(Atherosperma moschata). Scilla PeruvianaHyacinth Hy"a*cinth, n. [L. hyacinthus a kind of flower, prob.
the iris, gladiolus, or larkspur, also a kind of gem, perh.
the sapphire; as, a proper name, Hyacinthus, a beautiful
Laconian youth, beloved by Apollo, fr. Gr. ?, ?: cf. F.
hyacinthe. Cf. Jacinth. The hyacinth was fabled to have
sprung from the blood of Hyacinthus, who was accidentally
slain by Apollo.]
(a) A bulbous plant of the genus Hyacinthus, bearing
beautiful spikes of fragrant flowers. H. orientalis
is a common variety.
(b) A plant of the genus Camassia (C. Farseri), called
also Eastern camass; wild hyacinth.
(c) The name also given to Scilla Peruviana, a
Mediterranean plant, one variety of which produces
white, and another blue, flowers; -- called also, from
a mistake as to its origin, Hyacinth of Peru.
2. (Min.) A red variety of zircon, sometimes used as a gem.
Hyacinth bean (Bot.), a climbing leguminous plant
(Dolichos Lablab), related to the true bean. It has dark
purple flowers and fruit.
Meaning of peruvian from wikipedia
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