Definition of nitro. Meaning of nitro. Synonyms of nitro

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Definition of nitro

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Hyponitrous
Hyponitrous Hy`po*ni"trous, a. [Pref. hypo- + nitrous.] (Chem.) Containing or derived from nitrogen having a lower valence than in nitrous compounds. Hyponitrous acid (Chem.), an unstable nitrogen acid, NOH, whose salts are produced by reduction of the nitrates, although the acid itself is not isolated in the free state except as a solution in water; -- called also nitrosylic acid.
Hyponitrous acid
Hyponitrous Hy`po*ni"trous, a. [Pref. hypo- + nitrous.] (Chem.) Containing or derived from nitrogen having a lower valence than in nitrous compounds. Hyponitrous acid (Chem.), an unstable nitrogen acid, NOH, whose salts are produced by reduction of the nitrates, although the acid itself is not isolated in the free state except as a solution in water; -- called also nitrosylic acid.
hyponitrous oxide
Protoxide Pro*tox"ide, n. [Proto- + oxide: cf. F. protoxide.] (Chem.) That one of a series of oxides having the lowest proportion of oxygen. See Proto-, 2 (b) . protoxide of nitrogen, laughing gas, now called hyponitrous oxide
Isonitroso-
Isonitroso- I`so*ni*tro"so- [Iso- + nitroso-.] (Chem.) A combining from (also used adjectively), signifying: Pertaining to, or designating, the characteristic, nitrogenous radical, NOH, called the isonitroso group.
Nitro-
Nitro- Ni"tro- 1. A combining form or an adjective denoting the presence of niter. 2. (Chem.) A combining form (used also adjectively) designating certain compounds of nitrogen or of its acids, as nitrohydrochloric, nitrocalcite; also, designating the group or radical NO2, or its compounds, as nitrobenzene. Nitro group, the radical NO2; -- called also nitroxyl.
Nitro group
Nitro- Ni"tro- 1. A combining form or an adjective denoting the presence of niter. 2. (Chem.) A combining form (used also adjectively) designating certain compounds of nitrogen or of its acids, as nitrohydrochloric, nitrocalcite; also, designating the group or radical NO2, or its compounds, as nitrobenzene. Nitro group, the radical NO2; -- called also nitroxyl.
nitro group
Nitroxyl Ni*trox"yl, n. [Nitro- + oxygen + -yl.] (Chem.) The group NO2, usually called the nitro group.
Nitrobenzene
Nitrobenzene Ni`tro*ben"zene (? or ?), n. [Nitro- + benzene.] (Chem.) A yellow aromatic liquid (C6H5.NO2), produced by the action of nitric acid on benzene, and called from its odor imitation oil of bitter almonds, or essence of mirbane. It is used in perfumery, and is manufactured in large quantities in the preparation of aniline. Fornerly called also nitrobenzol.
nitrobenzol
Nitrobenzene Ni`tro*ben"zene (? or ?), n. [Nitro- + benzene.] (Chem.) A yellow aromatic liquid (C6H5.NO2), produced by the action of nitric acid on benzene, and called from its odor imitation oil of bitter almonds, or essence of mirbane. It is used in perfumery, and is manufactured in large quantities in the preparation of aniline. Fornerly called also nitrobenzol.
Nitrobenzol
Nitrobenzol Ni`tro*ben"zol, Nitrobenzole Ni`tro*ben"zole, (? or ?), n. See Nitrobenzene.
Nitrobenzole
Nitrobenzol Ni`tro*ben"zol, Nitrobenzole Ni`tro*ben"zole, (? or ?), n. See Nitrobenzene.
Nitrocalcite
Nitrocalcite Ni`tro*cal"cite, n. [Nitro- + calcite.] (Min.) Nitrate of calcium, a substance having a grayish white color, occuring in efforescences on old walls, and in limestone caves, especially where there exists decaying animal matter.
Nitrocarbol
Nitrocarbol Ni`tro*car"bol, n. [Nitro- + carbon + L. oleum oil.] (Chem.) See Nitromethane.
nitrocarbol
Nitromethane Ni`tro*meth"ane, n. [Nitro- + methane.] (Chem.) A nitro derivative of methane obtained as a mobile liquid; -- called also nitrocarbol.
Nitrocellulose
Nitrocellulose Ni`tro*cel"lu*lose`, n. [Nitro- + cellulose.] (Chem.) See Gun cotton, under Gun.
Nitro-chloroform
Nitro-chloroform Ni`tro-chlo"ro*form, n. [Nitro- + chloroform.] (Chem.) Same as Chlorpicrin.
Nitroform
Nitroform Ni"tro*form, n. [Nitro- + formyl.] (Chem.) A nitro derivative of methane, analogous to chloroform, obtained as a colorless oily or crystalline substance, CH.(NO2)3, quite explosive, and having well-defined acid properties.
Nitrogelatin
Nitrogelatin Ni`tro*gel"a*tin, n. [Nitro- + gelatin.] An explosive consisting of gun cotton and camphor dissolved in nitroglycerin. [Written also nitrogelatine.]
nitrogelatine
Nitrogelatin Ni`tro*gel"a*tin, n. [Nitro- + gelatin.] An explosive consisting of gun cotton and camphor dissolved in nitroglycerin. [Written also nitrogelatine.]
Nitrogen
Nitrogen Ni`tro*gen, n. [L. nitrum natron + -gen: cf. F. nitrog[`e]ne. See Niter.] (Chem.) A colorless nonmetallic element, tasteless and odorless, comprising four fifths of the atmosphere by volume. It is chemically very inert in the free state, and as such is incapable of supporting life (hence the name azote still used by French chemists); but it forms many important compounds, as ammonia, nitric acid, the cyanides, etc, and is a constituent of all organized living tissues, animal or vegetable. Symbol N. Atomic weight 14. It was formerly regarded as a permanent noncondensible gas, but was liquefied in 1877 by Cailletet of Paris, and Pictet of Geneva.
Nitrogenize
Nitrogenize Ni"tro*gen*ize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nitrogenized; p. pr. & vb. n. Nitrogenizing.] (Chem.) To combine, or impregnate, with nitrogen or its compounds.
Nitrogenized
Nitrogenize Ni"tro*gen*ize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nitrogenized; p. pr. & vb. n. Nitrogenizing.] (Chem.) To combine, or impregnate, with nitrogen or its compounds.
Nitrogenizing
Nitrogenize Ni"tro*gen*ize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Nitrogenized; p. pr. & vb. n. Nitrogenizing.] (Chem.) To combine, or impregnate, with nitrogen or its compounds.
Nitrogenous
Nitrogenous Ni*trog"e*nous, a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, nitrogen; as, a nitrogenous principle; nitrogenous compounds. Nitrogenous foods. See 2d Note under Food, n., 1.
Nitrogenous foods
Nitrogenous Ni*trog"e*nous, a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, nitrogen; as, a nitrogenous principle; nitrogenous compounds. Nitrogenous foods. See 2d Note under Food, n., 1.
Nitroglycerin
Nitroglycerin Ni`tro*glyc"er*in, n. [Nitro- + glycerinn.] (Chem.) A liquid appearing like a heavy oil, colorless or yellowish, and consisting of a mixture of several glycerin salts of nitric acid, and hence more properly called glycerin nitrate. It is made by the action of nitric acid on glycerin in the presence of sulphuric acid. It is extremely unstable and terribly explosive. A very dilute solution is used in medicine as a neurotic under the name of glonion. [Written also nitroglycerine.] Note: A great number of explosive compounds have been produced by mixing nitroglycerin with different substances; as, dynamite, or giant powder, nitroglycerin mixed with siliceous earth; lithofracteur, nitroglycerin with gunpowder, or with sawdust and nitrate of sodium or barium; Colonia powder, gunpowder with nitroglycerin; dualin, nitroglycerin with sawdust, or with sawdust and nitrate of potassium and some other substances; lignose, wood fiber and nitroglycerin.
nitroglycerine
Nitroglycerin Ni`tro*glyc"er*in, n. [Nitro- + glycerinn.] (Chem.) A liquid appearing like a heavy oil, colorless or yellowish, and consisting of a mixture of several glycerin salts of nitric acid, and hence more properly called glycerin nitrate. It is made by the action of nitric acid on glycerin in the presence of sulphuric acid. It is extremely unstable and terribly explosive. A very dilute solution is used in medicine as a neurotic under the name of glonion. [Written also nitroglycerine.] Note: A great number of explosive compounds have been produced by mixing nitroglycerin with different substances; as, dynamite, or giant powder, nitroglycerin mixed with siliceous earth; lithofracteur, nitroglycerin with gunpowder, or with sawdust and nitrate of sodium or barium; Colonia powder, gunpowder with nitroglycerin; dualin, nitroglycerin with sawdust, or with sawdust and nitrate of potassium and some other substances; lignose, wood fiber and nitroglycerin.
Nitrohydrochloric
Nitrohydrochloric Ni`tro*hy`dro*chlo"ric, a. [Nitro- + hydrochloric.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, nitric and hydrochloric acids. Nitrohydrochloric acid, a mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids, usually in the proportion of one part of the former to three of the latter, and remarkable for its solvent action on gold and platinum; -- called also nitromuriatic acid, and aqua regia.
Nitrohydrochloric acid
Nitrohydrochloric Ni`tro*hy`dro*chlo"ric, a. [Nitro- + hydrochloric.] (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, nitric and hydrochloric acids. Nitrohydrochloric acid, a mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids, usually in the proportion of one part of the former to three of the latter, and remarkable for its solvent action on gold and platinum; -- called also nitromuriatic acid, and aqua regia.
Nitrol
Nitrol Ni"trol, n. (Chem.) Any one of a series of hydrocarbons containing the nitro and the nitroso or isonitroso group united to the same carbon atom.

Meaning of nitro from wikipedia