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Animal kingdomAnimal An"i*mal, a. [Cf. F. animal.]
1. Of or relating to animals; as, animal functions.
2. Pertaining to the merely sentient part of a creature, as
distinguished from the intellectual, rational, or
spiritual part; as, the animal passions or appetites.
3. Consisting of the flesh of animals; as, animal food.
Animal magnetism. See Magnetism and Mesmerism.
Animal electricity, the electricity developed in some
animals, as the electric eel, torpedo, etc.
Animal flower (Zo["o]l.), a name given to certain marine
animals resembling a flower, as any species of actinia or
sea anemone, and other Anthozoa, hydroids, starfishes,
Animal heat (Physiol.), the heat generated in the body of a
living animal, by means of which the animal is kept at
nearly a uniform temperature.
Animal spirits. See under Spirit.
Animal kingdom, the whole class of beings endowed with
animal life. It embraces several subkingdoms, and under
these there are Classes, Orders, Families, Genera,
Species, and sometimes intermediate groupings, all in
regular subordination, but variously arranged by different
Note: The following are the grand divisions, or subkingdoms,
and the principal classes under them, generally
recognized at the present time: Middle KingdomMiddle Mid"dle, a. [OE. middel, AS. middel; akin to D. middel,
OHG. muttil, G. mittel. ????. See Mid, a.]
1. Equally distant from the extreme either of a number of
things or of one thing; mean; medial; as, the middle house
in a row; a middle rank or station in life; flowers of
middle summer; men of middle age.
2. Intermediate; intervening.
Will, seeking good, finds many middle ends. --Sir J.
Note: Middle is sometimes used in the formation of
selfexplaining compounds; as, middle-sized,
Middle Ages, the period of time intervening between the
decline of the Roman Empire and the revival of letters.
Hallam regards it as beginning with the sixth and ending
with the fifteenth century.
Middle class, in England, people who have an intermediate
position between the aristocracy and the artisan class. It
includes professional men, bankers, merchants, and small
The middle-class electorate of Great Britain. --M.
Middle distance. (Paint.) See Middle-ground.
Middle English. See English, n., 2.
Middle Kingdom, China.
Middle oil (Chem.), that part of the distillate obtained
from coal tar which passes over between 170[deg] and
230[deg] Centigrade; -- distinguished from the light, and
the heavy or dead, oil.
Middle passage, in the slave trade, that part of the
Atlantic Ocean between Africa and the West Indies.
Middle post. (Arch.) Same as King-post.
Middle States, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and
Delaware; which, at the time of the formation of the
Union, occupied a middle position between the Eastern
States (or New England) and the Southern States. [U.S.]
Middle term (Logic), that term of a syllogism with which
the two extremes are separately compared, and by means of
which they are brought together in the conclusion.
Middle tint (Paint.), a subdued or neutral tint.
Middle voice. (Gram.) See under Voice.
Middle watch, the period from midnight to four A. M.; also,
the men on watch during that time. --Ham. Nav. Encyc.
Middle weight, a pugilist, boxer, or wrestler classed as of
medium weight, i. e., over 140 and not over 160 lbs., in
distinction from those classed as light weights, heavy
weights, etc. Mineral kingdomMineral Min"er*al, a.
1. Of or pertaining to minerals; consisting of a mineral or
of minerals; as, a mineral substance.
2. Impregnated with minerals; as, mineral waters.
Mineral acids (Chem.), inorganic acids, as sulphuric,
nitric, phosphoric, hydrochloric, acids, etc., as
distinguished from the organic acids.
Mineral blue, the name usually given to azurite, when
reduced to an impalpable powder for coloring purposes.
Mineral candle, a candle made of paraffine.
Mineral caoutchouc, an elastic mineral pitch, a variety of
bitumen, resembling caoutchouc in elasticity and softness.
See Caoutchouc, and Elaterite.
Mineral chameleon (Chem.) See Chameleon mineral, under
Mineral charcoal. See under Charcoal.
Mineral cotton. See Mineral wool (below).
Mineral green, a green carbonate of copper; malachite.
Mineral kingdom (Nat. Sci.), that one of the three grand
divisions of nature which embraces all inorganic objects,
as distinguished from plants or animals.
Mineral oil. See Naphtha, and Petroleum.
Mineral paint, a pigment made chiefly of some natural
mineral substance, as red or yellow iron ocher.
Mineral patch. See Bitumen, and Asphalt.
Mineral right, the right of taking minerals from land.
Mineral salt (Chem.), a salt of a mineral acid.
Mineral tallow, a familiar name for hatchettite, from its
fatty or spermaceti-like appearance.
Mineral water. See under Water.
Mineral wax. See Ozocerite.
Mineral wool, a fibrous wool-like material, made by blowing
a powerful jet of air or steam through melted slag. It is
a poor conductor of heat.
Subkingdom Sub*king"dom, n.
One of the several primary divisions of either the animal, or
vegetable kingdom, as, in zo["o]logy, the Vertebrata,
Tunicata, Mollusca, Articulata, Molluscoidea, Echinodermata,
C[oe]lentera, and the Protozoa; in botany, the Phanerogamia,
and the Cryptogamia.
The flowery kingdomFlowery Flow"er*y, a.
1. Full of flowers; abounding with blossoms.
2. Highly embellished with figurative language; florid; as, a
flowery style. --Milton.
The flowery kingdom, China. The United KingdomUnited U*nit"ed, a.
Combined; joined; made one.
United Brethren. (Eccl.) See Moravian, n.
United flowers (Bot.), flowers which have the stamens and
pistils in the same flower.
The United Kingdom, Great Britain and Ireland; -- so named
since January 1, 1801, when the Legislative Union went
Underkingdom Un"der*king`dom, n.
A subordinate or dependent kingdom. --Tennyson.
Vegetable kingdom Vegetable kingdom (Nat. Hist.), that primary division of
living things which includes all plants. The classes of
the vegetable kingdom have been grouped differently by
various botanists. The following is one of the best of the
many arrangements of the principal subdivisions.