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Abelmoschus or Hibiscus esculentusOkra O"kra, n. (Bot.)
An annual plant (Abelmoschus, or Hibiscus, esculentus),
whose green pods, abounding in nutritious mucilage, are much
used for soups, stews, or pickles; gumbo. [Written also
ocra and ochra.] Alaria esculentaBadderlocks Bad"der*locks, n. [Perh. for Balderlocks, fr.
Balder the Scandinavian deity.] (Bot.)
A large black seaweed (Alaria esculenta) sometimes eaten in
Europe; -- also called murlins, honeyware, and henware.
Anchor escapement An"chor es*cape"ment (Horol.)
(a) The common recoil escapement.
(b) A variety of the lever escapement with a wide impulse
Camassia esculentaCamass Cam"ass, n. [American Indian name.] (Bot.)
A blue-flowered liliaceous plant (Camassia esculenta) of
northwestern America, the bulbs of which are collected for
food by the Indians. [Written also camas, cammas, and
Note: The Eastern cammass is Camassia Fraseri. Cylinder escapementCylinder Cyl"in*der (s?l"?n-d?r), n. [F. cylindre, OF.
cilindre, L. cylindrus, fr. Gr. ky`lindros, fr. kyli`ndein,
kyli`ein, to roll. Cf. Calender the machine.]
(a) A solid body which may be generated by the rotation of
a parallelogram round one its sides; or a body of
rollerlike form, of which the longitudinal section is
oblong, and the cross section is circular.
(b) The space inclosed by any cylindrical surface. The
space may be limited or unlimited in length.
2. Any hollow body of cylindrical form, as:
(a) The chamber of a steam engine in which the piston is
moved by the force of steam.
(b) The barrel of an air or other pump.
(c) (Print.) The revolving platen or bed which produces
the impression or carries the type in a cylinder
(d) The bore of a gun; the turning chambered breech of a
3. The revolving square prism carrying the cards in a
Cylinder axis. (Anat.) See Axis cylinder, under Axis.
Cylinder engine (Paper Making), a machine in which a
cylinder takes up the pulp and delivers it in a continuous
sheet to the dryers.
Cylinder escapement. See Escapement.
Cylinder glass. See Glass.
Cylinder mill. See Roller mill.
Cylinder press. See Press. Cyperus esculentusChufa Chu"fa, n. [Sp.] (Bot.)
A sedgelike plant (Cyperus esculentus) producing edible
tubers, native about the Mediterranean, now cultivated in
many regions; the earth almond.
De bene esse
De bene esse De be"ne es"se [L.] (Law)
Of well being; of formal sufficiency for the time;
conditionally; provisionally. --Abbott.
Deadbeat escapementDeadbeat Dead"beat`, a. (Physics)
Making a beat without recoil; giving indications by a single
beat or excursion; -- said of galvanometers and other
instruments in which the needle or index moves to the extent
of its deflection and stops with little or no further
Deadbeat escapement. See under Escapement. Detached escapementDetached De*tached", a.
Separate; unconnected, or imperfectly connected; as, detached
parcels. ``Extensive and detached empire.' --Burke.
Detached escapement. See Escapement. Duplex escapementDuplex Du"plex, a. [L., fr. duo two + plicare to fold. See
Two, and Complex.]
Duplex escapement, a peculiar kind of watch escapement, in
which the scape-wheel has two sets of teeth. See
Duplex lathe, one for turning off, screwing, and surfacing,
by means of two cutting tools, on opposite sides of the
piece operated upon.
Duplex pumping engine, a steam pump in which two steam
cylinders are placed side by side, one operating the
valves of the other.
Duplex querela [L., double complaint] (Eccl. Law), a
complaint in the nature of an appeal from the ordinary to
his immediate superior, as from a bishop to an archbishop.
--Mozley & W.
Duplex telegraphy, a system of telegraphy for sending two
messages over the same wire simultaneously.
Duplex watch, one with a duplex escapement. Expectant estateExpectant Ex*pect"ant, a. [L. expectans, exspectans, p. pr. of
expectare, exspectare: cf. F. expectant.]
Waiting in expectation; looking for; (Med.) waiting for the
efforts of nature, with little active treatment.
Expectant estate (Law), an estate in expectancy. See under
Expectancy. Fagopyrum esculentumBuckwheat Buck"wheat`, n. [Buck a beech tree + wheat; akin to
D. boekweit, G. buchweizen.]
1. (Bot.) A plant (Fagopyrum esculentum) of the Polygonum
family, the seed of which is used for food.
2. The triangular seed used, when ground, for griddle cakes,
etc. Helvella or Gyromitra esculentaTurban-top Tur"ban-top`, n. (Bot.)
A kind of fungus with an irregularly wrinkled, somewhat
globular pileus (Helvella, or Gyromitra, esculenta.).
In esse In` es"se [L.]
In being; actually existing; -- distinguished from in posse,
or in potentia, which denote that a thing is not, but may be.
Lever escapementLever Le"ver (l[=e]"v[~e]r or l[e^]v"[~e]r; 277), n. [OE.
levour, OF. leveor, prop., a lifter, fr. F. lever to raise,
L. levare; akin to levis light in weight, E. levity, and
perh. to E. light not heavy: cf. F. levier. Cf. Alleviate,
Elevate, Leaven, Legerdemain, Levee, Levy, n.]
1. (Mech.) A rigid piece which is capable of turning about
one point, or axis (the fulcrum), and in which are two or
more other points where forces are applied; -- used for
transmitting and modifying force and motion. Specif., a
bar of metal, wood, or other rigid substance, used to
exert a pressure, or sustain a weight, at one point of its
length, by receiving a force or power at a second, and
turning at a third on a fixed point called a fulcrum. It
is usually named as the first of the six mechanical
powers, and is of three kinds, according as either the
fulcrum F, the weight W, or the power P, respectively, is
situated between the other two, as in the figures.
(a) A bar, as a capstan bar, applied to a rotatory piece
to turn it.
(b) An arm on a rock shaft, to give motion to the shaft or
to obtain motion from it.
Compound lever, a machine consisting of two or more levers
acting upon each other.
Lever escapement. See Escapement.
Lever jack. See Jack, n., 5.
Lever watch, a watch having a vibrating lever to connect
the action of the escape wheel with that of the balance.
Universal lever, a machine formed by a combination of a
lever with the wheel and axle, in such a manner as to
convert the reciprocating motion of the lever into a
continued rectilinear motion of some body to which the
power is applied. Lycopersicum esculentunTomato To*ma"to, n.; pl. Tomatoes. [Sp. or Pg. tomate, of
American Indian origin; cf. Mexican tomail.] (Bot.)
The fruit of a plant of the Nightshade family (Lycopersicum
esculentun); also, the plant itself. The fruit, which is
called also love apple, is usually of a rounded, flattened
form, but often irregular in shape. It is of a bright red or
yellow color, and is eaten either cooked or uncooked.
Tomato gall (Zo["o]l.), a large gall consisting of a mass
of irregular swellings on the stems and leaves of
grapevines. They are yellowish green, somewhat tinged with
red, and produced by the larva of a small two-winged fly
Tomato sphinx (Zo["o]l.), the adult or imago of the tomato
worm. It closely resembles the tobacco hawk moth. Called
also tomato hawk moth. See Illust. of Hawk moth.
Tomato worm (Zo["o]l.), the larva of a large hawk moth
(Sphinx, or Macrosila, quinquemaculata) which feeds upon
the leaves of the tomato and potato plants, often doing
considerable damage. Called also potato worm. Morchella esculentaMorel Mor"el, n. [See Moril.] (Bot.)
An edible fungus (Morchella esculenta), the upper part of
which is covered with a reticulated and pitted hymenium. It
is used as food, and for flavoring sauces. [Written also
Non est factum
Non est factum Non` est` fac"tum [Law L. it is not (his)
The plea of the general issue in an action of debt on bond.
Non est inventus
Non est inventus Non` est` in*ven"tus [L., he is not found.]
The return of a sheriff on a writ, when the defendant is not
found in his county. --Bouvier.
Personal estatePersonal Per"son*al, a. [L. personalis: cf. F. personnel.]
1. Pertaining to human beings as distinct from things.
Every man so termed by way of personal difference.
2. Of or pertaining to a particular person; relating to, or
affecting, an individual, or each of many individuals;
peculiar or proper to private concerns; not public or
general; as, personal comfort; personal desire.
The words are conditional, -- If thou doest well, --
and so personal to Cain. --Locke.
3. Pertaining to the external or bodily appearance;
corporeal; as, personal charms. --Addison.
4. Done in person; without the intervention of another.
``Personal communication.' --Fabyan.
The immediate and personal speaking of God. --White.
5. Relating to an individual, his character, conduct,
motives, or private affairs, in an invidious and offensive
manner; as, personal reflections or remarks.
6. (Gram.) Denoting person; as, a personal pronoun.
Personal action (Law), a suit or action by which a man
claims a debt or personal duty, or damages in lieu of it;
or wherein he claims satisfaction in damages for an injury
to his person or property, or the specific recovery of
goods or chattels; -- opposed to real action.
Personal equation. (Astron.) See under Equation.
Personal estate or property (Law), movables; chattels; --
opposed to real estate or property. It usually consists of
things temporary and movable, including all subjects of
property not of a freehold nature.
Personal identity (Metaph.), the persistent and continuous
unity of the individual person, which is attested by
Personal pronoun (Gram.), one of the pronouns I, thou,
he, she, it, and their plurals.
Personal representatives (Law), the executors or
administrators of a person deceased.
Personal rights, rights appertaining to the person; as, the
rights of a personal security, personal liberty, and
Personal tithes. See under Tithe.
Personal verb (Gram.), a verb which is modified or
inflected to correspond with the three persons. Psoralea esculentaPrairie Prai"rie, n. [F., an extensive meadow, OF. praerie,
LL. prataria, fr. L. pratum a meadow.]
1. An extensive tract of level or rolling land, destitute of
trees, covered with coarse grass, and usually
characterized by a deep, fertile soil. They abound
throughout the Mississippi valley, between the Alleghanies
and the Rocky mountains.
From the forests and the prairies, From the great
lakes of the northland. --Longfellow.
2. A meadow or tract of grass; especially, a so called
Prairie chicken (Zo["o]l.), any American grouse of the
genus Tympanuchus, especially T. Americanus (formerly
T. cupido), which inhabits the prairies of the central
United States. Applied also to the sharp-tailed grouse.
Prairie clover (Bot.), any plant of the leguminous genus
Petalostemon, having small rosy or white flowers in
dense terminal heads or spikes. Several species occur in
the prairies of the United States.
Prairie dock (Bot.), a coarse composite plant (Silphium
terebinthaceum) with large rough leaves and yellow
flowers, found in the Western prairies.
Prairie dog (Zo["o]l.), a small American rodent (Cynomys
Ludovicianus) allied to the marmots. It inhabits the
plains west of the Mississippi. The prairie dogs burrow in
the ground in large warrens, and have a sharp bark like
that of a dog. Called also prairie marmot.
Prairie grouse. Same as Prairie chicken, above.
Prairie hare (Zo["o]l.), a large long-eared Western hare
(Lepus campestris). See Jack rabbit, under 2d Jack.
Prairie hawk, Prairie falcon (Zo["o]l.), a falcon of
Western North America (Falco Mexicanus). The upper parts
are brown. The tail has transverse bands of white; the
under parts, longitudinal streaks and spots of brown.
Prairie hen. (Zo["o]l.) Same as Prairie chicken, above.
Prairie itch (Med.), an affection of the skin attended with
intense itching, which is observed in the Northern and
Western United States; -- also called swamp itch,
Prairie marmot. (Zo["o]l.) Same as Prairie dog, above.
Prairie mole (Zo["o]l.), a large American mole (Scalops
argentatus), native of the Western prairies.
Prairie pigeon, plover, or snipe (Zo["o]l.), the upland
plover. See Plover, n., 2.
Prairie rattlesnake (Zo["o]l.), the massasauga.
Prairie snake (Zo["o]l.), a large harmless American snake
(Masticophis flavigularis). It is pale yellow, tinged
with brown above.
Prairie squirrel (Zo["o]l.), any American ground squirrel
of the genus Spermophilus, inhabiting prairies; --
called also gopher.
Prairie turnip (Bot.), the edible turnip-shaped farinaceous
root of a leguminous plant (Psoralea esculenta) of the
Upper Missouri region; also, the plant itself. Called also
pomme blanche, and pomme de prairie.
Prairie warbler (Zo["o]l.), a bright-colored American
warbler (Dendroica discolor). The back is olive yellow,
with a group of reddish spots in the middle; the under
parts and the parts around the eyes are bright yellow; the
sides of the throat and spots along the sides, black;
three outer tail feathers partly white.
Prairie wolf. (Zo["o]l.) See Coyote. Psoralea esculentaBreadroot Bread`root", n. (Bot.)
The root of a leguminous plant (Psoralea esculenta), found
near the Rocky Mountains. It is usually oval in form, and
abounds in farinaceous matter, affording sweet and palatable
Note: It is the Pomme blanche of Canadian voyageurs. Quantity of estateQuantity Quan"ti*ty, n.; pl. Quantities. [F. quantite, L.
quantitas, fr. quantus bow great, how much, akin to quam bow,
E. how, who. See Who.]
1. The attribute of being so much, and not more or less; the
property of being measurable, or capable of increase and
decrease, multiplication and division; greatness; and more
concretely, that which answers the question ``How much?';
measure in regard to bulk or amount; determinate or
comparative dimensions; measure; amount; bulk; extent;
size. Hence, in specific uses:
(a) (Logic) The extent or extension of a general
conception, that is, the number of species or
individuals to which it may be applied; also, its
content or comprehension, that is, the number of its
constituent qualities, attributes, or relations.
(b) (Gram.) The measure of a syllable; that which
determines the time in which it is pronounced; as, the
long or short quantity of a vowel or syllable.
(c) (Mus.) The relative duration of a tone.
2. That which can be increased, diminished, or measured;
especially (Math.), anything to which mathematical
processes are applicable.
Note: Quantity is discrete when it is applied to separate
objects, as in number; continuous, when the parts are
connected, either in succession, as in time, motion,
etc., or in extension, as by the dimensions of space,
viz., length, breadth, and thickness.
3. A determinate or estimated amount; a sum or bulk; a
certain portion or part; sometimes, a considerable amount;
a large portion, bulk, or sum; as, a medicine taken in
quantities, that is, in large quantities.
The quantity of extensive and curious information
which he had picked up during many months of
desultory, but not unprofitable, study. --Macaulay.
Quantity of estate (Law), its time of continuance, or
degree of interest, as in fee, for life, or for years.
--Wharton (Law Dict. )
Quantity of matter, in a body, its mass, as determined by
its weight, or by its momentum under a given velocity.
Quantity of motion (Mech.), in a body, the relative amount
of its motion, as measured by its momentum, varying as the
product of mass and velocity.
Known quantities (Math.), quantities whose values are
Unknown quantities (Math.), quantities whose values are
sought. Rana esculentaFrog Frog (fr[o^]g), n. [AS. froggu, frocga a frog (in
sensel); akin to D. vorsch, OHG. frosk, G. frosch, Icel.
froskr, fraukr, Sw. & Dan. fr["o].]
1. (Zo["o]l.) An amphibious animal of the genus Rana and
related genera, of many species. Frogs swim rapidly, and
take long leaps on land. Many of the species utter loud
notes in the springtime.
Note: The edible frog of Europe (Rana esculenta) is
extensively used as food; the American bullfrog (R.
Catesbiana) is remarkable for its great size and loud
2. [Perh. akin to E. fork, cf. frush frog of a horse.]
(Anat.) The triangular prominence of the hoof, in the
middle of the sole of the foot of the horse, and other
animals; the fourchette.
3. (Railroads) A supporting plate having raised ribs that
form continuations of the rails, to guide the wheels where
one track branches from another or crosses it.
4. [Cf. fraco of wool or silk, L. floccus, E. frock.] An
oblong cloak button, covered with netted thread, and
fastening into a loop instead of a button hole.
5. The loop of the scabbard of a bayonet or sword.
Cross frog (Railroads), a frog adapted for tracks that
cross at right angles.
Frog cheese, a popular name for a large puffball.
Frog eater, one who eats frogs; -- a term of contempt
applied to a Frenchman by the vulgar class of English.
Frog fly. (Zo["o]l.) See Frog hopper.
Frog hopper (Zo["o]l.), a small, leaping, hemipterous
insect living on plants. The larv[ae] are inclosed in a
frothy liquid called cuckoo spit or frog spit.
Frog lily (Bot.), the yellow water lily (Nuphar).
Frog spit (Zo["o]l.), the frothy exudation of the frog
hopper; -- called also frog spittle. See Cuckoo spit,
under Cuckoo. Real estate brokerBroker Bro"ker (br[=o]"k[~e]r), n. [OE. brocour, from a word
akin to broken, bruken, to use, enjoy, possess, digest, fr.
AS. br[=u]can to use, enjoy; cf. Fries. broker, F.
brocanteur. See Brook, v. t.]
1. One who transacts business for another; an agent.
2. (Law) An agent employed to effect bargains and contracts,
as a middleman or negotiator, between other persons, for a
compensation commonly called brokerage. He takes no
possession, as broker, of the subject matter of the
negotiation. He generally contracts in the names of those
who employ him, and not in his own. --Story.
3. A dealer in money, notes, bills of exchange, etc.
4. A dealer in secondhand goods. [Eng.]
5. A pimp or procurer. [Obs.] --Shak.
Bill broker, one who buys and sells notes and bills of
Curbstone broker or Street broker, an operator in stocks
(not a member of the Stock Exchange) who executes orders
by running from office to office, or by transactions on
the street. [U.S.]
Exchange broker, one who buys and sells uncurrent money,
and deals in exchanges relating to money.
Insurance broker, one who is agent in procuring insurance
on vessels, or against fire.
Pawn broker. See Pawnbroker.
Real estate broker, one who buys and sells lands, and
negotiates loans, etc., upon mortgage.
Ship broker, one who acts as agent in buying and selling
ships, procuring freight, etc.
Stock broker. See Stockbroker. Recoil escapementRecoil Re*coil", n.
1. A starting or falling back; a rebound; a shrinking; as,
the recoil of nature, or of the blood.
2. The state or condition of having recoiled.
The recoil from formalism is skepticism. --F. W.
3. Specifically, the reaction or rebounding of a firearm when
Recoil dynamometer (Gunnery), an instrument for measuring
the force of the recoil of a firearm.
Recoil escapement See the Note under Escapement. Sarcocephalus esculentusPeach Peach, n. [OE. peche, peshe, OF. pesche, F. p[^e]che,
fr. LL. persia, L. Persicum (sc. malum) a Persian apple, a
peach. Cf. Persian, and Parsee.] (Bot.)
A well-known high-flavored juicy fruit, containing one or two
seeds in a hard almond-like endocarp or stone; also, the tree
which bears it (Prunus, or Amygdalus Persica). In the wild
stock the fruit is hard and inedible.
Guinea, or Sierra Leone, peach, the large edible berry
of the Sarcocephalus esculentus, a rubiaceous climbing
shrub of west tropical Africa.
Palm peach, the fruit of a Venezuelan palm tree (Bactris
Peach color, the pale red color of the peach blossom.
Peach-tree borer (Zo["o]l.), the larva of a clearwing moth
([AE]geria, or Sannina, exitiosa) of the family
[AE]geriid[ae], which is very destructive to peach trees
by boring in the wood, usually near the ground; also, the
moth itself. See Illust. under Borer. Separate estateSeparate Sep"a*rate, p. a. [L. separatus, p. p. ]
1. Divided from another or others; disjoined; disconnected;
separated; -- said of things once connected.
Him that was separate from his brethren. --Gen.
2. Unconnected; not united or associated; distinct; -- said
of things that have not been connected.
For such an high priest became us, who is holy,
harmless, undefiled, separate from sinnere. --Heb.
3. Disunited from the body; disembodied; as, a separate
spirit; the separate state of souls.
Separate estate (Law), an estate limited to a married woman
independent of her husband.
Separate maintenance (Law), an allowance made to a wife by
her husband under deed of separation. -- Sep"a*rate*ly,
adv. -- Sep"a*rate*ness, n. To exibit an essayExhibit Ex*hib"it, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Exhibited; p. pr. &
vb. n. Exhibiting.] [L. exhibitus, p. p. of exhibere to
hold forth, to tender, exhibit; ex out + habere to have or
hold. See Habit.]
1. To hold forth or present to view; to produce publicly, for
inspection; to show, especially in order to attract notice
to what is interesting; to display; as, to exhibit
commodities in a warehouse, a picture in a gallery.
Exhibiting a miserable example of the weakness of
mind and body. --Pope.
2. (Law) To submit, as a document, to a court or officer, in
course of proceedings; also, to present or offer
officially or in legal form; to bring, as a charge.
He suffered his attorney-general to exhibit a charge
of high treason against the earl. --Clarendon.
3. (Med.) To administer as a remedy; as, to exhibit calomel.
To exhibit a foundation or prize, to hold it forth or to
tender it as a bounty to candidates.
To exibit an essay, to declaim or otherwise present it in